العربية  |  English  |  Español  |  Français  |  Русский

Ethiopia - Overview

Hide map
Legend:
    CBD Party
    CBD & CPB Party
 
    Non Party
    Selected country
Disclaimer:
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on maps, graphics and publications do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Remark:
Please note that this country profile has been prepared by the Secretariat on the basis of information provided in the NBSAP and national reports, but has not been reviewed by the Party concerned.

Main References

National Website

Status and Trends of Biodiversity

Overview

Ethiopia has nine vegetation-based major ecosystems. The country contains outstanding physical features, including the lava lake of Erta`le and the sulphur deposits of Dallol. Most recent studies indicate that: there are more than 6500 species of higher plants (10-12% endemic). About 887 plant species are used for medicinal purposes, constituting over 10% of the vascular species existing in Ethiopia... More »

Number and Extent of Protected Areas

The protected areas of Ethiopia constitute 14% of the total land area, but the montane forest ecosystems are not represented.

Percentage of Forest Cover

According to the most recent study, Ethiopian forest cover has declined to 3.56% of the total. The annual loss of the highland montane forest areas of Ethiopia has been estimated at between 150,000 and 200,000 ha.

Implementation of the Convention

Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target

The 2010 target has been addressed in the National Capacity Needs Self-Assessment Program whose main goals are the rehabilitation of affected ecosystems and their sustainable use. Sub targets include: biodiversity hotspots rehabilitated and sustainably used; forest cover increased to fulfill demands for fuel wood, fodder and construction; and sites identified, rehabilitated and managed as protected areas... More »

Initiatives in Protected Areas

The Federal and Regional governmental offices and environmental NGOs are helping local communities to reverse the current degradation trends in protected areas. Some examples of such efforts are: revitalizing the Maze wildlife reserve (habitat of the Swayne's Harte Beast); establishing the new Chebera Chorchora wildlife reserve; and nominating the Abijate-Shalla National park as the first Ramsar site for Ethiopia... More »

Initiatives in Access and Benefit Sharing

The Institute of Biodiversity Conservation was established in 1998 with the mandate, inter alia, to give permit for those who need to access the genetic resources in the country, and to issue regulation in accordance to which permit for access to genetic resources shall be granted. Accordingly, the Institute is receiving access application and granting access permits based on mutually agreed access and benefit-sharing agreements... More »

Initiatives for Article 8(j)

The Ethiopian Constitution recognizes the need to devolve state authority to local communities. The devolution process, including that of budgetary allocation and fiscal responsibility, has now been implemented at the district level. Ethiopia has taken all the measures it can to enhance the capacity of its local indigenous communities... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

Dr. Gemedo Dalle Tussie
CBD Primary NFP, SBSTTA NFP
Dr. Alganesh Tessema
GSPC NFP
Dr. Zeleke Woldetenssay
ICNP ABS NFP
Dr. Tesfaye Awas
GTI NFP
Mr. Abiyot Berhanu
CHM NFP
Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI)
ABS Competent National Authorities
Mr. Kebu Balemie
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Belete Geda Torbi
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Mr. Tesfaye Woldeyes
BCH NFP

Rate this page - 84 people have rated this page 
  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme