Co-Chairs' updates

August 2021

Draft One of the post2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

We have been very busy since our last update in May 2021! Throughout May and early June, we attended the formal meetings of SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3, listening in on all the plenary and contact group sessions and taking detailed notes (we recorded 2000 individual comments regarding the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework). As soon as the meetings were done, we put our heads together and started working on updating the Updated Zero Draft. 

It took us a total of 53 hours of videoconference to produce Draft One of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). In particular, we tried our best to reflect what we heard from parties and stakeholders. Further, our intention with Draft One was write it in a way that would be conducive to generate discussion at WG2020-3. As such, we appreciate that the draft will continue to evolve and this has only been one more step on the journey to a Post-2020 GBF. You will notice that we have shortened some sections of the GBF, which we did in an effort to avoid duplication, increase coherence and improve clarity by simplifying the text as much as possible. 

On July 22, we held two briefing sessions on Draft One, to accommodate different times zones, and are happy to report that those were attended by 743 participants. The briefings were intended to familiarize participants with the structure and content of the First Draft of the Post-2020 GBF and to give the Co-Chairs and the Secretariat the opportunity to address questions raised by participants. If you were unable to join the briefings in July, you can still watch the recording of both sessions on the CBD website, as well as consult the PowerPoint presentation.

Throughout the process of developing Draft One, we worked closely with the Secretariat. Together, we have updated the components of the Goals and Targets, and the headline and component indicators, as we wanted to fully reflect the changes brought by Draft One, given that they are an integral part of the GBF system. Further, we worked on a couple of supporting documents, namely an updated Glossary and two new documents, the One-pagers and an overview of the proposed monitoring approach:

  • The Glossary is an update to the existing one and responds to your calls for us to provide clear definitions of the terms used in the GBF.
  • The One-pagers are compiled in an information document that aims to give you all the details we could not put in the GBF itself. We have prepared one-pagers for each goal and target of the framework, building on the scientific and technical advice outlined in SBSTTA-24-03-Add2-Rev.1, and other relevant reports, to provide a comprehensive reference document where negotiators can find all the relevant information in one spot. For instance, you will find the objective of each target, scientific basis behind the numerical aspect of targets, definitions and relevant explanations of concepts, corresponding headline and component indicators, as well other relevant sources of information in the endnotes. We really hope that you will find this document useful during the forthcoming discussions.
  • As the name suggests, the proposed monitoring approach provides further detail on what progress on the goals and targets of the GBF would be measured against. This includes the headline indicators (which have been previously published as CBD/WG2020/3/3/ADD1), components and their respective component indicators and complementary indicators. Here too, the idea is to provide you with all the information on the proposed monitoring framework in one place – a one-stop shop. Whereas the One-pagers provide additional information, this document provides the full list of all proposed indicators.

Now the ball is in your court!


We look forward to hearing views from Parties and stakeholders on Draft One of the GBF.


On WG2020-3

We are now getting ready for another milestone in our process. From August 23 to September 3, the third meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group will open virtually. This will give us an opportunity to exchange views and have contact group-level discussions based on the text of Draft One (Item 4). Further, we will have discussions on DSI (Item 5); for more details, see the Annotated Agenda and Scenario Note

Regarding the contact groups, for the GBF they will be structured around Draft One sections. Further, the co-leads of contact groups were chosen carefully, based on their expertise and experience acquired since Rome, and specifically with a view to keep that configuration all the way to our face-to-face meetings, as we believe that consistency will be beneficial in the long-term. 

Having said this, we realise that two weeks in August will not be enough time to do everything. Moreover, coming out of the virtual SBSTTA and SBI meetings, we have observed that virtual meetings are not a substitute for face-to-face meetings, and as such, we are currently finalizing discussions with the CoP Bureau regarding face-to-face meetings to wrap up our work as part of WG2020-3. Those discussions take into consideration the need to also advance the work of SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3, in order to be ready for CoP15. Stay tuned for more details in the coming weeks! 


