First National Biodiversity Congress 2012 (NBC ) is being organised as the most important biodiversity mega event of India, to be continued every year and governed by a national level advisory council (Indian Biodiversity Council) under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister for Environment and Forest, Government of India and Hon’ble Chairman, NBA as Vice- Chairman. Executive members of the council includes all State Biodiversity Board’s Chairmen and Member Secretaries. The FIRST NBC 2012 is being hosted by Kerala State Biodiversity Board (KSBB) under the auspices of MoEF, NBA, with the involvement and cooperation of all State Biodiversity Boards, and all other organisations involved in conservation and promotion of biodiversity in the country. KSBB and Govt of Kerala is proud to host this prestigious biodiversity event in Thiruvananathapuram, as Kerala , as God’s own land of unique biodiversity with 19 out of 39 sites listed in Western Ghats heritage list is the ideal venue for such a national mission in India. In this perspective, the focal theme of NBC 2012 is selected as “Biodiversity for food security”. A special session on “Western Ghats in World Heritage status challenges and opportunities” is also planned along with the congress; to bring into focus the serious threats faced by Biodiversity of the Western Ghats and to gear up the conservation measures.