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Togo - Overview

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Main References

National Website


Biodiversity Facts

Status and trends of biodiversity, including benefits from biodiversity and ecosystem services

Togo is one of the smallest countries in West Africa however comprises various ecosystems types, such as aquatic ecosystems, mangroves and several forest types. Three amphibian species and one plant species are endemic to the country. Recently conducted research has revealed that Togo presently hosts 3,501 spontaneous species of terrestrial flora (compared to 3,428 confirmed in 2009); 240 new aquatic species are described increasing their number to 501; 4,019 animal species (compared to 3,700 in 2009); and 170 species of mushrooms... More »

Main pressures on and drivers of change to biodiversity (direct and indirect)

The main threats to biodiversity are ecosystem degradation, alien invasive species, overexploitation of plant resources, the absence of a system for monitoring fauna, poaching, among others.

Measures to Enhance Implementation of the Convention

Implementation of the NBSAP

Developed in 2003, Togo’s first NBSAP addressed four main areas: strengthening legal and institutional capacity; establishment of a national conservation framework; support for ex situ conservation; support for the sustainable use and equitable sharing of benefits derived from biodiversity. Ten objectives were formulated and, although certain actions have produced positive outcomes (e.g... More »

Actions taken to achieve the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets

An international fair on biodiversity was organized in Lomé in 2013.

Initiatives for creating and managing forest communities have been undertaken by local communities with the support of civil society organizations, which has resulted in the creation of community forests, such as Alibi I, Natchambonga, Ando-Kpomey, Pessaré and Bago... More »

Support mechanisms for national implementation (legislation, funding, capacity-building, coordination, mainstreaming, etc.)

Togo is increasingly integrating biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into development strategies. This is illustrated in the Strategy for Accelerating Growth and Promoting Employment (SCAPE) (2013-2017), particularly in regard to Strategic Priority 1 which addresses the development of sectors with high growth potential thereby promoting the protection and development of forests and particular ecosystems, among other actions... More »

Mechanisms for monitoring and reviewing implementation

A mechanism for overall monitoring and reviewing implementation in the country is lacking.

National Contacts

Full details of national contacts »

Convention on Biological Diversity

M. Kotchikpa Okoumassou
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, SBSTTA NFP, Protected Areas NFP
Ouro-Djeri Essowe
GSPC NFP
Dr. Kouami Kokou
GTI NFP

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

M. Kotchikpa Okoumassou
Cartagena Protocol Primary NFP
Ms. Amah Atutonu
BCH NFP

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  • United Nations Environment Programme