National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan
Major features of National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan
The national strategy is integrated into several national government policy papers and programmes. The main ones are:
1. Policy paper ”Nature for People, People for Nature” (2000) Important instruments in this policy paper are: Flora and Fauna Act. This Act regulates protection of plant and animal species living in the wild. It includes those aspects of the EU Habitats Directive and Wild Birds Directive dealing with species protection, and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; Nature Conservation Act. In addition to nature area protection regulated under the Wild Birds and Habitats Directives, the Nature Conservation Act of 1 October 2005 also regulates the conservation of wetlands and nature monuments; Active species policy. Policy is aimed at drafting and implementing of national species protection plans. Red Lists for plant and animal species under threat have been drawn up. A specific policy paper and measures for invasive alien species have also been put in place; National Ecological Network. In addition to the statutory protection of a number of nature areas, the Netherlands is also working on the National Ecological Network, a coherent network of nature areas. The National Ecological Network is intended to link up with nature areas in Germany and Belgium in the future, to strengthen the Pan-European Ecological Network (PEEN).
2. 4th National Environment Policy Paper (2001) and Environment Agenda (2006) These papers address environmental problems such as climate change, overexploitation of natural resources that effect biodiversity. They also contain goals for achieving sustainable production and consumption while preserving biodiversity.
3. Government Position Paper on Tropical Rainforests (1991) This paper describes the Dutch policies with regard to protecting, managing and exploiting the tropical rain forest in such a way that its conservation is guaranteed.
4. 4th National Policy Document on Water (1998) The main aim of the Dutch government is to develop sustainable watersystems worldwide. More detail can be found in the programme "Partners for Water”.
5. National 2010 Biodiversity Action Programme In 2007, a “national 2010 biodiversity action programme” will be published which indicates specific priorities and needs for intensification of existing policy measures in the Netherlands.