Ecosystem Approach Sourcebook - Case-Study Details

 
1. Project Details
Author or Responsible Organization R D Smith and E Maltby. (2003) 'Using the Ecosystem Approach to Implement the Convention on Biological Diversity: Key issues and case studies. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK x + 118pp.
Project Title East African Marine ecoregion project
Date of Publication
Project Status Ongoing
Project Start Date
Project End Date
Countries
Regions Africa
Funding Source
 
2. Background to Project
Project Issue/Problem Statement The overall goal of the project is to maintain a well functioning ecoregion where representative species and habitats are conserved and people use marine resources in a sustainable manner.
Project Description The main focus of the project is to protect key sites, processes and wildlife populations in the marine and coastal habitats by promoting the implementation of policies and practices that support protection and wise use of marine resources. The other goal is to strengthen the capacities of local, national and regional institutions, enabling them to effectively participate in the conservation and wise use of the marine resources of the East African Marine ecoregion. An ecoregion-based conservation approach was used, encompassing multi-disciplinary approaches, stakeholder participation, partnership development and adaptive management. The implementation of the project specifically sought to identify the biological situation in the field and the threats affecting resources. The major steps taken were a reconnaissance, biological and socio-economic assessments, and development of a biological vision and ecoregion plan for the implementation of project activities.
Highlighted Aspects of Ecosystem Approach • Both biophysical and socio-economic aspects need to be addressed in the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems. • The project approach is multi-disciplinary and encompasses stakeholder participation and adaptive management. • T he project addresses the conservation and sustainable use objectives of the CBD.
Conclusions • It is difficult, in practice, to identify and fix the exact boundaries of ecoregions. They should be left flexible and adaptable depending on the nature of the ecoregion. • In order to use an ecoregion approach, there is need to have reliable technical and scientific information. • Although the mobilization of stakeholders across country boundaries may be difficult, it is an important aspect of the ecoregion approach. • Ongoing activities and initiatives need to be recognised and utilized when using the ecoregion approach.
 
3. Sectors and Biomes
Sectors Fisheries
Biomes Marine and Coastal Biodiversity
 
4. Tools and Approaches
Tools and Approaches   Relevance
Score
  Further
Information
Public Participation 3-High
Education and Awareness 3-High
- Communication 3-High
Management and Incentives 3-High
- Adaptive management 3-High
Data, Monitoring and Modelling 3-High
- Data collection 3-High
Cross-sectoral Research and Working 3-High
 
5. Issues
Issues   Relevance
Score
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity 3-High
 
6. Ecosystem Approach
Principles and Operational Guidance   Relevance
Score
  Reason
(Only if NOT relevant)
Principle 1: The objectives of management of land, water and living resources are a matter of societal choices 3-High
Principle 2: Management should be decentralized to the lowest appropriate level 3-High
Principle 3: Ecosystem managers should consider the effects (actual or potential) of their activities on adjacent and other ecosystems 3-High
Principle 4: Recognizing potential gains from management, there is usually a need to understand and manage the ecosystem in an economic context 3-High
Principle 5: Conservation of ecosystem structure and functioning, in order to maintain ecosystem services, should be a priority target of the ecosystem approach 3-High
Principle 7: The ecosystem approach should be undertaken at the appropriate spatial and temporal scales 3-High
Principle 8: Recognizing the varying temporal scales and lag-effects that characterize ecosystem processes, objectives for ecosystem management should be set for the long term 3-High
Principle 9: Management must recognize the change is inevitable 3-High
Principle 10: The ecosystem approach should seek the appropriate balance between, and integration of, conservation and use of biological diversity 3-High
Principle 11: The ecosystem approach should consider all forms of relevant information, including scientific and indigenous and local knowledge, innovations and practices 3-High
Principle 12: The ecosystem approach should involve all relevant sectors of society and scientific disciplines 3-High
Operational Guidance A: Focus on the relationships and processes within ecosystem 3-High
Operational Guidance C: Use adaptive management practices 3-High
Operational Guidance D: Carry out management actions at the scale appropriate for the issue being addressed, with decentralization to lowest level, as appropriate 3-High
Operational Guidance E: Ensure intersectoral cooperation 3-High
 
7. Lessons Learned and the Outcomes
Lessons Learned • It is difficult, in practice, to identify and fix the exact boundaries of ecoregions. They should be left flexible and adaptable depending on the nature of the ecoregion. • In order to use an ecoregion approach, there is need to have reliable technical and scientific information. • Although the mobilization of stakeholders across country boundaries may be difficult, it is an important aspect of the ecoregion approach. • Ongoing activities and initiatives need to be recognised and utilized when using the ecoregion approach.
Outcomes
Other Information
 
8. References
References Smith, R.D. & Maltby, E. (2003) Using the Ecosystem Approach to Implement the Convention on Biodiversity: Key issues and case studies. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, Uk x + 118pp.
 
9. Contact Details
Contact Person Ms. Diana Mortimer
Job Title Ecosystem Approach Officer
Organization Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Address Monkstone House, City Road,
Postal Code PE13 4LA
City Peterborough
ZIP/State/Province Cambs
Telephone +44 1733 866857
Fax +44 1733 555948
E-mail Address diana.mortimer@jncc.gov.uk
 
 

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