Final note

The urgency to act to halt biodiversity loss not only remains, but also has been further highlighted by recent events. In the background of the pandemic, we have seen record high and low temperatures, devastating floods, ravaging fires, prolonged droughts, ecosystem degradation, over exploitation of species, as well as further intensification in the melting of Arctic ice. All of these events have a tremendous impact on biodiversity, ecosystem services and human health and well-being. We have to confront these sobering events with unrelenting effort and ambition towards a strong post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and its effective and timely implementation. 

As such, the upcoming high-level segment, as part of WG2020-3, organised by Colombia, and the opening of CoP15 in October 2021, organised by China, will provide for the engagement of high-level political figures, the raising of awareness and strengthening of commitments by Parties. We see these events as crucial to engage our leaders directly in our work. 


List of Selected Events Attended by the Co-chairs, where they Delivered Post-2020 GBF Briefings and Engaged in Online Discussions (May 2021 to July 2021)

5 May Petersberg Climate Dialogue XII - Satellite Event, “Green transition for people, nature and climate”
31 MayFinance for Biodiversity
14 JuneChampions for Nature
17 JuneCBD - The Financial sector and the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework
22 JuneCBD-WGB - The Strong Economic Case for Financing Biodiversity
23 June GYBN - Digital Inequality vs. Virtual Negotiations - can this work?!
28 June – 13 JulABS team - 2nd Global Dialogue on DSI
5 JulyThird ASEAN Conference on Biodiversity
7 JulyFAO - Global Dialogue on the Role of Food and Agriculture in the Global Biodiversity Framework (Side Event)
7 JulyFinance for Business - A Nature Positive Goal in the Global Biodiversity Framework - What would this mean for the Financial Sector
22 JulyCo-Chairs briefings on the First Draft of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework


May 2021

It has now been more than a year since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 as a global pandemic. The Pandemic has affected us in many ways; too many lives were lost and we still continue to see many lives being lost. The Pandemic affected implementation of many activities, globally and nationally, including the activities that had been planned after COP14 on the development of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Most of the activities have had to be postponed. However, we need to remain optimistic and continue the work as the drivers of biodiversity loss are unfortunately not on pause or postponed and therefore biodiversity loss is on the increase. 

In the last year, we have shown to what extent human beings are resilient, resourceful, adaptable and capable of finding solutions. In times like this, we find ourselves examining what matters the most to us and planning for the long-term, as we seek to regain recovery from the pandemic. 

We believe that a transition to a sustainable future should be humanity’s utmost goal. Sustainability for us includes reversing biodiversity loss, ensuring nature contributes to people’s needs; nature is valued restored and used wisely, and the equitable sharing of the benefits of natural resources, as well as sharing the responsibility to protect these resources between all, but also between current and future generations. If we are able to achieve these goals, the benefit will be immense. There is no path to ending world hunger and lifting people out poverty, there is no path to preventing future pandemics, and there is no path to stopping the depletion of natural resources and resulting human conflicts, unless we chose the path of sustainability, and this includes taking actions to ensure sustainable use of biodiversity. 

What is needed is for humanity to come together and commit to a plan that will put us on a path to sustainability. The Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework will be an important contribution to this. We need to continue raising the awareness on the issue of biodiversity loss at all levels and the need to make the necessary changes. We, the co-chairs, have been working tirelessly over the last few months to raise awareness for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, participating in various international events, as well as bilateral and multilateral conversations with parties, stakeholders and interest groups.  We have also taken the time to deepen our understanding of your perspectives on various issues and foster better understanding and a climate that enables new solutions to emerge.

Further, we held two webinars under our open stakeholder forum series, which were designed to touch on important cross-cutting issues related to biodiversity and, most importantly, aimed to provide an opportunity to all stakeholders, both party and non-party stakeholders, to share their views. If you did not have a chance to join us during the first two webinars, we encourage you to watch the recordings and read the summary reports:

  • Exploring linkages between climate change and biodiversity for the development of Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (12 January 2021) - This first seminar attracted 1100 participants.  A hundred interventions were made. It kicked-off a number of informal events that are already outlining a concrete roadmap for convergence.
  • Sustainable Agriculture (23 March 2021) - This was a very different event, which while attracting fewer participants (450), led to deeper reflection and the building of bridges to the agriculture and food communities. This event was shortly followed by three other events on the same subject and we are seeing a movement that should culminate in the UN Food Summit in September. Will those foster the large-scale change we will need? We are looking forward to hearing your views on this.

