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Myanmar - Overview

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Main References

Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Myanmar is rich in biodiversity due to its diverse ecosystems and varying sea level to mountain peak elevations. Among its ecosystems, forests are considered to be integral to the stability of the environment, however, the country also supports a large diversity of freshwater ecosystems, ranging from fast-flowing mountain streams to wide, slow-flowing lowland rivers, as well as lakes and other non-flowing wetlands... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Major threats to biodiversity in Myanmar include hunting, overfishing, forest depletion and degradation, encroachment, forest fires, habitat destruction (which is expected to grow due to increasing urbanization), climate change, introduction of alien invasive species and increasing markets for wildlife and their derivatives in neighboring countries (i.e... More »

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

The goal of the country’s first NBSAP released in 2011 is “to provide a strategic planning framework for the effective and efficient conservation and management of biodiversity and natural resources with greater transparency, accountability and equity”... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Actions taken to conserve biodiversity components include: the protection and rehabilitation of remaining natural forests; establishment of forest plantations to control desertification; promotion of wood fuel substitutes; establishment of community forestry; rescuing endangered wild species of crops and crop landraces; characterizing genetic diversity for the efficient and sustainable use of crop genetic resources; developing agro-environmental techniques; establishing a system for the management of plant genetic resources, including collections and seed banks; and enhanced international cooperation to protect threatened marine turtles... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Biodiversity is integrated into the education sector, providing students with knowledge about biodiversity and its values, and seminars and workshops on specific issues are organized... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

The content of this biodiversity profile is still draft. The text below has been prepared by SCBD and remains subject to final approval by the Party concerned.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) constitutes the main mechanism for monitoring biodiversity. Surveys prepared in this framework include monitoring the impacts of human and natural disasters on regions or areas which usually suffer from ecosystem imbalance and its consequences... More »

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

H.E. U Aung Bwa
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Tin Tun
CBD Primary NFP
Mr. Phae Thann Oo
CHM NFP
Mr. U Tun Paw Oo
SBSTTA NFP
U Zaw Win Myint
GTI NFP
Mr. Hla Maung Thein
ICNP ABS NFP
Mr. Win Naing Thaw
Protected Areas NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Mr. Tin Tun
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
U Tin Htut Oo
BCH NFP

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