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SBSTTA 10 Recommendation X/4

Global outcome-oriented targets for the implementation of the programmes of work on the biological diversity of inland water ecosystems and marine and coastal biodiversity

     The Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice

    1.      Welcomes the report of the Expert Group on Outcome-Oriented Targets (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/10/INF/6);

    2.      Expresses its appreciation to:

    (a)      The Governments of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for their financial support to the Expert Group meeting;

    (b)      Other Governments and organizations for the participation of their representatives;

    (c)      The Co-Chairs and all the members of the Expert Group for their contributions; and

    (d)      Other experts who have contributed their inputs into the overall process;

    3.      Notes with appreciation the progress made on indicators by the Scientific and Technical Review Panel of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and invites the Panel, for areas within its mandate and in line with the role of the Ramsar Convention established by decision III/21 as the lead implementation partner on wetlands for the Convention on Biological Diversity, to further develop the targets annexed to the present recommendation, as appropriate, through inter alia, their quantification and application to specific wetland types and biogeographic regions, and to link those targets with the indicators currently being developed; 

    4.      Recommends that the Conference of the Parties, at its eighth meeting:

    (a)       Endorses the integration of the outcome-oriented targets into the programmes of work on marine and coastal biodiversity and biodiversity of inland water ecosystems as listed in the annex to the present recommendation, noting the relationship between these targets and those of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development and the Millennium Development Goals;

    (b)       Takes note of the elaborated technical rationales in annex II and III of the report of the Expert Group (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA10/INF/6) as providing additional guidance for application of the targets to the programmes of work on marine and coastal biodiversity and the biological diversity of inland water ecosystems;

    (c)       Emphasizes that the targets, as applied to the programmes of work on marine and coastal biodiversity and biological diversity of inland water ecosystems, should be viewed as a flexible framework within which national and/or regional targets may be developed, according to national priorities and capacities, and taking into account differences in diversity between countries;

    (d)       Invites Parties and other Governments to develop national and/or regional goals and targets, and, as appropriate, to incorporate them into relevant plans, programmes and initiatives, including national biodiversity strategies and action plans;

    (e)       Emphasizes the need for capacity-building, and adequate financial resources especially for developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and the small island developing States among them, and countries with economies in transition, in order to enable them to implement activities to achieve and monitor progress towards the goals and targets;

    (f)       Invites the Conference of the Parties to the Ramsar Convention, for areas within its mandate and in line with the role of the Ramsar Convention established by decision III/21 as the lead implementation partner on wetlands for the Convention on Biological Diversity, to contribute to the implementation of the targets, to monitoring progress towards them, and to developing the targets further for specific application to wetlands;

    (g)       Invites the regional seas conventions and action plans, and large marine ecosystem projects, to take note of the outcome-oriented targets for the programme of work on marine and coastal biological diversity, and to contribute to the implementation of these targets at the regional level as appropriate, and to monitor progress towards them; and

    (h)       Considers the need for additional guidance to facilitate implementation of targets 5.1, 6.1 and 7.1.

    5.      Further recommends that the Conference of the Parties reviews, and if necessary further refines, the targets in decision VII/30 with a view to achieve consistency between the targets integrated into the programmes of work and the general framework;

    6.      Recommends that, when applying outcome-oriented targets to other programmes of work, full account be taken of the impacts of management practices in forests, dry and sub-humid lands, mountains and, especially, agricultural lands on the biodiversity of marine and coastal areas and of inland waters, in particular in relation to the downstream impacts of water use and water pollution;

    7.      Requests the Executive Secretary to prepare, for the information of the Subsidiary Body at its eleventh meeting:

    (a)         An overview of the goals and targets contained in the Strategic Plan (decision VI/26), the framework for evaluating progress towards the 2010 target (decision VII/30), and those integrated into the various programmes of work of the Convention, showing the relationship among them;

    (b)         A matrix relating the goals and targets of the programmes of work on marine and coastal biodiversity and biodiversity of inland water ecosystems (see the annex to the present recommendation) to the activities of the these programmes of work (decisions VII/5 and VII/4);

    (c)         A glossary of terms used in the framework of goals and targets adopted in decision VII/30 to clarify the terms used and to facilitate the application of the framework of goals and targets to all programmes of work in a consistent manner, taking into account the terms used in other biodiversity-related multilateral environmental agreements.