Other issues have also captured our attention and these include:

  • Resource mobilization and financial mechanism:  We are now fortunate to have a good understanding of the needs (through e.g. the Paulson and Dasgupta studies). These needs are huge. The COVID crisis has affected the availability of funding for biodiversity and we need to design new strategies and make the case for the consequences of underfunding or delaying funding to address biodiversity loss. The cost of inaction is much higher than the value of investing in nature. Resource mobilization will indeed be a combination of several innovative solutions. The challenge will be to keep our mind open to those.
  • Another issue is Digital Sequence Information: A complex issue, the details of which may not be understood by many. This is an area that requires time to grasp and as our understanding increases, we are challenged to change our paradigm. In that change, it will be important to be clear on our objective and also to be open to new approaches and innovative solutions.

Finally, we would like to take this opportunity to congratulate the CBD Secretariat and the chairs of the two Subsidiary Bodies on their excellent work on preparing and managing the virtual informal SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3 meetings that took place in February and March this year. 

We have learned to appreciate both the opportunities and the challenges of holding meetings virtually. We have accommodated more participants than ever before, more parties and more non-party stakeholders. This will facilitate engagement across departments and implementation, but we believe that there were no other alternatives that would have allowed us to balance our desire for continued progress and the inability to meet in-person. Conversely, virtual meetings proved to be advantageous in some respects, as exemplified by the higher than usual number of participating countries, larger delegations and higher than usual amount of time provided to non-state actors to make interventions. 

Next steps

China has set dates for COP15, which is set to take place from (11 to 24 October 2021). This provides us with a clear target that enables us to plan forward. It will not be easy, as there is no time to spare to get everything done in time.

Rest assured that we, together with the Bureau, are motivated by a desire to ensure that this schedule continues to be participatory, inclusive and flexible to enable the creation of a framework that addresses the ambitions of parties and stakeholders to give their views. 

Given the continued uncertainty and inability to travel due to the ongoing pandemic, the Bureaux have agreed that the formal SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3 meetings will be held virtually and that the outcome of these meetings will be communicated to the WG2020 and to the CoP, with the understanding that this process will be completed at the physical meetings of the two bodies. We are very happy that this process is moving forward with the support of all Parties and we would like to the COP Presidency and the host of COP-15, as well the SBI and SBSTTA Chairs and Bureau members for their efforts to reach consensus on the way forward. The two Bureaux and the Secretariat have made preparations and the meetings will take place between May 3 and June 13. 

The SBSTTA and SBI meetings will provide important information that will allow us to prepare a new draft of the Post-2020 GBF, Draft One, by June 21st. and to hold the WG2020-3 meeting six weeks later,. We are keeping in mind the mandate you gave us at the second meeting of the OEWG in Rome last year i.e. reflect those discussions, the remaining thematic consultation and the advice from the SBSTTA and SBI. We expect this will reflect a significant evolution of the text, but not a revolution.

Again, according to the step-by-step approach, a decision on the modalities and timing of the WG2020-3 process will be taken in early June, once we are clear on the experience of the SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3 formal meetings.

This will require an unprecedented level of effort from all of us over the coming 6 weeks!

Recognizing the demands on all of us, the Bureau has asked us not to schedule further Open Stakeholder Forum webinars during this time. This makes sense. Therefore, we will determine in June-July when the next open webinar will take place. 

We learned a lot from the informal SBI and SBSTTA meetings, and the Chairs and Secretariat will be doing all that is in their power to ensure the principles of the convention, such as transparency, are upheld and to accommodate participants, including by scheduling meetings at alternating times, so that the burden of time zone inconvenience is shared more equitably. As such, we hope that most of your concerns will be alleviated and that the meetings will be productive in terms of providing us, the co-chairs, with good advice that can be translated into draft one of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. 

