Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
Several measures have been taken to achieve the 2010 target, such as the creation of the Natura 2000 network, the establishment of the Forestry and Agriculture Genetic Resources Board, and the creation of the FIBRE research project to assess the viability, biodiversity and conservation prospects of small populations such as dragonflies, sticky catchly (Lychnis viscaria) and hunting spiders (Lycosa sp.). The Finnish Government has also resolved to prepare a national programme to promote sustainable production and consumption. In November 2003, the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Trade and Industry appointed a committee to draft proposals for this programme which should be issued in May 2005. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has provided funding since 2001 for local land use planning related to agricultural biodiversity, encouraging farmers to manage ecologically valuable areas through such planning. This form of planning helps to keep farmers, landowners and local residents informed about ecologically valuable features and areas. Finland has published a review of the current situation regarding invasive alien species, which recommends mitigation measures. Management plans and their targets will be included in the national alien invasive species report developed by year 2007. Finland´s National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change, finalized in 2004, addresses the impact of climate change on different sectors, ecosystems and environments. Finally, a new decision made in February 2005 by The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry includes an action plan to harmonize forestry activities with the Sami’s reindeer husbandry activities in Upper Lapland.
Initiatives in Protected Areas
In 1996, the Finnish government’s ministerial economic policy committee approved a nature conservation funding programme for 1996-2007, with money earmarked for the implementation of conservation programmes, land acquisition for the State, and compensation for landowners. In 2003 the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) launched a study to evaluate the status of Finnish biotopes, which will result in a Red list of Finland’s threatened biotopes, due to be published in 2007. In 2004, the government decided to complete the national Natura 2000 network, bringing the total area of proposed Natura 2000 sites to around 4.9 million hectares. Terrestrial sites cover 73% of the Natura 2000 network whereas inland and marine water sites cover 27% of the network. Almost all of the proposed Natura 2000 sites (97 %) have already been established as protected areas through national decisions, or are already included in national conservation programmes, or are otherwise protected. The Metsähallitus Natural Heritage Services published in 2005 the findings of a comprehensive international evaluation of the management effectiveness of protected areas in Finland. The first State of the Parks Report will be published in 2006.
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
The indigenous Sami Parliament is a member in the Finnish National Biodiversity Committee and its monitoring group. Financial support is provided for reporting on national measures and for cooperation with the SCBD according to the Artic report 2005. Finland co-finances the GEF´s ECORA-project, whose aim is to apply the ecosystem approach to conserve biodiversity in three model areas inhabited by indigenous peoples in Russian Arctic.