Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
Law N° 94-0 of January 20, 1994 was implemented to support the forest, fauna and fish systems: Art. 22(1) states; “ the permanent forests must cover a minimum of 30% of the total area of the national territory, and must represent the ecological diversity of the country.” With the creation of MINEP, other types of protected areas will be categorized (i.e. mountains, lakes, marine protected areas etc.). In each of the defined ecosystems, several programmes and projects have either been implemented or are in the process of being created. Many of these projects involve the creation of protected areas, nature and game reserves.
Initiatives in Protected Areas
The objective of the state of Cameroon is to have 30% of its national territory declared as protected area; at the moment the number stands at a little over 15%. Currently, research is being done on the large marine ecosystem. Environmental Impact Assessment guidelines have been applied, and adhered to when dealing with protected areas. An example would be the creation of the National Parks of Ma’an, Mbam and Djerem as mitigative measures for the building of the Tchad pipeline. There was the development of the FEM program that assures the formation of Eco-guards, and training in forest and wildlife is provided through appropriate courses and schooling.
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
Representatives from associations of traditional-practitioners participated in regional, national and international workshops organized by the Scientific Board of the Commonwealth, in Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria and India, dealing with biodiversity in traditional medicinal practices. The PNVRA (Programme National de Vulgarisation et de Recherche Agricole) offers the opportunity for researchers to work in conjunction with local peoples to improve their knowledge while including, if necessary, notions on the subject of new technologies. The PNDP (Programme National de Dévélopment Participatif) involves local communities in the sustainable development processes. The creation of community forests and hunting zones, gives the local communities the power to sustainably manage the forest and fauna resources. The RICG (Renforcement des Initiatives de Gestion Communautaire) assures the communities financial and technical support in the sustainable management of their natural resources. The Pilot committees for the planning and management of protected areas reinforce the management capabilities of local populations in these areas.