We encourage you to prepare well for the formal SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3 meetings and to incorporate concrete suggestions on the development of the post2020 GBF in your interventions. We realize that there will be challenges but, we urge you to be patient and understanding, to focus on the outcome and help the Secretariat by providing options and solutions when you can. We urge you to engage as much as you can in plenaries and contact groups. This will enable us to prepare a good Draft One of the Post-2020 GBF to deliver a good framework.

List of Selected Events Attended by the Co-chairs, where they Delivered Post-2020 GBF Briefings and Engaged in Online Discussions (December 2020 to April 2021)



December 15

Biodiversity, One Health and the response to COVID-19

December 17

UNEP - Integrating gender-specific indicators in the post-2020 global biodiversity framework

January 12

Stakeholder Open Webinar -  Exploring linkages between climate change and biodiversity for the development of Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

January 13

Mountain Biodiversity Day

January 18

Bern II

January 21

Cote d’Ivoire - Atelier d’analyse du Draft Du Cadre Mondial Post 2020 Pour La Diversité Biologique

January 22

Asia Pacific Biodiversity Observation Network 12th Workshop

February 11

World Sustainable Development Summit 2021 - Examining interlinkages to Climate Action, Biodiversity protection and Circular Economy

February 18

UNEA5 - Strengthening Non State Actor Commitments for Biodiversity in the context of the post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and Sustainable Development Goals

March 3

Indonesian government briefing

March 17

International Chamber of Commerce - Commission on Environment and Energy

March 24

UNESCO - Forum Sur La Biodiversité

March 24-25-26

Regional consultations (timing and modalities of SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3)

April 13

Fifth Science Policy Forum for Biodiversity and Eight International Conference on Sustainability Science (ICSS 8)

April 20

NY Event – 2021 – raising ambition for nature

April 21

Criteria for DSI Policy Options

April 22

IICA – Third Virtual Session 2021 for COP-MOP Options

April 27

Coalition of Finance Ministers for Climate Action - Coalition Stakeholder Dialogue with Executive Secretary of the CBD and Co-chairs of OEWG

May 4

Peers to the Planet

May 5

Petersberg Climate Dialogue XII - Satellite Event “Green transition for people, nature and climate”

December 2020

We hope that you and your family are healthy during these unpredictable and very difficult times by about mainly due to COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has affected most across the globe, with some losing their loved ones. We continue to pray for them and to wish those who are sick quick recovery 

Despite the challenges of pandemic, this blog post is to let you know that we are continuing to consult, engage and work with as many of our colleagues and stakeholders as possible, including CBD Parties, the Bureau, SBSTTA, SBI, and countless partners. COVID-19 will not stop us from building on the growing ambition to keep the momentum to protect global biodiversity. Our mutual understanding is crucial in order to ensure a successful negotiation and an effective Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Since March 2020, we have been on a learning curve, using new online platforms, which have proven to be both challenging and useful. These online platforms have not only kept our momentum going, but also have provided the opportunity for a broader range of participants to join online discussions, who would not normally be joining us in-person at our meetings. 

In July 2020, we were pleased to help kick-off the Sustainable Use thematic consultations. Over the course of three months, hundreds of people, including Party representatives, technical experts, and stakeholders, came together online to share their views, complete surveys, provide written submissions, and discuss how sustainable use concepts could be integrated into the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and its implementation. We look forward to seeing the report!

As you know, OEWG3 was originally planned for August 2020 but due to COVID-19, it has been postponed. Instead (and in order to maintain the excitement for global biodiversity), the CBD hosted a Momentum Week in September 2020. During that week, a series of webinars were held to drive global biodiversity broadly into the online space and bring the global biodiversity community together again. On September 15th, we received a summary of the fifth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook, which confirmed that we still have much work ahead of us. In particular, we noted the proposed strategy for transition, which provides us with useful direction to realise our Vision. The Momentum Week was followed by a couple of webinars on review mechanisms where we were able to share views on challenges, lessons learned and successes of different reporting/review scenarios, including voluntary peer review results. For the last webinar of Momentum week, we presented an overview of the updated Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (released on August 17), including where we are in the process, and what we are doing to move forward. 

