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Summary of PoWPA Priority Actions for Implementation



Actions by PoWPA Goals

Goal Actions Countries Timeframe(avg)
1.1: To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of protected areas integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals 197 72

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Argentina, Guatemala, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Nicaragua, Honduras, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Jamaica, Cook Islands, Kiribati, Trinidad and Tobago, Samoa, Tonga, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Liberia, Mali, Gambia, Guinea, Ethiopia, Philippines, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Cameroon, Comoros, Burundi, Gabon, Madagascar, Rwanda, Botswana, Lebanon, Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, Yemen, Tunisia, Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, Denmark, Romania, Ukraine, Tuvalu, Belarus, Cuba, Canada, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Libya, Micronesia (Federated States of), Fiji, United Republic of Tanzania, Nauru, Niger, Peru, Solomon Islands, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Guyana, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sao Tome and Principe

2013 - 2017
1.2: To integrate protected areas into broader land- and seascapes and sectors so as to maintain ecological structure and function 126 67

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Argentina, Guatemala, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico, Grenada, Antigua and Barbuda, Jamaica, Fiji, Samoa, Palau, Tonga, Niue, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Viet Nam, Philippines, Cape Verde, Liberia, Mali, Gambia, Guinea, Togo, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Ethiopia, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoros, Zambia, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Botswana, Algeria, Jordan, Kuwait, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Tunisia, Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, Finland, Romania, Tuvalu, Belarus, Canada, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2013 - 2016
1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary protected areas (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring protected areas across national boundaries 59 35

Countries

Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Grenada, Nicaragua, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Samoa, Saint Lucia, Tonga, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Viet Nam, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Liberia, Myanmar, South Africa, Comoros, Burundi, Cameroon, Iraq, Yemen, Bulgaria, Albania, Hungary, Finland, Romania, Ukraine, Belarus, Canada, Peru, Guyana, Bosnia and Herzegovina

2013 - 2016
1.4: To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management 30 26

Countries

Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Grenada, Jamaica, Fiji, Palau, Tonga, Niue, Samoa, Bangladesh, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Indonesia, Philippines, South Africa, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Madagascar, Botswana, Lebanon, Jordan, Bulgaria, Cuba

2013 - 2016
1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas 59 37

Countries

Costa Rica, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Bangladesh, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Ghana, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Togo, South Africa, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Cameroon, Burundi, Madagascar, Comoros, Jordan, Yemen, Tunisia, Hungary, Estonia, Romania, Ukraine, Tuvalu, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Saudi Arabia, Micronesia (Federated States of), United Republic of Tanzania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2013 - 2017
2.1: Progress in assessing protected area governance 43 33

Countries

Argentina, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Grenada, Jamaica, Fiji, Palau, Niue, Samoa, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Ghana, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Burundi, Cameroon, Madagascar, Rwanda, Botswana, Lebanon, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Canada, Ukraine, Tuvalu, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Sao Tome and Principe

2012 - 2016
2.1: To promote equity and benefit-sharing 87 50

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Argentina, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Grenada, Jamaica, Tonga, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Ethiopia, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Angola, Burundi, Gabon, Comoros, Zambia, Cameroon, Madagascar, Rwanda, Senegal, Egypt, Yemen, Tunisia, Croatia, Hungary, Serbia, Finland, Canada, Ukraine, Tuvalu, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Saudi Arabia, Micronesia (Federated States of), Sao Tome and Principe

2013 - 2017
2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders 105 56

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Argentina, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Grenada, Jamaica, Cook Islands, Samoa, Tonga, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Indonesia, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Ethiopia, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Angola, Burundi, Gabon, Comoros, Zambia, Cameroon, Madagascar, Rwanda, Botswana, Senegal, Lebanon, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Yemen, Tunisia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Canada, Barbados, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Saudi Arabia, Micronesia (Federated States of), United Republic of Tanzania, Nauru, Sao Tome and Principe

2013 - 2017
3.1: Progress in assessing the contribution of protected areas to local and national economies 85 54

