Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Although Mauritania’s biodiversity suffers greatly from natural phenomena such as desertification and droughts, the country possesses areas of special interest with regards to biodiversity. The Parc National du Banc d’Arguin is a vast wetland comprising a great variety of birds and animals. Moreover, Mauritania is home to the biggest wader population in the world and millions of migratory birds come to the country to stay through the winter months. As is the case for most countries, human activities are also threatening biodiversity resources. Many agrobiological resources that are essential to Mauritania’s food security are now threatened notably because of inappropriate agricultural practices. In addition, illegal trafficking, diseases in animal population, killings of animals considered harmful, and bush fires contribute to the degradation of natural resources. Several of the country’s species are now threatened such as the Dorcas gazelle, the Addax, the Roan Antelope, the ostrich, the crocodile, and the manatee.