BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE CITY'S BIODIVERSITY RESOURCES
Located in the province of Québec (Canada), Montréal is an island with 315 km of shorelines. The riverbanks of the Island of Montréal
, of several islands within its territory and of interior streams are areas of great interest in terms of action to preserve biodiversity. Moreover, the city hosts 2,100 green spaces, which cover 6,500 hectares or 13 % of the territory. Within these green spaces, Montréal has a network of 22 large parks of which twelve or so are nature parks. These are large parks preserved in their natural state. Their natural environments are accessible to the population and provide opportunity to observe flora and fauna. The ecological management of nature environments in urban parks enables us to preserve urban biodiversity, and one measure is to identify and destroy invasive species.
Mount Royal Park, which is part of this network, covers more than 200 hectares. It is part of an innovative conservation project which involves biomass management and the creation of an ecological network. This network includes "biodiversity cores", "buffer zones" and "ecological corridors", which create links with the various conservation areas. Measures will be included in the Urban Plan as a result of this program, so as to maintain and increase vegetation in urban areas, in addition to the ecological network.
Montréal is among the cities with the greatest number of community gardens. It is estimated that 10,000 households take advantage of this activity, enjoying contact with plants and soil. The positive impact of this activity is an increased awareness of the importance of soil and plants. It is also an activity that promotes social integration, recreation and food safety.
Montréal is home to four scientific institutions dedicated to natural sciences, Montréal’s nature museums, which comprise the renowned Botanical Garden, the Planetarium, Insectarium and Biodôme. The Montréal Botanical Garden, one of the largest in the world, covers 75 hectares and hosts 22,000 plant species and cultivars. Ten exhibition greenhouses and 30 thematic gardens are open to visitors. The Insectarium, with its living collection of 100 arthropod species and naturalized collections of 160,000 specimens, is very popular with children. The Biodôme is home to 240 animal species (4,700 specimens) and 750 plant species. It recreates four natural ecosystems of the Americas, namely the tropical rain forest, the Laurentian forest, the freshwater ecosystem of the St. Lawrence River, and the polar ecosystems of the Arctic and Antarctic.