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Advancing More, Better and Faster Financing for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

South-South and Technical Cooperation

Basis for action:
"To identify, engage and increase South-South cooperation as complement to North-South cooperation to enhance technical, technological, scientific and financial cooperation"...Strategy for resource mobilization, objective 6.2

Indicators:
Number of South-South cooperation initiatives conducted by developing country Parties and those that may be supported by other Parties and relevant partners, as a complement to necessary North-South cooperation
Aggregated financial flows, in the amount and where relevant percentage, of biodiversity-related funding, per annum, for achieving the Convention’s three objectives, in South-South cooperation initiatives

Latin America and the Caribbean
Argentina 1. South-South and Triangular Cooperation of Argentina, Argentine Fund for horizontal Cooperation (Fo.ar), Ministry of foreign Affairs, international trade and Worship, Secretariat of Coordination and international Cooperation, General Directorate of international Cooperation
2. International Coordination and Cooperation Secretary
Bolivia Vice Ministerio de Inversión Pública y Financiamiento Externo- Cooperación Internacional
Brazil 1. South-South and triangular cooperation: The Brazilian Experience
2. Brazil's bilateral cooperation, South American cooperation, Brazilian Cooperation Agency, Group of Likeminded Megadiverse Countries, Agreement of the Lusophone Countries, Dialogue Forum India-Brazil-South Africa, Brazil-Africa Transatlantic Commission, and capacity issues
3. Brazilian Agency for International Cooperation
4. Brazilian Cooperation: a model under construction for an emerging power (ARI)
Chile International Cooperation Agency of Chile
Colombia Colombia’s Presidential Agency of International Cooperation
Costa Rica Programme for South-South Cooperation between Benin, Bhutan, Costa Rica and the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Ecuador Technical Secretary of International Cooperation
Mexico Triangular cooperation and as a donor, Mexican Agency for Development Cooperation
Peru Peruvian Agency of International Cooperation
Uruguay Uruguayan Agency of International Cooperation
Regional 1. Civil Society Organizations and Inclusive Partnerships for South-South Cooperation in Latin America
2. The New Boom in South-South Cooperation: The Experience of Ibero-America
3. Public Goods and Regional Cooperation for Development: A New Look
4. IDB: Regional Public Goods: an innovative approach to South-South Cooperation
5. UNDP: Mapping Multilateral Support to South-South Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Towards Collaborative Approaches, November 2011

Europe
Austria Submission 2014: 1. Improving Livelihoods through Knowledge Partnerships and Value Chains of Bee Products and Services in the Himalayas (ICIMOD); 2. FORED Forest Research for Development Partnership (Vienna University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences); 3. ENPI FLEG II Forest Law Enforcement and Governance: Complementary Measures to Georgia and Armenia (World Bank, IUCN, WWF); 4. Improving water management and protection of water-related ecosystems in the Lower Dniester Ramsar Site, Moldova (BIOTICA Ecological Society); 5. Empowering organizations of indigenous people and Sustainable Development in the Rio Negro Region, Brasilia (Horizont 3000, Instituto Socioambiental, FOIRN)
Denmark Counting North-South technical cooperation (over 60 projects0
France Counting technical cooperation financing
Germany Triangular Cooperation in German Development Cooperation
Netherlands Programme for South-South Cooperation between Benin, Bhutan, Costa Rica and the Kingdom of the Netherlands

General
IFAD South-south Cooperation in IFAD’s Operating Model, South-South cooperation in IFAD’s business model
OECD 1. Unlocking the Potential of South-South Cooperation: Policy Recommendations from the Task Team on South-South Cooperation
2. Triangular Co-operation and Aid Effectiveness: Can triangular co-operation make aid more effective?
United Nations 1. State of South-South Cooperation in 2013: thematic developments, Group of 77 and China, United Nations system for South-South Cooperation, triangular cooperation, BRICS, least developed countries, Africa, South and Central America, ASEAN, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum, and civil society organizations
2. Trends in South-South and triangular development cooperation, Background Study for the Development Cooperation Forum, April 2008
3. Good Practice Paper: Towards Effective South-South and Triangular Cooperation
4. Framework of operational guidelines on United Nations support to South-South and triangular cooperation (2012)
UNCTAD State of South-South and Triangular Cooperation in the Production, Use and Trade of Sustainable Biofuels
UNDP 1. Enhancing South-South and Triangular Cooperation: Study of the Current Situation and Existing Good Practices in Policy, Institutions, and Operation of South-South and Triangular Cooperation, Study commissioned by the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation, UNDP
2. Enhancing Management Practices in South-South and Triangular Cooperation Study on Country-Led Practices
3. Leveraging South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation
World Bank Triangular Cooperation: Opportunities, risks, and conditions for effectiveness (2010)

Global Monitoring Report 2012: South-South cooperation in the context of resource mobilization is defined as concessional loans and grants and technical cooperation provided by a developing country for biodiversity purposes. Globally speaking, South-South Cooperation is estimated to be US$15 billion –US$20 billion a year, and 22 per cent is channeled via multilateral organizations including the United Nations and World Bank. Using the OECD Rio marker for biodiversity as reference, some US$200 million of annual South-South cooperation may be of high relevance to biodiversity purpose. Cuba implemented a total of 23 projects relating to the subject of biodiversity are positive experiences for efficient use of resources. Cuba carried out training and joint projects with Colombia, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, and Mexico. The bilateral Agreements for Sustainable Development signed between the Netherlands, Bhutan, Costa Rica, and Benin have fostered technical and policy exchange with Costa Rica for Bhutan and Benin.
Between 1990 and 2008, world trade expanded fourfold, while South-South trade multiplied by more than 20 times its initial levels over the same period of time. As of 2008, developing countries accounted for around 37 per cent of global trade and nearly three quarters of global growth, with South-South flows making up about half of that total. Economists have predicted that by 2030 South-South cooperation will be one of the main engines of growth, accounting for 57 per cent of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP). Several developing countries agree formal programmes with Finance and Planning Ministries, but most developing countries agree to South-South assistance at Head of State or Government level, and provide technical cooperation via line ministers, other public sector agencies or non-governmental organizations.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme