Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
In 2004, Slovakia became a member state of the European Union (EU) thus nearly all its legal system has been harmonized with that of the EU, including legislation related to the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components and fair sharing of the benefits arising out from its utilization. National red lists of protected animal species are developed for all groups of vertebrates and for selected groups of invertebrates. However, data on species are missing, especially for invertebrates. The Rural Development Plan of the Slovak republic 2004 – 2006 includes specific measures such as the support of agricultural and pasture management with an appropriate environmentally-friendly intensity, and the renewal of the ecological stability of agricultural landscape through the protection and restoration of networks of eco-stabilization elements. In terms of forest biodiversity, Slovakia is collaborating with the Ministerial Conferences on the Protection of Forests in Europe, the European Forest Genetic Resources Network, the Pan-European Forest Certification System, and Pro-Silva to promote conservation and sustainable use. In addition, the Forest Policy Concept recognizes as one of its objectives the sustainable development of forests and conservation of forest biodiversity. The National Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management have been developed since 2004 and the National Pan-European Forest Certification system has been under development since 2001.
Initiatives in Protected Areas
A proposal for the Natura 2000 network of protected areas was prepared according to the criteria laid down in the Habitat Directive. The existing protected sites relevant to Natura 2000 include 38 Special Protection Areas covering 25.2 % of Slovakia’s territory and 384 proposed Sites of Conservation Interest covering 11.76 % of the territory. In 2004, a system of protected areas to conserve forest genetic resources through long-term protected Gene Reserve Forests and temporarily protected Approved Seed Collection Stands was endorsed by the Parliament. General Protection of landscape is ensured through ecological networks referred to as Territorial System of Ecological Stability. The foundation of this system is represented by biocentres, biocorridors and interactive elements of national, regional and local interest.
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
The Slovak Environmental Agency has developed activities through the Rural Development Programme aimed at the preservation of original rural architecture and traditional management of land. European Union Directives also ensure the preservation and use of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices in the agrofood branches. In conformity with these Directives, the National Programme for agricultural goods and food production support was adopted by Ministry of Agriculture.