Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
Several measures have been taken in order to achieve the 2010 biodiversity target. The priority national target is the conservation and sustainable use of one of Europe’s most important inland water region, Belarus Polesje, located in the southern part of the country. As noted above, SPA coverage is intended to reach around 9% of the country’s territory. Also, all the species included into the Red Book are under strict protection, and conservation or restoration measures are considered and applied. By 2015, the system of the State Inventory of the country’s flora should be fully completed. Many sectors such as hunting, fishing and forestry are regulated. For example, as a result of the government’s regulations, there is a steady increase of the forest cover. The rehabilitation of degraded lands, marshes in particular, is one of the utmost priorities for the country. Local strategies for sustainable development, management of invasive alien species, adaptation to climate change, conservation of genetic diversity, increased land use effectiveness and protection of the soil surface, improved air quality, and rational use of water resources constitute some of the other aspects discussed in the Third National Report.
Initiatives in Protected Areas
In December 2005, a Specially Protected Areas system was established in which concrete biodiversity targets exist for each SPA. Among other actions related to protected areas, the country intends to increase the SPA system in order to cover around 9% of the territory by 2015. Furthermore, the State of Belarus plans to use the potential of the SPAs to contribute to the European ecological network. Measures are being taken to coordinate the SPA system of Belarus with the systems of contiguous countries. Trans-border ecological corridors are currently being developed. Also, several actions are undertaken in the Pripyat Marshes (Pripyatskoye Polesje).