4.2 - Management effectiveness

Goal 4.2: To evaluate and improve the effectiveness of protected areas management

  • Goal 4.2
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Target:

By 2010, frameworks for monitoring, evaluating and reporting protected areas management effectiveness at sites, national and regional systems, and transboundary protected area levels adopted and implemented by Parties.


Suggested activities of the Parties

  • 4.2.1 Develop and adopt, by 2006, appropriate methods, standards, criteria and indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of protected area management and governance, and set up a related database, taking into account the IUCN-WCPA framework for evaluating management effectiveness, and other relevant methodologies, which should be adapted to local conditions.

  • 4.2.2 Implement management effectiveness evaluations of at least 30 percent of each Party's protected areas by 2010 and of national protected area systems and, as appropriate, ecological networks.

  • 4.2.3 Include information resulting from evaluation of protected areas management effectiveness in national reports under the Convention on Biological Diversity.

  • 4.2.4 Implement key recommendations arising from site- and system-level management effectiveness evaluations, as an integral part of adaptive management strategies.

Suggested supporting activities of the Executive Secretary

  • 4.2.5 Compile and disseminate information on management effectiveness through the clearing-house mechanism and develop a database of experts in evaluation of protected area management effectiveness and consider the possibility of organizing an international workshop on appropriate methods, criteria and indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of protected area management.

  • 4.2.6 In cooperation with IUCN-WCPA and other relevant organizations, compile and disseminate information on best practices in protected area design, establishment and management.

Key activities include:

  • Develop and adopt methods and indicators for evaluating management effectiveness and governance
  • Implement management effectiveness evaluations of at least 30% of protected areas
  • Include resulting information in national reports
  • Implement key recommendations as an integral part of adaptive management strategies

What is protected area management effectiveness?

Protected area management effectiveness is the degree to which protected area management protects biological and cultural resources, and achieves the goals and objectives for which the protected area was established.

What is an assessment of protected area management effectiveness?

Protected area management effectiveness assessments are a process that reveals management strengths and weaknesses in a protected area, and across a protected area system. Such assessments guide protected area strategy and capacity development, enable adaptive management, guide effective resource allocation, promote accountability and transparency among key stakeholders, and build support for protected area management.

What aspects of management effectiveness are usually included in an assessment?

The elements of a management effectiveness assessment generally include the following:
  • Context – protected area significance, threats and policy environment.
  • Planning – protected area design and planning.
  • Inputs - the resources needed to carry out protected area management.
  • Processes – the way in which management is conducted.
  • Outputs – the implementation of management programs, actions and services.
  • Outcomes - the extent to which objectives have been achieved.

What is adaptive management?

Adaptive management is the process of establishing goals and objectives, developing and implementing strategies to achieve those goals, assessing whether or not those strategies were effective, and then modifying the strategies. Adaptive management should be a cyclical process, in which managers are continually monitoring the effectiveness and outcomes of their actions, and incorporating this information into subsequent plans and strategies.

What steps are involved in assessing management effectiveness?

Management effectiveness assessments typically involve the following steps:

  1. Gathering existing information from studies, surveys, research papers, aerial maps and other sources
  2. Developing or modifying a questionnaire on key aspects of management effectiveness
  3. Gathering information on management effectiveness from protected area managers, staff and other stakeholders
  4. Assessing and analyzing the information, usually through a workshop or collaborative meeting
  5. Identifying the most important threats, management weaknesses and policy constraints across the protected area system
  6. Identifying strategies for addressing these threats, weaknesses and constraints
  7. Prioritizing these strategies, and prioritizing protected areas within the system
  8. Developing specific work plans for each strategy, ensuring that there is a lead person to follow up with each
  9. Identifying the cost implications, and ensuring that these are incorporated into sustainable finance assessments
  10. Identifying the capacity implications, and ensuring that these are incorporated into capacity needs assessments
  11. Developing a plan to monitor the effectiveness of the strategies, and repeating the management effectiveness assessment at periodic intervals



E-learning module

Module 18: Marine Protected Areas

This module shows how the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas applies in a marine environment, and enables protected area planners to increase marine protection, improve the marine protected area network, and reduce threats to the marine environment.

External forum

Protected areas and management

For those interested in protected area management and management planning.

E-learning module

Module 14: Management effectiveness assessments

This module covers aspects related to management effectiveness (PoWPA Goal 4.2), including how to conduct site and system-level assessment of management effectiveness.