Momentum Week further helped build the anticipation for the United Nations Biodiversity Summit convened by the President of the United Nations General Assembly on September 30th.  The theme of the Summit was “Urgent action on biodiversity for sustainable development.” This high-level event, brought together heads of states from 124 countries to help raise political ambition for biodiversity. A notable outcome of this Summit was the Leaders Pledge for Nature. To date, 78 countries have signed on and committed to reverse biodiversity loss by 2030. This provide a very clear message of political will and ambition, and demonstrates the high-level commitments to our process.

We attended the Paris Peace Forum conference, Finance in Common, on November 13, where the Executive Secretary of the CBD, Mrs. Elizabeth Mrema, and representatives of international financial institutions shared their views under the theme of “Building Back Better with a Biodiversity-Positive Economy.” The discussions that was had provided a lot of hope in terms of the potential to find a solution for resource mobilization, given that 450 public development banks have already committed trillions of dollars to help align finance flows with the future post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

Finally, like many of you, we attended the Special Virtual Session on Biodiversity, One Health and the response to COVID-19.  This was an important opportunity to explore how the Global Biodiversity Framework could consider those issues.  We noted the presentation  by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, which reports on a recent Workshop on  these issues. This work and the Session discussion draws the links between the degradation of nature and increasing pandemic risks, as well as highlights the importance of and advocates for the work we are doing, namely reducing biodiversity loss, conservation of protected areas and sustainable use of natural resources. Achieving those goals will allow us to reduce the wildlife-livestock-human contact and will help prevent the spillover of new diseases.  This Session gave us also an important opportunity to familiarize ourselves with on line discussion and to work out technical challenges.

Designing the Future

As we continue on this unpredictable journey, we have to find innovative ways to continue making progress. Nature will not wait for us, and biodiversity loss will continue. We are working to ensure that the post-2020 process does not stop and embodies an approach based on inclusivity, enabling all to participate. Stopping now to resume later using 2019 (pre-COVID) assumptions are no longer options. Together with the Bureau and the chairs of the other Subsidiary bodies, we have worked to find the best way to move forward and offer a genuine opportunity to engage all. The current plan is in our view the best that could be crafted. It is a compromise and we are all aware that it is not perfect and that some were promoting different options. Undoubtedly there will be technical hiccups and we will need to be patient. Furthermore, if we want to maximize the value of our investment in this (time, preparation work etc.), let us engage fully in the discussions.

We have heard about the challenges experienced by non-government actors and have created a series of open stakeholder forum webinars that will provide opportunity to have broader discussions.

We welcome with great interest the Edinburgh declaration. This is a great way to engage subnational governments. Now, we are asking ourselves (and you!) whether we should make space for regional institutions (e.g. regional seas agreements) in a similar way.

Our success will depend on our engagement and participation. Let’s make the best of it!

Next Steps

Please find bellow a list of events we participated in since the last blog post for your information.  Some are information sessions on particular subjects, others are discussions. We will also be entering the informal sessions of SBSTTA and SBI. You can count on our engagement, flexibility and patience as we manage this new path. We hope we can count on yours too.

Let us close by wishing all the very best for the holiday season!  First and foremost, let’s wish ourselves a successful Global Biodiversity Framework in the new year! Stay safe.


List of Co-Chairs’ Attendance to Deliver Post-2020 Briefings and Engage in Online Discussions since mid-July 2020 to early December 2020



July 13

EU - China Dialogue

July 14

Urgent Action on Biodiversity for Sustainable Development – Update on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework with a focus on how biodiversity contributes to Planetary and Human Health” (Side Event for the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development)

July 14

Committee on Fisheries (COFI) Biodiversity Panel (FAO)

July 27

Sustainable Use Thematic Consultation

Aug 4-5

Consultation: National Biodiversity Authority (India)

Aug 10

ECOWAS Regional Consultations on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Aug 26

Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework: Business and Biodiversity (Chinese businesses and civil society)

Sept 3

EU Expert Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Sept 8

Biodiversity Liaison Group

Sept 8

Indaba (South Africa)

Sept 9

Bern2 webinar

Sept 18

Momentum week: Joint Briefing on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (SBI Chair, SBSTTA Chair, and OEWG Co-Chairs)