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Jamaica, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Cook Islands, Niue, Palau, Bangladesh, Tonga, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Ethiopia, Swaziland, Mozambique, Burundi, Gabon, Comoros, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Botswana, Senegal, Lebanon, Yemen, Tunisia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, Romania, Ukraine, Barbados, Tuvalu, Belarus, Cuba, Iran (Islamic Republic of), United Republic of Tanzania, Solomon Islands, Côte d'Ivoire, Niger

2013 - 2016
3.1: To provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for protected areas 115 67

Countries

Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Argentina, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Nicaragua, Jamaica, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Palau, Samoa, Bangladesh, Niue, Tonga, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Philippines, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, South Africa, Mozambique, Angola, Swaziland, Zambia, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoros, Senegal, Rwanda, Botswana, Madagascar, Lebanon, Jordan, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Iraq, Tunisia, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Denmark, Finland, Romania, Barbados, Tuvalu, Belarus, Cuba, Saudi Arabia, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Libya, Micronesia (Federated States of), Solomon Islands, Yemen, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Guyana, Sao Tome and Principe

2013 - 2016
3.2: To build capacity for the planning, establishment and management of protected areas 101 62

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Grenada, Antigua and Barbuda, Jamaica, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Palau, Tonga, Niue, Samoa, Bangladesh, India, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Viet Nam, Burkina Faso, Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Ethiopia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Kenya, Mozambique, Burundi, Gabon, Comoros, Rwanda, Madagascar, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Botswana, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, Albania, Yemen, Tunisia, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Barbados, Tuvalu, Belarus, Cuba, Saudi Arabia, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Micronesia (Federated States of), United Republic of Tanzania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Guyana

2013 - 2016
3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for protected areas 24 18

Countries

Colombia, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Grenada, Jamaica, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Uganda, Burundi, Comoros, Senegal, Jordan, Yemen, Romania, Tuvalu, Ukraine, Micronesia (Federated States of)

2013 - 2016
3.4: To ensure financial sustainability of protected areas and national and regional systems of protected areas 86 58

Countries

Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Argentina, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Jamaica, Fiji, Cook Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, Samoa, Niue, Tonga, Palau, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Cape Verde, Philippines, Indonesia, Mali, Gambia, Guinea, Kenya, Swaziland, South Africa, Burundi, Comoros, Senegal, Rwanda, Madagascar, Jordan, Sudan, Lebanon, Egypt, Yemen, Tunisia, Croatia, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Romania, Barbados, Tuvalu, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Cuba, Côte d'Ivoire, Niger, Solomon Islands, Iraq, Guyana, Bosnia and Herzegovina

2013 - 2016
3.5: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness 75 57

Countries

Colombia, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Grenada, Nicaragua, Antigua and Barbuda, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Samoa, Tonga, Bangladesh, India, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Bhutan, Viet Nam, Cape Verde, Ghana, Gambia, Liberia, Ethiopia, South Africa, Mozambique, Burundi, Cameroon, Gabon, Zambia, Comoros, Madagascar, Senegal, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Yemen, Tunisia, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Estonia, Serbia, Finland, Romania, Barbados, Ukraine, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Micronesia (Federated States of), Fiji, Solomon Islands, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Sao Tome and Principe

2013 - 2017
4.1: To develop and adopt minimum standards and best practices for national and regional protected area systems 33 23

Countries

Colombia, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Honduras, Jamaica, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago, Tonga, Bangladesh, Philippines, Swaziland, South Africa, Madagascar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Egypt, Yemen, Bulgaria, Romania, Belarus, Republic of Moldova, Fiji, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2012 - 2017
4.2: To evaluate and improve the effectiveness of protected areas management 50 36

Countries

Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Grenada, Jamaica, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Palau, Tonga, Niue, Samoa, Bangladesh, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Philippines, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Botswana, Senegal, Lebanon, Jordan, Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Cuba, Republic of Moldova, Solomon Islands, Yemen

2013 - 2016
4.3: To assess and monitor protected area status and trends 231 79

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico, Grenada, Jamaica, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Trinidad and Tobago, Palau, Samoa, Tonga, Niue, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Philippines, Cape Verde, Ghana, Indonesia, Liberia, Gambia, Guinea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Cameroon, Comoros, Burundi, Gabon, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Botswana, Senegal, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, Sudan, Egypt, Yemen, Tunisia, Albania, Croatia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Estonia, Finland, Romania, Barbados, Ukraine, Tuvalu, Belarus, Cuba, Republic of Moldova, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Saudi Arabia, Libya, Micronesia (Federated States of), United Republic of Tanzania, Solomon Islands, Côte d'Ivoire, Niger, Guyana, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2013 - 2016
4.4: To ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of protected areas and protected area systems 75 43

