Implementation of the Convention
Measures Taken to Achieve the 2010 Target
Tunisia, for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity, has established a National Strategy and Action plan, which defines long and short-term goals, at all levels, for the conservation of biodiversity. Several programmes for improving the management of protected areas have been elaborated. These programmes also take into account the conservation of flora and fauna. Creation of new protected areas, which are currently in progress at an advanced stage, includes Orbata, l’Oued Dekouk (6000ha) and Zaghouan (2000ha). Several other priority actions include: the protection of inland waters and humid zones for fauna, and avian protection in particular; preservation of biodiversity in the forest, mountain, agricultural and littoral and coastal zones; creation of specialized documents for the level of educational institutions (e.g. glossary of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants); the setting up of a Gene Bank for the ex situ conservation of genetic resources; elaboration and implementation of several laws for the protection of the country’s natural and cultural heritage; and the rehabilitation of several degraded habitats. In addition, Tunisia is currently undertaking the actualization of its National Study and National Action Plan, which aim to take in consideration the news goals, thematic and cross-cutting programmes of the CBD and to contribute to achieving the 2010 target.
Initiatives in Protected Areas
Tunisia has planned several short, medium and long-term actions that will aid in guaranteeing and effective conservation, in particular for wild species and their habitats. Efforts have been developed for: the establishment of studies to identify new criteria for the identification of potential protected areas; creation of new marine and terrestrial protected areas; implementation of legislation to improve and reinforce the management of existing protected areas; and the extension of existing protected areas.
Initiatives in Access and Benefit Sharing
Access to genetic resources is limited to those activities included in some bilateral and multilateral research and development projects in accordance with mutually agreed terms. Tunisia is adhering to the FAO International Treaty for Plant Genetic Resources, which helps establish an international system for conservation and sustainable use of phytogenetic resources. This treaty helps reinforce national system of agricultural research and the implementation of the Convention.
Initiatives for Article 8(j)
Among the objectives of the research carried out was the evaluation of local genetic resources and the capabilities they possess. The programs established aim to: reinforce capacities to allow for small scale agriculture, not adapted to modern intensive practices; keep in place viable production systems based on local cultivars and valuate them; involve local communities in the decision-making process dealing with restrictive genetic technology. Several projects in Tunisia have been developed in order to encourage participation of women in socio-economic issues for improvement of quality of life, credit benefits, and grants for projects where sustainable use and conservation of biological resources are implicated.