Sept 23

Third Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Conference on Biodiversity 2020 (ACB 2020) Kick-Off Event: The ASEAN - CBD Virtual Dialogue on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (hosted by: ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity)

Sept 23

Edinburgh Process: Subnational and Local Governments

Sept 24

China Ministerial Roundtable: Biodiversity Beyond 2020: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth (China)

Sept 28

Nature for Life Hub: Global Ambition Day, Creating a Nature-Based Planetary Safety Net

Oct 15

Infrastructure and Nature Webinar Series (originally a side event for IUCN Congress)

Oct 22

Daring Cities: ICLEI Cities Biodiversity Centre High Level Session: Towards Adopting a Renewed Decision on Local and Subnational Governments at the Biodiversity COP

Oct 22

EU Green Week: Toward Zero Air Pollution Pressure on the Ecosystems

Oct 22

The Road to Kunming: High-Level Workshop on Biodiversity, Climate and Governance (hosted by: Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law and China Dialogue)

Oct 23

National Consultative Meeting in Preparation for SBSTTA-24 (hosted by: East African Community)

Oct 26

Authorities of the Permanent Secretariat of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) 

Oct 27

Workshop on Regional Seas Programmes and the Post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Nov 3

Linking Science and Policy for the Sustainable Use and Conservation of Biodiversity (hosted by: Young Ecosystem Service Specialists and West African Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services)

Nov 6

International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity

Nov 12

Finance in Common Summit

Nov 25

10th Pacific Islands Conference

Nov 25

Women4Biodiversity – Gender Based Violence and Environmental linkages

Nov 26

OECD – 2020 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum: Securing natural capital: Resilience, risk management and Covid-19

Nov 26 

Second online interactive exchanges on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and Sustainable Food Systems

Nov 30

On the way to COP15: scientific and political views on the IPBES report on biodiversity and pandemics

Dec 3

International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity (2nd dialogue)

Dec 4

Eighth Special Session of African Ministerial Conference on Environment

July 2020

Since our last blog entry in April, we have been busy providing briefings at online international events and meetings, updating the Post-2020 Goals and Targets based on WG2020-2 outcomes, working with the SBSTTA and SBI Chairs in preparation for SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3, and hosting our own series of webinars. 

Since April, we have been honoured to have been able to directly connect with Parties, stakeholders, and other important Post-2020 partners by participating in the following meetings:

  • The Edinburgh Process for subnational and local governments
  • Briefings with NGOs
  • An event on International Biodiversity Day with the Global Youth Biodiversity Network (GYBN)
  • The 6th Africa Civil Society Meeting Towards Influencing the Post-2020 Convention on Biodiversity Framework
  • Virtual Oceans dialogues during UN Oceans Week
  • A briefing with the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity
  • Virtual Dialogues with the World Economic Forum, Chinese Businesses and Civil Society Organizations at the Civil Society Alliance for Biodiversity Conservation forum
  • An event with the UN Women’s Caucus
  • The EU Workshop on Transformative Change in the Global Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework
  • The Club of Rome’s Planetary Emergency initiative
  • WWF’s Online Interactive Discussion on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and Sustainable Food Systems
  • Generation Climate Europe’s event: Mobilizing corporates for sustainable use of nature – the role of measuring impacts and dependencies on biodiversity
  • The Committee on Fisheries (COFI) (a subsidiary body of the FAO Council) Biodiversity Panel
  • A side event of the High Level Political Forum (HLPF): Urgent Action on Biodiversity for Sustainable Development – Update on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework with a focus on how biodiversity contributes to Planetary and Human Health

As you may have seen COP-15 is now planned to take place from 17-30 May in Kunming, China and SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3 are now planned to take place later this year from  November 2 to 7 November 2020 and 9 to 14 November respectively.  Given the ongoing uncertainties resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, including restrictions on travel and the convening of large physical gatherings, these dates may change. Further the timing of the third meeting of the Working Group is dependent, in part ,on when these meetings will take place as both will provide important inputs to the post-2020 process. As such we are working closely with the COP Bureau and the Secretariat to monitor the situation and, as required, prepare alternatives.