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Grenada, Nicaragua, Antigua and Barbuda, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Samoa, Tonga, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Gambia, Guinea, Ethiopia, Comoros, Burundi, Cameroon, Madagascar, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen, Tunisia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Tuvalu, Belarus, Cuba, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Saudi Arabia, Micronesia (Federated States of), United Republic of Tanzania, Solomon Islands

2012 - 2016
general 84 39

Countries

Argentina, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Mexico, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Cook Islands, Kiribati, New Zealand, Samoa, Bhutan, Indonesia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Angola, Mozambique, Burundi, Madagascar, Zambia, Algeria, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Estonia, Poland, Finland, Denmark, Serbia, Romania, Ukraine, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Peru

2012 - 2016
Progress in incorporating climate change aspects into protected areas 54 42

Countries

Colombia, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Nicaragua, Grenada, Fiji, Saint Lucia, Jamaica, Palau, Niue, Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Gambia, Guinea, Mozambique, Swaziland, Cameroon, Comoros, Zambia, Madagascar, Senegal, Botswana, Jordan, Sudan, Yemen, Tunisia, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Tuvalu, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Cuba, United Republic of Tanzania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Peru

2013 - 2016
Progress in marine protected areas 120 53

Countries

Costa Rica, Colombia, Argentina, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Grenada, Jamaica, Fiji, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Tonga, Palau, Niue, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Philippines, Cape Verde, Gambia, Mozambique, South Africa, Ethiopia, Gabon, Comoros, Cameroon, Madagascar, Sao Tome and Principe, Jordan, Sudan, Lebanon, Yemen, Tunisia, Bulgaria, Albania, Hungary, Estonia, Finland, Poland, Denmark, Romania, Ukraine, Tuvalu, Cuba, Canada, Micronesia (Federated States of), United Republic of Tanzania, Solomon Islands, Peru, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2013 - 2017


Actions by Elements of Target 11

Element Actions Countries Timeframe(avg)
expand protected area coverage of terrestrial and inland water 197 72 2013 - 2017
expand protected area coverage of coastal and marine areas 120 53 2013 - 2017
protect or improve protection of areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services 295 89 2013 - 2016
improve management effectiveness 230 79 2013 - 2016
improve equitable management (with diverse governance types) 139 66 2013 - 2016
improve ecological representation 197 72 2013 - 2017
improve protected area connectivity 126 67 2013 - 2016
improve other effective area-based conservation measures 105 56 2013 - 2017
improve protected area integration into landscapes, seascapes, and sectors 126 67 2013 - 2016
improve sustainable finance for protected areas 86 58 2013 - 2016
general 224 75

Countries

Argentina, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Mexico, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Cook Islands, Kiribati, New Zealand, Samoa, Bhutan, Indonesia, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Angola, Mozambique, Burundi, Madagascar, Zambia, Algeria, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Estonia, Poland, Finland, Denmark, Serbia, Romania, Ukraine, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Islands, Peru

2012 - 2016


Actions by Aichi Target

Target Actions Countries Timeframe(avg)
Target 1: By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably. 225 88 2013 - 2016
Target 2: By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems. 224 87 2013 - 2016
Target 3: By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 4: By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 5: By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced. 366 92 2013 - 2016
Target 6: By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 7: By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 8: By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 9: By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 10: By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning 366 92 2013 - 2016
Target 11: By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes. 589 99 2013 - 2016
Target 12: By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained. 286 85 2013 - 2016
Target 13: By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 14: By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable 380 94 2013 - 2016
Target 15: By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification. 327 92 2013 - 2016
Target 16: By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 17: By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan. 279 88 2013 - 2016
Target 18: By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 19: By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied. 0 0 2013 - 2016
Target 20: By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties. 279 88 2013 - 2016

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme