Status and Trends of Biodiversity
The greatest diversity of life in the Maldives occurs in the coral reefs of this island nation. At least 1090 species of fish and 187 coral species have been recorded. The islands are typical coral islands with limited life on land. About 583 species of plants have been recorded, 260 of which are believed to be native or naturalized, and 323 species constitute cultivated plants that were introduced for agriculture and ornamental purposes. In addition, some 170 bird species have been identified. Habitat destruction and overexploitation are major threats to Maldives’ biodiversity. In addition, coastal development activities adversely affect the reefs around such areas.