Annex

APPLICATION OF THE TARGETS TO THE PROGRAMMES OF WORK ON THE BIODIVERSITY OF INLAND WATER ECOSYSTEMS AND MARINE AND COASTAL BIODIVERSITY

Goals and targets as per the framework (decision VII/30, annex II)

Application of the targets to the programme of work on marine and coastal biodiversity

Application of the targets to the programme of work on inland waters biodiversity

Protect the components of biodiversity

Goal 1. Promote the conservation of the biological diversity of ecosystems, habitats and biomes

Target 1.1: At least 10% of each of the world's ecological regions effectively conserved.

At least 10% of each of the world's marine and coastal ecological regions effectively conserved.

  At least 10% of known inland water ecosystem area effectively conserved and under integrated river or lake basin management.

Target 1.2: Areas of particular importance to biodiversity protected.

Particularly vulnerable marine and coastal habitats and ecosystems, such as tropical and cold water coral reefs, seamounts, hydrothermal vents mangroves, seagrasses, spawning grounds and other vulnerable areas in marine habitats effectively protected.

275 million hectares of wetlands of particular importance to biodiversity protected, including representation and equitable distribution of areas of different wetland types across the range of biogeographic zones.

Goal 2. Promote the conservation of species diversity

Target 2.1: Restore, maintain or reduce the decline of populations of species of selected taxonomic groups. 

Reduce the decline of, maintain or restore populations of species of selected marine and coastal taxonomic groups.

Reduce the decline of, maintain or restore populations of species of selected taxonomic groups dependent upon inland water ecosystems.

Target 2.2: Status of threatened species improved. 

Known globally threatened and endangered marine and coastal species, with particular attention to migratory and transboundary species and populations, effectively conserved.

The world's known threatened inland water ecosystem dependent species of plants and animals conserved, with particular attention to migratory, transboundary and endemic species and populations.

Goal 3. Promote the conservation of genetic diversity

Target 3.1: Genetic diversity of crops, livestock, and of harvested species of trees, fish and wildlife and other valuable species conserved, and associated indigenous and local knowledge maintained.

Further losses of known genetic diversity of exploited wild fish and other wild and cultured marine and coastal species prevented, and associated indigenous and local knowledge maintained.

Known genetic diversity of crops, livestock, and of harvested species of trees, fish and wildlife and other valuable species dependent upon inland water ecosystems is conserved, and associated indigenous and local knowledge is maintained.

Goal 4. Promote sustainable use and consumption

Target 4.1: Biodiversity-based products derived from sources that are sustainably managed, and production areas managed consistent with the conservation of biodiversity.

Target 4.1.1: All exploited fisheries products derived from sources that are sustainably managed, and unsustainable uses of other marine and coastal species minimized.

Target 4.1.2: All mariculture facilities operated consistent with the conservation of biodiversity and social equity.

Target 4.1.1: Products from inland water ecosystem biological diversity derived from sustainable sources.

 Target 4.1.2: Aquaculture areas in inland water ecosystems managed consistent with the conservation of inland water biological diversity.

Target 4.2 Unsustainable consumption, of biological resources, or that impacts upon biodiversity, reduced.

Some aspects of this target are addressed under target 4.1.

Some aspects of this target are addressed under target 4.1.

Target 4.3: No species of wild flora or fauna endangered by international trade.

No species of wild marine and coastal flora and fauna endangered by international trade.

No species of wild flora or fauna dependent upon inland water ecosystems endangered by international trade.

Address threats to biodiversity

Goal 5. Pressures from habitat loss, land-use change and degradation, and unsustainable water use, reduced

Target 5.1: Rate of loss and degradation of natural habitats decreased.

Rate of loss and degradation of natural marine and coastal habitats, in particular mangroves, seagrasses, tropical and cold water coral reefs, seamounts, hydrothermal vents and other important habitats, decreased.

Rate of loss and degradation of inland water ecosystem biological diversity, especially through unsustainable water use, are decreased.

Goal 6. Control threats from invasive alien species

Target 6.1: Pathways for major potential alien invasive species controlled.

Pathways for major potential invasive alien species in marine and coastal ecosystems controlled.

Pathways for major potential invasive alien species in inland water ecosystems controlled.

Target 6. 2: Management plans in place for major alien species that threaten ecosystems, habitats or species.

