Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
Spain is currently in the process of revising its biodiversity strategy in light of the 2010 goals. Provisions of the revised strategy will be incorporated in the Law on Patrimony and Biodiversity, still in draft form and which will eventually replace the existing Law 4/1989 on the Conservation of Natural Spaces and Wild Flora and Fauna... More »
Initiatives in Protected Areas
Since 1998, the number of protected areas has increased by 59% and the amount of protected surface by 53%. More than half of the protected areas have been designated as being of international importance, including 37 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves and 63 RAMSAR wetlands.
The percentage of protected areas increased considerably following the transfer of executive and legislative powers to the autonomous communities in the 1980s, and the consequent promulgation of regional laws for nature conservation... More »
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
Spain is currently witnessing a decline in traditional knowledge and associated genetic resources. This trend entails an enormous loss in agricultural and ethno-botanical heritage, as well as in the techniques involved in resource cultivation, usage, preparation and storage. Protection of traditional knowledge and the sustainable use of the resources of Spain’s ethnic and cultural groups are being promoted both through the national and sectoral biodiversity strategies and plans, as well as through the respective strategies of the autonomous communities that more competently address these issues... More »