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Advancing More, Better and Faster Financing for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Determination of Funding Needs

Basis for action:

“In anticipation of the replenishment of GEF, the Conference of the Parties will make an assessment of the amount of funds that are necessary to assist developing countries, in accordance with the guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties, in fulfilling their commitments under the Convention over the next GEF replenishment cycle” … MOU, paragraph 5.1

"Transmits to the Global Environment Facility the report on the assessment of needs for GEF 6, for consideration by the Global Environment Facility, so that the Facility will in its regular report to the Conference of Parties indicate how it has responded during the replenishment cycle to the previous assessment by the Conference of the Parties"...Decision XI/5, paragraph 15

Process:

The assessment of the amount of funds that are necessary to assist developing countries, in accordance with the guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties, in fulfilling their commitments under the Convention over the next GEF replenishment cycle, takes into account:
  1. Article 20, paragraph 2, and Article 21, paragraph 1, of the Convention;
  2. Guidance to the financial mechanism from the Conference of the Parties which calls for future financial resources;
  3. The information communicated to the Conference of the Parties in the national reports submitted in accordance with Article 26 of the Convention;
  4. National strategies, plans or programs developed in accordance with Article 6 of the Convention;
  5. Information communicated to the Conference of the Parties from GEF on the number of eligible programmes and projects that were submitted to GEF, the number that were approved for funding, and the number that were turned down owing to lack of resources;
  6. Experience gained by those concerned in the implementation of projects.

On the occasion of each replenishment, GEF will, in its regular report to the Conference of the Parties, indicate how it has responded during the replenishment cycle to the previous assessment by the Conference of the Parties and inform the Conference of the Parties of the conclusion of replenishment negotiations. On the basis of the report, the Conference of the Parties will review the amount of funding necessary for the implementation of the Convention, on the occasion of each replenishment of the financial mechanism.

Needs assessment for the sixth GEF replenishment cycle:

In decision XI/5, the Conference of the Parties concluded its first assessment of funding needs by noting the report of the assessment of needs for GEF-6 and the range of funding needs estimated for the sixth replenishment. This includes both what might be provided through the replenishment of the GEF Trust Fund for the biodiversity focal area, as well as what might be mobilized and provided through other funds. The decision also:

"12. Urges the Global Environment Facility, in the process of replenishment for GEF-6, to give due consideration to all aspects of the expert team’s needs assessment report on the levels of funding for biodiversity; "13. Requests the Executive Secretary and invites the Global Environment Facility to identify the Aichi Biodiversity Targets benefiting the most from synergies with other GEF focal areas and make this information available for further use; "14. Emphasizes that: (a) The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets are an ambitious framework adopted by Parties to the Convention that require a substantial increase in the resources available; (b) Full use of the financial mechanism of the Convention, including the Global Environment Facility and its network of agencies, with improved efficiency of resource utilization and expanded financial support to recipient countries, is instrumental and critical in advancing the implementation of the Strategic Plan and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets; (c) Prioritization of activities needs to be done in consultation with the Convention through its Conference of the Parties, based on the four year framework of programming priorities."

Initial response

Identification of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets benefiting the most from synergies with other GEF focal points

Reading

Full Assessment of the Amount of Funds Needed for the Implementation of the Convention for the Sixth Replenishment Period of the Trust Fund of the Global Environment Facility: An Assessment by the CBD Expert Team Members (UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF/35, 20 September 2012)(en)

Methodologies that might be used to estimate funding needs (UNEP/CBD/IC/2/16, 25 April 1994) (en es fr ar ru zh)

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme