Status and Trends of Biodiversity
Malawi is one of the countries with the largest number and the most diverse communities of freshwater fish in the world. Malawi possesses over 800 species of fish, and 90% of them are endemic. Lake Malawi is a well-known attraction, being the country’s largest water body (covering about 20% of Malawi’s territory) and the most significant water body in terms of fish production and diversity. In 1975, 47% of Malawi was classified as forest but this seems to have reduced to 28% in 2000. The country has diverse flora, fauna and ecosystems due to its various climates, soils and topography. Increasing population pressure, deforestation, agricultural expansion, loss of habitats, habitat fragmentation, invasive species, inadequacy of policies, market failures, and pollution are threats to the country’s biodiversity.