SBSTTA-24 Peer Review

On June 25th, we were pleased to help initiate  the peer review of three documents related to the post-2020 global biodiversity framework which are being made available for the consideration of SBSTTA-24. These documents were initially  made available for a month long peer review. The review comments are being made available on the post-2020 page and will be considered in the finalization of the three documents, which will be made available later for consideration by SBSTTA-24 . We have heard from several of you that you would prefer to have more time for peer review beyond 4 weeks.  We are pleased therefore that the Secretariat has extended the period until 15 August. This means that the final document will be made available in September, rather than August, but still respecting the 6 weeks deadline. We encourage you to send your comments and views during this peer review period.

To facilitate your review of the documents we have also made available a document providing annotations for the terms and concepts used in the updated goals and targets. This document, which is not for peer review, provides context and explains how we see the terms and concepts in the updated goals and targets. All documents that are for peer review are available on the CBD website, and are listed below:

The Monitoring Framework includes a number of columns for consideration. As we have heard loud and clear, monitoring elements and indicators must be developed in parallel with the development of the post-2020 Framework, as such we are seeking your comments on the columns that outline proposed monitoring elements, components, indicators and the availability of baseline data.

The Monitoring Framework document also includes updated interim post-2020 goals and targets, as well as new 2030 milestones. These are based on the outcomes of WG2020-2 and recent thematic consultations. However, these goals/targets/milestones are not for negotiation at SBSTTA-24, rather we drafted these as interim thoughts to give you a better context for the SBSTTA discussions to help with the scientific and technical validation of the monitoring framework in advance of WG2020-3. We must respect that Parties are now in the formal negotiations phase of the post-2020 process. This means that the formal negotiations of the goals and targets will be happen at WG2020-3. What we have presented in this document, is interim text, building from the Zero Draft and the outcomes of WG2020-2 and the thematic consultations that have taken place so far . Once SBSTTA and SBI provide their advice and recommendations to us, we will update the entire framework as Draft 1.0, which will support the formal negotiations by CBD Parties at WG2020-3 in Cali, Colombia. 

Post-2020 & SBSTTA-24 Webinars

Working closely with the Chair of SBSTTA and the CBD Secretariat, we hosted a webinar, four times in order to accommodate four different time zones. Our presentation provided an overview of the progress in the post-2020 process and on perspectives on how the SBSTTA-24 discussions will be framed in order for us to receive advice/recommendations to develop Draft 1.0 of the Framework and to help the Parties further inform their thinking as we move ahead to the next round of negotiations at WG2020-3.

In our view, the webinars were very successful, with active participation from over 1,000 participants from all over the world, over the four time zones, via webinar, YouTube and Facebook Live. 

Over 150 questions were posed to us during these webinars, and they were mainly regarding:

  1. The SBSTTA process and it's relation to WG2020-3,
  2. The documents, 
  3. When Goals and Targets would be negotiated, 
  4. Adoption of baselines and indicators without finalised Goals and Targets
  5. Timeline and logistics: 
  6. Dates for upcoming meetings (particularly upcoming thematic consultations and DSI), 
  7. Online meeting concerns (ex. for LDCs due to internet access)
  8. Baselines: 
  9. Questions around the definition of baseline, 
  10. Intensity of monitoring and database.
  11. Indicators: 
  12. Emphasis regarding the need for SDG links, 
  13. The presence of headline indicators, 
  14. Issues related to desegregation of data at national/regional/local levels and on how to report on those regarding capacity and resources
  15. SBI webinars: 
  16. A lot of questions and interest to hold similar webinars for SBI-3

General Conclusions from the Webinars

We note that post-2020 stakeholders see SBSTTA, SBI and WG2020 work in an integrated way to support the development of the GBF.  Stakeholders’ expectations are that the SBI and SBSTTA Chairs, WG2020 Co-Chairs, and the CBD Secretariat work seamlessly together. We are committed to align our processes and carry out this integration.  This includes having integrated discussions on issues that may ultimately end up in the GBF and in various COP 15 decision.