  Management plans in place and implemented for invasive alien species that are considered to present the greatest threat to marine and coastal ecosystems, habitats or species.

Management plans in place and implemented for invasive alien species that are considered to present the greatest threat to inland water ecosystems, habitats or species.

Goal 7. Address challenges to biodiversity from climate change, and pollution

Target 7.1: Maintain and enhance resilience of the components of biodiversity to adapt to climate change.

  Maintain and enhance resilience of the components of marine and coastal biodiversity to adapt to climate change.

Maintain and enhance resilience of the components of inland water ecosystem biodiversity to adapt to climate change.

Target 7.2: Reduce pollution and its impacts on biodiversity.

Substantially reduce land-based and seabased sources of marine pollution and their impacts on biodiversity.

Substantially reduce pollution and its impacts on inland water ecosystem biodiversity.

Maintain goods and services from biodiversity to support human well-being

Goal 8. Maintain capacity of ecosystems to deliver goods and services and support livelihoods

Target 8.1: Capacity of ecosystems to deliver goods and services maintained.

Capacity of marine and coastal ecosystems to deliver goods and services maintained or enhanced.

Capacity of inland water ecosystems to deliver goods and services maintained or enhanced.

Target 8.2: biological resources that support sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care, especially of poor people, maintained.

Marine and coastal biological resources that support sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care, especially of poor people, maintained and, where depleted, restored.

Inland water biological resources that support sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care, especially of poor people, maintained and, where depleted, restored.

Protect traditional knowledge, innovations and practices

Goal 9. Maintain socio-cultural diversity of indigenous and local communities

Target 9.1. Protect traditional knowledge, innovations and practices.

Measures to protect traditional knowledge, innovations and practices associated with marine and coastal biological diversity implemented, and the participation of indigenous and local communities in activities aimed at this promoted and facilitated.*

Measures to protect traditional knowledge, innovations and practices associated with the biological diversity of inland water ecosystems implemented, and the participation of indigenous and local communities in activities aimed at this promoted and facilitated.*

Target 9.2: Protect the rights of indigenous and local communities over their traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, including their rights to benefit sharing.

Traditional knowledge, innovations and practices regarding marine and coastal biodiversity respected, preserved and maintained, the wider application of such knowledge, innovations and practices promoted with the prior informed consent and involvement of the indigenous and local communities providing such traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, and the benefits arising from such knowledge, innovations and practices equitably shared. *

Traditional knowledge, innovations and practices regarding biological diversity of inland water ecosystems respected, preserved and maintained, the wider application of such knowledge, innovations and practices promoted with the prior informed consent and involvement of the indigenous and local communities providing such traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, and the benefits arising from such knowledge, innovations and practices equitably shared. *

Ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources

Goal 10. Ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources

Target 10.1: All transfers of genetic resources are in line with the Convention on Biological Diversity, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and other applicable agreements

All access to genetic resources derived from marine and coastal biological diversity is in line with the Convention on Biological Diversity **

All access to genetic resources derived from inland water ecosystems is in line with the Convention on Biological Diversity, **

Target 10.2: Benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources shared with the countries providing such resources.

Benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources derived from marine and coastal biological diversity shared with the countries providing such resources **

Benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources derived from inland water ecosystems shared with the countries providing such resources, **

Ensure provision of adequate resources

Goal 11: Parties have improved financial, human, scientific, technical and technological capacity to implement the Convention

Target 11.1: New and additional financial resources are transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention, in accordance with Article 20.

New and additional financial resources are transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments for the programme of work on marine and coastal biological diversity under the Convention, in accordance with Article 20.

New and additional financial resources are transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments for the programme of work on the biological diversity of inland water ecosystems under the Convention, in accordance with Article 20.

Target 11.2: Technology is transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention, in accordance with its Article 20, paragraph 4.

Technology is transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments for the programme of work on marine and coastal biological diversity under the Convention, in accordance with its Article 20, paragraph 4.

Technology is transferred to developing country Parties, to allow for the effective implementation of their commitments for the programme of work on the biological diversity of inland water ecosystems under the Convention, in accordance with its Article 20, paragraph 4.

* These targets will be further reviewed following consideration by the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

** These targets will be further reviewed following consideration by the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing.


  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme