Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
One of Djibouti’s national objectives is to conserve biodiversity in-situ in zones of ecological significance at the national or international level. The country has created several terrestrial and marine protected areas, although they are not currently under surveillance. Measures, such as awareness raising workshops, have been taken in areas where some species, like marine turtles, are illegally exploited. Environmental concerns have been integrated into some sectoral activities, such as fisheries. Furthermore, many programmes encourage the conservation and sustainable use of resources. However, the level of poverty experienced by the population constitutes a serious obstacle. Several other measures related to the monitoring of illegal fishing, trade of wild animals, and cutting of living trees have been taken. Djibouti possesses one of the biggest ports in the region, therefore monitoring of marine pollution is very important. The protection of natural sites that are important for tourism is among the other issues mentioned in the Third National Report. Although several issues have been identified, there are unfortunately few actions being implemented in the field due to the lack of human, financial and technical capacities.
Initiatives in Protected Areas
One of the objectives is to ban all human activities in protected areas so they can become refuges for many animal species. In 2000, new zones that could potentially become protected areas have been identified. These areas have been chosen notably because they are home to rare plant and animal species
Initiatives in Access and Benefit Sharing
Djibouti established a partnership with the laboratory of plant biotechnology of Riyad in Saudi Arabia following the donation of varieties of date palm plants present in Saudi Arabia. The country also mentions that a treaty may be signed with the “Institut de la Recherche pour le Développement de Montpellier” (France). In addition, Djibouti has signed three international conventions in regard to intellectual property.
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
A development programme regarding date palm plants is being implemented.