This subsection provides case studies on the experiences of local authorities with regard to the implementation of the CBD and the 2010 biodiversity target, with a specific focus on one of the five themes listed below.
Urban Biodiversity Action Plans and Strategies based on Local Agenda 21 processes; application of the ecosystem approach to urban environments; climate change, biodiversity and cities: adaptation measures, microclimates and biodiversity; urban design, architecture and land-use planning considering biodiversity; etc.
Urban development and building, housing and construction/development; biodiversity-friendly public infrastructure and utilities as well as transportation; policy tools, legislation and regulations, operational licensing/permit guidelines, emission and pollution standards and norms, incentives for biodiversity-friendly developments; payment for ecosystem services of green urban areas; etc.
Managing protected areas/urban parks and use conflicts, research centers, conservation corridors in green belts around cities through systems such as biosphere reserves; conservation of urban riparian, aquatic and wetland ecosystems, watershed basins; promoting and supporting biodiversity facilities such as botanical gardens, zoos, aquaria, theme parks, museums; management of invasive alien species in urban environments; information and monitoring systems on urban biodiversity; etc.
Work with private sector, trade associations, and business and investment promotion agencies to enhance market benefits of biodiversity to business in urban areas through corporate social responsibility, benchmark programs and incentives; provide technical assistance and support to private developers, building and construction companies, and design/architecture firms and professional associations for biodiversity-friendly design and developments; etc.
Sustainable (and biodiversity-friendly) consumption guidelines, consumer education for life cycle analysis and biodiversity implications of consumption; encouraging social participation through urban beautification projects, tree planting and landscaping, community and home/roof gardens and green roofs; ensuring that public and private executives and decision makers take account of the contribution of biodiversity to quality of life, social justice and health; promoting environmental education through recreation and awareness campaigns; etc.