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E-learning module
This module shows how the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas applies in a marine environment, and enables protected area planners to increase marine protection, improve the marine protected area network, and reduce threats to the marine environment.
Themes:1.1 Ecological network and gap assessments,1.2 Protected area policy and landscape integration,3.4 Financial sustainability and business planning,1.3 Regional networks and transboundary areas,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation,1.5 Protected area threats and restoration,4.2 Management effectiveness assessments,2.2 Participation of indigenous and local communities,3.1 Enabling policy and legal environment,PoWPA Implementation
Topics:Adaptive management,Benefits and values,Multi-sectoral commitees,Best practices,Connectivity,Partnerships and collaboration,Conservation planning,Policy integration,Ecological gaps,Financing,Protected area system master plan,Regional challenges,Governance,Resilience and adaptation planning,Sustainable use,Mainstreaming,Management effectiveness,Training and curricula,Management planning,Marine
6/10/2011
This report, published jointly by UNDP/GEF and CBD, explores how protected area management can better incorporate issues related to climate change, ecosystem services and sustainable livelihoods.
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
10/6/2010
External forum
For those interested in protected area management and management planning.
Themes:3.3 Appropriate technology,3.5 Education and awareness,1.4 Management planning and climate change adaptation,4.1 Minimum standards and best practices,1.5 Protected area threats and restoration,4.2 Management effectiveness assessments,4.3 Monitoring,4.4 Research
5/8/2010
Case study
It's a report about The State of Wadi El-Rayan Protected Area and Valley of the Whales World Heritage Site. (101 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/16/20101024 Kb
Report
It's a report about an evaluation of management effectiveness.
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/16/20101024 Kb
Case study
This publication is about Implementation Methodology of Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management (RAPPAM) the National System of Protected Natural Areas by the State (SINANPE). In spanish (72 pages). WWF.
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/15/20108192 Kb
Case study
It's a report about evaluation of the effectiveness of protected areas in Guinea. (62 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/15/20101024 Kb
Assessment methodology
A framework for strengthening protected areas. (20 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/15/20102048 Kb
Case study
It's a report about evaluation of the effectiveness of protected areas in Mauritania. (42 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/15/2010792 Kb
Case study
It's a report about Management Effectiveness Assessment of Protected Areas in KwaZulu-Natal using WWF’s RAPPAM Methodology. (33 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/15/20104096 Kb
Comprehensive guide
A guide for Evaluation and Strengthening. (51 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/15/2010759 Kb
Case study
It's a report about the evaluation of the efficacy of the management of protected areas. (49 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/15/2010752 Kb
Case study
It's a national report about management effectiveness assessment and capacity development plan for Jamaica's system of protected areas. (110 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments,3.2 Protected area capacity
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/14/20104096 Kb
Case study
Management Effectiveness Assessment of the System of Protected Areas in Cambodia using WWF’s RAPPAM Methodology. (30 pages). WWF.
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/14/20101024 Kb
Comprehensive guide
A framework for evaluating the effectiveness of management 2nd edition of protected areas. (122 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/14/20102048 Kb
Assessment methodology
It's a guide about Natural and Social Indicators to assess the effectiveness of management MPAs. (248 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness,Marine
4/14/20106144 Kb
Assessment methodology
It's a guide about Natural and Social Indicators to assess the effectiveness of management MPAs. (248 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness,Marine
4/14/20105120 Kb
Case study
It's a report about an assessment of the management of eight protected area sites and discussion on system implications. (115 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/14/20103072 Kb
Case study
It's a report about evaluation of the effectiveness of protected areas in Tchad. (56 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/14/20101024 Kb
Report
It's a report about monitoring package for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas. (80 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments,4.3 Monitoring
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/13/2010944 Kb
Report
It's a report about measuring success in the Parks in Peril Program. (24 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/12/2010358 Kb
Report
It's a report about measuring success in the Parks in Peril Program. In spanish. (24 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/12/2010386 Kb
Short guide
A Quick Guide for protected area practitioners about how to evaluate the management effectiveness of protected areas. (24 pages).
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/7/20101024 Kb
Report
It s a report about measuring protected area management effectiveness. (132 pages). WWF.
Themes:4.2 Management effectiveness assessments
Topics:Management effectiveness
4/7/20102048 Kb
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