Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Hungary’s location in the Carpathian Basin implies not only diversity, but also a particular uniformity and uniqueness, resulting in the formation of a special Hungarian biogeographic region, the Pannonian Biogeographic region (or Pannonicum) recognized by the European Union. According to present-day knowledge, Hungary’s diversity contains approximately 600 species of moss, 2,200 species of vascular plants, 2,500 species of fungi and 42,000 species of animals. As a result of the geographical isolation of the Carpathian Basin, there are also a number of endemic species. 695 plant species, 965 animal species and 35 mushroom species are protected by national law. Since its accession to the European Union (EU), Hungary complies with the obligation to protect species of Community importance listed in the Habitats and Wild Birds Directives of the EU.
Number and Extent of Protected Areas
In many cases the various types of protected areas are overlapping in Hungary. Today, 9.3% of the country’s territory is protected natural area, 12% of which is under strict protection. Approximately 21% of Hungary is part of the European Union’s Natura 2000 network and almost 39% of the Natura 2000 areas are protected at national level.
Percentage of Forest Cover
Currently, forests in Hungary cover 19.9 % of the country. Approximately 21 % of the forests are protected or strictly protected natural areas. Hungary has designated 63 forest reserves, where all human activities are permanently suspended in order to allow natural processes to prevail.