Ecosystem Approach Sourcebook - Case-Study Details

 
1. Project Details
Author or Responsible Organization R D Smith and E Maltby. (2003) 'Using the Ecosystem Approach to Implement the Convention on Biological Diversity: Key issues and case studies. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK x + 118pp.
Project Title Inter-institutional initiative for biodiversity conservation,Pampas Region,Argentina
Date of Publication
Project Status Ongoing
Project Start Date
Project End Date
Countries Argentina
Regions Latin America and the Caribbean
Funding Source
 
2. Background to Project
Project Issue/Problem Statement The expansion and intensification of the agriculture and livestock industry have had destructive impacts in the pampas landscape and ecosystems. In order to minimise these environmental impacts, it was necessary to design environmentally sound agricultural and cattle-raising practices.
Project Description The Inter-Institutional Initiative for Biodiversity Conservation of the Pampas Region (BIOPAMPA)is a joint effort coordinated by various private and governmental sectors. It is oriented to the conservation and sustainable use of this region, under the auspices of the Argentinean IUCN Committee and the Regional IUCN Office for South- America (IUCN-SUR). BIOPAMPA has the following objectives:(1)contribute to the effectiveness of action priorities identified in the National Biodiversity Strategy by means of the formulation of regional inter-sectoral programmes based on the Ecosystem Approach;(2) consolidate knowledge and improve communication and cooperation among institutions;(3)incorporate rural agricultural and cattle-raising producers into the Initiative; and (4)incorporate the different organisations and levels of political decision-making into the initiative. An inter-institutional workshop was organised and a series of encounters among the different sectors directly involved with the agriculture and livestock industry were planned. Fieldwork guides on the sustainable use of resources are in preparation. Relevant sites have been identified and mapped to advance the bio-regional planning process.
Highlighted Aspects of Ecosystem Approach • The case study simultaneously addressed conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of the benefits. • BIOPAMPA, through universities, NGOs and other organisations, carried out research activities that aimed to increase scientific knowledge about the taxonomy, phytogeography, populations and functioning of the ecosystem. •The main goods and services provided by the ecosystem ’s biodiversity were identified as: soil protection; partial barrier for the invasion of alien species; natural mechanisms for the control of plague species; habitat for endangered species; habitat for the productive management of the wild fauna; management options for the improvement or domestication of new cultivable species; ecotourism and sports hunting; grazing lands; water retention; pharmacological substances and aesthetic and spiritual values. The beneficiaries of these goods and services were the cattle-raising and agricultural producers; the pharmacological and plant development companies; and researchers and society in general. • BIOPAMPA expects to use an adaptive strategy, especially for the monitoring phase. • The regional pampas ecosystem was chosen as the appropriate scale of management. • The BIOPAMPA strategy included using inter-sectoral group linkages. Several biodiversity-related organisations were invited to formally join the initiative in order to strengthen its activities and help it to have an impact with decision makers. In total,37 research and conservation projects have joined the Initiative, along with other important government and agricultural producer organisations.
Conclusions • Early involvement of the various sectors,particularly at the local level,is essential for success. • High-level political support is a key aspect of the success of the initiative. • It is necessary to work with the media in order to publicise the initiative,mainly because politicians are very sensitive to the media and social demands.
 
3. Sectors and Biomes
Sectors Agriculture
Biomes Agricultural Biodiversity
 
4. Tools and Approaches
Tools and Approaches   Relevance
Score
  Further
Information
Public Participation 3-High
- Methods for stakeholder consultation 3-High
Education and Awareness 3-High
- Communication 3-High
Management and Incentives 3-High
- Environmental accounting 3-High
Cross-sectoral Research and Working 3-High
 
5. Issues
Issues   Relevance
Score
Invasive Alien Species 3-High
Public Participation 3-High
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity 3-High
 
6. Ecosystem Approach
Principles and Operational Guidance   Relevance
Score
  Reason
(Only if NOT relevant)
Principle 1: The objectives of management of land, water and living resources are a matter of societal choices 3-High
Principle 2: Management should be decentralized to the lowest appropriate level 3-High
Principle 4: Recognizing potential gains from management, there is usually a need to understand and manage the ecosystem in an economic context 3-High
Principle 5: Conservation of ecosystem structure and functioning, in order to maintain ecosystem services, should be a priority target of the ecosystem approach 3-High
Principle 6: Ecosystem must be managed within the limits of their functioning 3-High
Principle 7: The ecosystem approach should be undertaken at the appropriate spatial and temporal scales 3-High
Principle 8: Recognizing the varying temporal scales and lag-effects that characterize ecosystem processes, objectives for ecosystem management should be set for the long term 3-High
Principle 10: The ecosystem approach should seek the appropriate balance between, and integration of, conservation and use of biological diversity 3-High
Principle 11: The ecosystem approach should consider all forms of relevant information, including scientific and indigenous and local knowledge, innovations and practices 3-High
Principle 12: The ecosystem approach should involve all relevant sectors of society and scientific disciplines 3-High
Operational Guidance A: Focus on the relationships and processes within ecosystem 3-High
Operational Guidance B: Enhance benefit-sharing 3-High
Operational Guidance C: Use adaptive management practices 3-High
Operational Guidance D: Carry out management actions at the scale appropriate for the issue being addressed, with decentralization to lowest level, as appropriate 3-High
Operational Guidance E: Ensure intersectoral cooperation 3-High
 
7. Lessons Learned and the Outcomes
Lessons Learned • Early involvement of the various sectors,particularly at the local level,is essential for success. • High-level political support is a key aspect of the success of the initiative. • It is necessary to work with the media in order to publicise the initiative,mainly because politicians are very sensitive to the media and social demands.
Outcomes
Other Information
 
8. References
References Smith, R.D. & Maltby, E. (2003) Using the Ecosystem Approach to Implement the Convention on Biodiversity: Key issues and case studies. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, Uk x + 118pp.
 
9. Contact Details
Contact Person Ms. Diana Mortimer
Job Title Ecosystem Approach Officer
Organization Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Address Monkstone House, City Road,
Postal Code PE13 4LA
City Peterborough
ZIP/State/Province Cambs
Telephone +44 1733 866857
Fax +44 1733 555948
E-mail Address diana.mortimer@jncc.gov.uk
 
 

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  • United Nations Environment Programme