||Indigenous to eastern Asia, Taiwan, eastern China, Manchuria, Korea, Russian Far East, Japan, Vietnam. Introduced to certain parts of Europe, Caucasus, USA, New Zealand, and certain Pacific islands. In Europe occurs in the British Isles and several areas of the continent from France to Russia. Commonly kept in parks and also established in the wild. In Germany 2.5 to 4.3 deer ind./km2 were reported.