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Burkina Faso - Main Details

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Status and Trends of Biodiversity


Located in the heart of West Africa, Burkina Faso possesses interesting sites such as the Pics de Sindou, the Karfiguela Waterfall, the Sacred Dafra Pond, and the Tengréla Lake. In addition, the Hippopotamus Pond and the Oursi Pond have been established as Ramsar sites. Burkina Faso has suffered from frequent droughts since the 1970’s. The drastic climatic conditions, together with harmful human activities have greatly contributed to the degradation of agricultural soils. The country’s economy is essentially based on agriculture and breeding (85% of the population works in these fields). Some of Burkina Faso’s threatened species include panthers, elephants, crocodiles, and pythons.

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

The global objective of the NBSAP is to ensure that populations manage biodiversity in a sustainable manner by 2025. The document emphasizes the need to motivate the population to preserve species and restore habitats, and to manage natural resources in a dynamic and sustainable manner. In addition, specific objectives have been established, such as: increasing agricultural, pastoral and timber production; protecting and restoring renewable natural resources; ensuring that the population’s needs are fulfilled (ex. energy); and improving the quality of the environment. The objective of the action plan is to implement, in the pre-determined five-year period, realistic actions for the preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by involving populations and giving them a sense of responsibility in regard to these issues.

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme