Welcome to the Business Engagement Programme

Business collaboration in achieving the goals of the Convention of Biological Diversity

The need to engage businesses in achieving the objectives of the Convention was recognized by the Conference of the Parties at its eighth meeting, in Curitiba, Brazil, in 2006. Its related decision VIII/17 foresaw the participation of businesses in various biodiversity meetings and their involvement in the development and implementation of national and international biodiversity strategies and action plans. The CBD Secretariat has since actively promoted the engagement of business and industry in the implementation of the Convention. (See Activities below)

Subsequent decisions were taken to establish the conditions that facilitate private sector engagement and encourage businesses to “adopt practices and strategies that contribute to achieving the goals and objectives of the Convention and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets”. This includes decisions:

  • To support the measurement and reporting of business impacts and dependencies with regards to biodiversity. With appropriate monitoring, assessment and reporting, businesses are better positioned to develop and apply process and production methods that minimize or avoid negative impacts on biodiversity and track implementation. (COP 10 Decision X/21 paragraphs 1 and 2).COP 11 (Decision XI/7 paragraphs 3 and 4) further encouraged businesses to incorporate their supply chain and take into account national priorities and conditions when conducting various biodiversity assessment. COP 11 also encouraged businesses to formalize biodiversity reporting in their annual reports.(Decision XI/7 paragraphs 4) and, recognizing that gaps still exist with regard to reporting on business activities that impacts on biodiversity, COP 12 (Decision XII/10 paragraphs 3), established a work stream to further advance of this topic.

  • To build the business case for biodiversity and to encourage businesses to integrate biodiversity into their practice and strategies and to share these practices and lessons with other stakeholders. Decision X/21 encouraged businesses to survey, share and adopt available best practice within their relevant industries including with small and medium enterprises, and invited businesses to align investments, management and procurement policies with the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services.
  • To support the establishment of the Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity and other public/private partnerships. The Global Partnership is a means to facilitate dialogue resource mobilization, and capacity-building among stakeholders by providing a platform to compile and distribute information on best practice, case studies and tools (see Decisions X/21, paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, and XI/7, paragraph 1, 4 and 5) To further promote business involvement in the development, revision and implementation of national and international biodiversity strategies and action plans, Decision XI/7 and Decision XII/10 also invited parties, in consultation with the civil society, to foster public and private partnerships.
  • COP-13 further addressed the need to strengthen the mainstreaming of biodiversity in the business sector and encouraged businesses to utilize various market-based and non-market-based tools, as well as partnership initiatives, to strengthen biodiversity consideration in business operations and promote behavioral change.

For more information on previous COP Decisions, please visit: CBD COP Decisions.


The business programme undertakes additional activities, often in cooperation with partners. These collaborations are important in helping to raise awareness and encourage the mainstreaming of biodiversity and ecosystem management into businesses. Specifically, some of the main activities include:

  • Development of the Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity.
  • Outreach through various international, regional and national meetings and workshops
  • Organization of the Business and Biodiversity Forums
  • Sharing case studies as well as Tools and Mechanisms and other relevant information on the business pages
  • Participating and speaking at various
  • Membership on steering committees and working groups with partner organizations.
  • Secretariat has also been publishing newsletters for the Global Partnership on Business and Biodiversity


    The financial support of the European Union to the Business Engagement Programme is gratefully acknowledged.


Here you will find a variety resources designed to inform Parties to the Convention and other stakeholders about the business engagement activities as well as information and tools for businesses wishing to better understand their impacts and dependencies on biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, and take action to address these issues.

Business Case for Biodiversity
These pages provide an overview of the business case for biodiversity, including a discussion of dependencies and impacts of business upon biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, and an assessment of risks and opportunities for business in this area

CBD and Business Engagement
These pages provide an overview of the CBD's business engagement activities including links to previous business decisions and sections on related topics including Access and Benefits Sharing (ABS), and Biosafety

Meetings and Events
These pages provide details of current CBD business meetings (agenda and other information) as well as a full record of previous meetings. In addition, a calendar of business and biodiversity - related events is available

Projects and Major Issues
These pages outline and provide support to several of the major business-related initiatives that the CBD Secretariat has been tasked with undertaking, including on Commodities, Reporting, the Business Case for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and Natural Capital

Database and Resources
These pages contain a database of tools and mechanisms, case studies, and best practices designed to help businesses understand and mainstream biodiversity. Archives of the business.2020 newsletters, links to partners, and other items of interest are also available

Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity
This section is devoted to the Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity. The pages outline the history and structure of this programme and provides links to the component national and regional initiatives