English  |  Español  |  Français

Maldives - Country Profile

Show map

Status and Trends of Biodiversity


The greatest diversity of life in the Maldives occurs in the coral reefs of this island nation. At least 1090 species of fish and 187 coral species have been recorded. The islands are typical coral islands with limited life on land. About 583 species of plants have been recorded, 260 of which are believed to be native or naturalized, and 323 species constitute cultivated plants that were introduced for agriculture and ornamental purposes. In addition, some 170 bird species have been identified. Habitat destruction and overexploitation are major threats to Maldives’ biodiversity. In addition, coastal development activities adversely affect the reefs around such areas.

National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan

Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

The three goals of the NBSAP are: conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; capacity building for biodiversity conservation through a strong governance framework and improved knowledge and understanding; and community participation, ownership and support for biodiversity conservation. The major objectives and actions identified relate to: integration of biodiversity conservation into development processes; policies for sustainable use; in-situ and ex-situ conservation; management of threatening processes; economic incentives; knowledge and understanding; awareness raising; strengthened legal and institutional framework; development of human resources; capacity building; community participation; and implementation.

Rate this page - 65 people have rated this page 
  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme