1.4 - Management planning

Goal 1.4: To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management

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Goal 1.4: To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management

Target:

All protected areas to have effective management in existence by 2012, using participatory and science-based site planning processes that incorporate clear biodiversity objectives, targets, management strategies and monitoring programmes, drawing upon existing methodologies and a long-term management plan with active stakeholder involvement.


Suggested activities of the Parties

  • 1.4.1 Create a highly participatory process, involving indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders, as part of site-based planning in accordance with the ecosystem approach, and use relevant ecological and socio-economic data required to develop effective planning processes.

  • 1.4.2 Identify appropriate measurable biodiversity conservation targets for sites, drawing on criteria laid out in Annex I to the Convention on Biological Diversity and other relevant criteria.

  • 1.4.3 Include in the site-planning process an analysis of opportunities for the protected area to contribute to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity at local and regional scales as well as an analysis of threats and means of addressing them.

    As appropriate, but no later than 2010, develop or update management plans for protected areas, built on the above process, to better achieve the three objectives of the Convention.

  • 1.4.5 Integrate climate change adaptation measures in protected area planning, management strategies, and in the design of protected area systems.

  • 1.4.6 Ensure that protected areas are effectively managed or supervised through staff that are well-trained and skilled, properly and appropriately equipped, and supported, to carry out their fundamental role in the management and conservation of protected areas.

Suggested supporting activities of the Executive Secretary

  • 1.4.7 Compile and disseminate through the clearing-house mechanism current relevant approaches, frameworks and tools for site planning and promote and facilitate the exchange of experiences and lessons learned in applying and adapting them in different ecological and social settings.

  • 1.4.8 Disseminate information on successful management models of protected areas which serve to further the three objective of the Convention and may also contribute to poverty reduction and the pursuit of sustainable development.

Key activities include:

  • Create a highly participatory approach to site-based planning
  • Identify measurable conservation targets for sites
  • Develop or update management plans, and include opportunities for sustainable use of biodiversity
  • Integrate climate change adaptation measures in protected area planning and management
  • Ensure a well-trained, skilled and well-equipped staff

What is a protected area management plan?

A protected area management plan is a document that sets out the management approach and goals, together with a framework for decision making for the protected area over a given period of time.

Why is a protected area management plan important?

Management planning is an essential step towards ensuring the proper management of protected areas. The plan is an important tool because it sets the long term direction for managing the area. In this way, the benefits provided by the protected area can be assured, and the natural and cultural resources can be safeguarded.

What is a highly participatory approach?

A highly participatory approach is one in which relevant stakeholders – those who stand to benefit from and/or bear the costs of, the protected area – play an active role in defining protected area objectives. When a plan is developed with the input and participation of those affected, it can be a powerful way to secure agreement on how the area will be managed. This includes setting policies to guide the different kinds of uses, and establishing the priority actions.

What are measurable conservation targets for sites?

A measurable conservation target is a specific goal, or desired state, of the status of a species or ecosystem. Usually a measurable target will be quantitative in nature, such as: “A healthy population of 500 elephants” or “20 miles of river shoreline restored”. These conservation targets form the backbone of a protected area management plan.

What are opportunities for sustainable use of biodiversity?

Opportunities for sustainable use include any use of resources within the protected area that will not adversely affect key biodiversity, and is within sustainable harvest limits. For example, local communities might harvest roofing thatch, cattle fodder, medicinal plants and fish as part of an overall protected area management plan that allows for sustainable use.

What elements are typically included in a protected area management plan?

Typically, a protected area management plan includes background information, goals and objectives, strategies and actions, mechanisms for consultation and participation, management programs, and an overview of monitoring. Typically, there are also appendices showing organizational charts, zoning of the protected area, and a summary of annual operational plans.

What does it mean to integrate climate change adaptation measures?

There are several ways to integrate climate change adaptation into management planning. These include assessing the impacts of climate change on protected areas, promoting resilient ecosystems within protected areas to withstand the impacts of climate change, and managing ecosystems within protected areas to minimize and mitigate climate change.



E-learning module

Module 18: Marine Protected Areas

This module shows how the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas applies in a marine environment, and enables protected area planners to increase marine protection, improve the marine protected area network, and reduce threats to the marine environment.

E-learning module

Module 17: Climate Change

This module provides recommendations and guidelines for incorporating climate change aspects into protected area design and management, and highlights the role that protected areas can play in climate mitigation and adaptation.

External forum

Protected areas and management

For those interested in protected area management and management planning.

E-learning module

Module 4: Management planning

This module covers aspects related to management planning (PoWPA Goal 1.4), including instructions on how to integrate climate change adaptation into management plans.

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Report
The Global Study into management effectiveness evaluation was conducted between late 2005 and 2010. In cooperation with many people across the world, we aimed to strengthen the management of protected areas by compiling the existing work on management effectiveness evaluation, reviewing methodologies, finding patterns and common themes in evaluation results, and investigating the most important factors leading to effective management.
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Adaptive management,Management effectiveness,Management planning
2/24/2012
E-learning module
This module shows how the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas applies in a marine environment, and enables protected area planners to increase marine protection, improve the marine protected area network, and reduce threats to the marine environment.
Themes:1.1 Ecological network and gap assessments,1.2 Protected area policy and landscape integration,3.4 Financial sustainability and business planning,1.3 Regional networks and transboundary areas,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation,1.5 Protected area threats and restoration,4.2 Management effectiveness assessments,2.2 Participation of indigenous and local communities,3.1 Enabling policy and legal environment,PoWPA Implementation
Topics:Adaptive management,Benefits and values,Multi-sectoral commitees,Best practices,Connectivity,Partnerships and collaboration,Conservation planning,Policy integration,Ecological gaps,Financing,Protected area system master plan,Regional challenges,Governance,Resilience and adaptation planning,Sustainable use,Mainstreaming,Management effectiveness,Training and curricula,Management planning,Marine
6/10/2011
E-learning module
This module provides recommendations and guidelines for incorporating climate change aspects into protected area design and management, and highlights the role that protected areas can play in climate mitigation and adaptation.
Themes:1.2 Protected area policy and landscape integration,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation,1.5 Protected area threats and restoration
Topics:Adaptive management,Monitoring,Benefits and values,Multi-sectoral commitees,Other threats,Climate change,Participatory planning,Connectivity,Partnerships and collaboration,Conservation planning,PoWPA strategic action plan,Protected area system master plan,Resilience and adaptation planning,Sustainable use,Landscape conservation,Management effectiveness,Training and curricula,Management planning
6/10/2011
External forum
For those interested in protected area management and management planning.
Themes:3.3 Appropriate technology,3.5 Education and awareness,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation,4.1 Minimum standards and best practices,1.5 Protected area threats and restoration,4.2 Management effectiveness assessments,4.3 Monitoring,4.4 Research
5/8/2010
E-learning module
This module covers aspects related to management planning (PoWPA Goal 1.4), including instructions on how to integrate climate change adaptation into management plans.
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
5/8/2010
Report
A 32-page report by Sharma et al on climate change impacts and vulnerabilities in the Eastern Himalayas. Produced by ICIMOD.
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation,1.5 Protected area threats and restoration
Topics:Resilience and adaptation planning,Climate change
4/18/20101024 Kb
Report
It's a report about The Impacts and Management Implications of Climate Change for the Australian Government's Protected Areas. (311 pages).
Themes:1.5 Protected area threats and restoration,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Climate change,Resilience and adaptation planning
4/15/20101024 Kb
Comprehensive guide
Guidelines on the Aims, Function and Management of State-Onwed Protected Areas. (51 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation,4.1 Minimum standards and best practices
Topics:Management planning
4/15/20101024 Kb
It's an article from the journal of applied ecology about the impact of ecosystem connectivity on coral reef resilience. (9 pages).
Themes:1.2 Protected area policy and landscape integration,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Connectivity,Resilience and adaptation planning,Marine
4/15/2010650 Kb
It's a report about prticipatory planning for flood management in the Netherlands (17 pages).
Themes:2.2 Participation of indigenous and local communities,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Participatory planning,Freshwater
4/15/20101024 Kb
Report
Outline for Protected Areas Management Planning.
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Management planning
4/15/2010241 Kb
Short guide
This publication is an executive summary on a management plan. (28 pages). TNC.
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Management planning
4/15/2010874 Kb
Brochure
It's a short brochure about Impacts and Adaptation. (2 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Resilience and adaptation planning
4/14/2010335 Kb
Report
It's a report about Preliminary Review of Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources. (909 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Resilience and adaptation planning,Climate change
4/14/201012288 Kb
Case study
This publication is about Virginia Invasive Species Management Plan. (85 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Invasive species
4/14/2010408 Kb
Brochure
It's a brochure about adaptation in climate change. (12 pages).
Themes:1.5 Protected area threats and restoration,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Climate change,Resilience and adaptation planning
4/14/20101024 Kb
It's a guidebook for local, regional and state governments. (186 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Climate change,Resilience and adaptation planning
4/14/20105120 Kb
Comprehensive guide
Guidelines for public use measurement and reporting at parks and protected areas. (92 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Tourism
4/14/20105120 Kb
It's a guide on Environmental management tool. (124 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Best practices
4/14/20102048 Kb
Report
It's a report about buffering nature against climate change. Proceedings of a WWF and IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas symposium, 18-19 June 2007, Canberra. (132 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Resilience and adaptation planning
4/13/20103072 Kb
Case study
It's a thesis about climate change adaptation in Canada’s protected natural areas: an Ontario Parks Case Study. (589 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Resilience and adaptation planning,Climate change
4/13/201018432 Kb
Comprehensive guide
It's a guide of good practice about geological conservation. (72 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Conservation planning
4/13/20101024 Kb
It's an article about successful adaptation to sea-level rise along Europe’s Coasts. (11 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Marine,Resilience and adaptation planning
4/13/2010126 Kb
Report
It's a report about protected areas management in the Caribbean: core themes for education, awareness, and communication programmes. (28 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Management planning
4/13/2010875 Kb
Comprehensive guide
This publication is about protected areas planning manual. (60 pages).
Themes:1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation
Topics:Management planning
4/13/20101024 Kb
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