Transportation through land, air and sea result in emissions of carbon dioxide as well as issues such as water, waste, noise. Shipping moves approximatly 80% of the worlds commodites.
Shell has been operating in Canada since 1911, and is now one of the country’s largest integrated oil and gas companies. Headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, Shell Canada employs more than 8,200 people across Canada and represented nearly a third of all global recruitment in 2008. Shell Canada holds approximately 30% of Royal Dutch Shell’s global resource base. A leading manufacturer, distributor and marketer of refined petroleum products, Shell produces natural gas, natural gas liquids and bitumen, and is Canada’s largest producer of sulphur. Shell is one of Canada’s largest oil sands developers.
Suncor Energy Inc. is Canada’s largest integrated energy company, with its head office in Calgary, Alberta. Suncor combines a leading position in oil sands with complementary operations in refining and marketing, natural gas production and conventional oil production internationally and off shore East Coast Canada. The company’s oil sands business, located near Fort McMurray, Alberta, produces bitumen recovered from oil sands through mining and in-situ technology and upgrades it into refinery feedstock, diesel fuel and by-products. Suncor operates four refineries with a capacity of approximately 433,000 barrels-per-day and one specialty lubricants plant producing more than 350 automotive, industrial and food grade lubricants and greases. Its retail and wholesale network includes more than 1,500 Petro-Canada outlets in Canada, and 165 Phillips 66 outlets in Colorado, United States. In addition to its petroleum business, Suncor has invested in four wind power projects and operates Canada’s largest ethanol production facility. The company has a market capitalization of $58 billion Canadian (as of October 30, 2009).
Syncrude Canada Ltd., located in the Athabasca Oil Sands, Alberta, is the world’s largest producer of synthetic crude oil from oil sands and the largest single-source producer in Canada. It supplies about 13% of Canada’s oil requirements and has approximately 5 billion barrels of proven and probable reserves. Syncrude has a production capacity of 350,000 barrels per day with an expected capacity of 425,000 barrels per day by 2020. The company is a joint venture with seven partners, including Canadian Oil Sands Limited, Imperial Oil, Suncor Energy, Nexen, ConocoPhillips, Mocal Energy and Murphy Oil. Syncrude is not traded directly, but rather through the individual partners. Syncrude employs more than 5,000 employees with an additional 1,500 contractors supporting its operations. Since start-up in 1978, Syncrude has made payments in excess of $10 billion for payroll and to governments for royalties, municipal taxes and other Crown charges.
Weyerhaeuser, one of the world’s largest forest products companies, has offices or operations in 10 countries with customers worldwide. Weyerhaeuser is principally engaged in the growing and harvesting of timber; the manufacture, distribution and sale of forest products; as well as real estate development. It is the world’s largest private sector owner of softwood timberland and holds logging rights to more than 5.35 million hectares of land in Canada. Weyerhaeuser has approximately 16,500 employees globally including approximately 1,900 employees at 7 operations in Canada. Canadian operations currently include facilities in the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Ontario, producing a range of pulp, lumber and engineered wood products for Canadian and international markets.
The Dean Foods WhiteWaves division buy more that 1.5 million bushels of organic soybeans farmed on more than 40,000 organic acres, for Dean Food’s Silk (Soya-Milk) products. Dean Foods have partnered with Conservation International to develop soy-sourcing guidelines, which incorporate environmental and social best practices from farmers and vendors.
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