Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
Ex. Situ Conservation: Ex situ conservation facilities are established at Yezin, under the Department of Agricultural and Research, Ministry for Agriculture and Irrigation. 13,046 accessions for 28 crop species were collected and 9,005 accessions have been fully characterized and placed under cold storage. In addition, a Biodiversity Museum has been established in Hlawka National Park.
Education and Public Awareness: In the curriculum of the Basic Education level, there are biodiversity related sections mainly in lessons concerning biology and / or knowledge of the environment. In higher education, formal courses relevant to biodiversity conservation are still limited to a few schools. New courses being offered include B.Sc Molecular Biology, Biotechnology, Environmental Studies and Microbiology. Also available are B.Sc Forestry, agriculture, Botany and Zoology courses, which are usually the jump-off courses to more specialized fields like taxonomy, genetic, pharmacology, agronomy, ecology, entomology, crop science, and plant breeding, among others. In recent years government has been carrying out dissemination activities related directly or indirectly to biodiversity. These include painting contest, photo contests, TV programmes, documentaries and the celebration of several days e.g World environment Day, International Biological Diversity Day, Earth Day, Tree Planting Month and so forth. In addition, the Ministry of Forestry produces a quarterly forestry magazines and pamphlet. Periodicals issued by some magazine producer include biodiversity topics, and editors invite writers to write about environment and biodiversity related issues. Environmental Education Centers have been established in Hlawka National Park and Popa Mountain Park.
Initiatives in Access and Benefit Sharing
Prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms are being practiced in various sectors, particularly for scientific research purposes, in which MOUs or MOAs are major instruments. There is no specific capacity building programme, but some projects have relevant components to build institutional capacity.
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
Community Forestry Instructions (CFI) have some provisions to respect the knowledge, innovations and practices of local communities. CFI have been practiced since 1995 to encourage local communities to establish forest plantations by using their traditional knowledge and expertise.