Preparation for SBI-3

We are pleased to announce that we will be hosting another round of post-2020 webinars in advance of SBI-3, once the document for Agenda item 5 and the updated full framework (that reflects the views from Rome and thematic consultations) are posted online.  Be on the lookout for this, we are still confirming dates and times. We look forward to the continued post-2020 discussions on SBI issues.

Sustainable Use Thematic Workshop

Originally we had planned the Sustainable Use thematic as a face-to-face consultation, but with the current situation, we had to shift our plans. The meeting has been moved online and, instead, we have planned a series of webinars, an online survey, and an online moderated forum, under the oversight of two Co-Leads. If you are interested, please register here by July 23rd.

The first introductory webinar will be held on July 27th. The online survey will be available from July 27th to August 17th.  The online moderated forum will take place from the 7th to 11th of September. Lastly, the second round of webinars where you will receive an overview of results of the consultations will take place on October 6th and 8th (to cover two time zones). 

We are looking forward to receiving concrete and constructive inputs on all the different elements of the draft framework that relate to the sustainable use of biodiversity, to help us in drafting version 1.0 of the Framework in advance of the formal negotiations at WG2020-3.

Thank you for all your dynamic participation to date in the post-2020 process. We are very pleased with your continued momentum and support for a strong global biodiversity commitment and your contributions to increasing public awareness to support high ambition for biodiversity-positive results.

Francis Ogwal and Basile van Havre

OEWG Post-2020 Co-Chairs


April 2020

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been devastating. We offer our support to those who are suffering and condolences to those who have lost loved ones. We have been adapting to this new reality by harnessing our collective resilience to continue to build a strong Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework together. As you know, after a successful WG2020-2, the events in the past two months have changed the world and consequently, our Post-2020 process as well, including delaying SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3, and potentially all meetings that follow. 

We think it is imperative to carry on with our duties and to continue working even in the circumstances that we find ourselves in.  It is important that we still have a plan to meet our objectives to develop the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.  Given this uncertain situation, we understand that our plans may be adjusted as the world takes action to fight the pandemic. We continue to work closely with the Secretariat and SBSTTA and SBI Chairs and are engaged in the monthly COP Bureau meetings to ensure that scheduling and timelines are aligned with the Post-2020 process. 

As the COVID-19 crisis has affected many international processes, finding the right time for scheduling the  WG2020-3 meeting is a priority for us and depends on many other global events , including events to increase political ambition for biodiversity. For example, the UNGA Biodiversity Summit (September 2020), IUCN Congress (January 7-15, 2021), and UNFCCC CoP26 (tbd) are important meetings that will help to continue elevate the international profile of biodiversity; we also need to take into consideration of other events, such as, the Chinese Spring Festival and Communist Party Central Congress (in March 2021), Holy Week (last week of March 2021), and Ramadan (April 12-May 11, 2021). As you may realize, we are all working within the confines of a few open windows of time where we can maximize participation at our meetings. 

History has shown us that even in these difficult times, there are still opportunities that emerge. When this COVID-19 pandemic is under control, we may see that the global community may have a renewed interest in resilience and protection from global threats (like biodiversity loss and climate change). There may also be a renewed interest in collaboration through multilateral institutions. Economic stimulus represents an opportunity to advance some of our priorities (e.g. restoration of degraded ecosystems, reduction in loss of species among others). This pandemic is also forcing ourselves to find new ways of working that we could consider carrying over to the long-term, which may benefit the world’s biodiversity. 

WG2020-2: Reflections

Thank you for joining us in Rome this past February and we would like to express our sincere gratitude to The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations for hosting us in Rome. In the midst of planning and during WG2020-2, we recognized that the global COVID-19 situation drastically shifted. This meant some participants were not able to join as planned, some had to leave early, and others had flights canceled and were scrambling to find flights home. We further wanted to note that we appreciate everyone’s patience and understanding on the ground who complied with the temporary protocols that were instituted at the FAO building (i.e., daily fever checks).  We would also like to share our appreciation to all participants and the Secretariat staff who came to WG2020-2.  Your calmness and flexibility throughout the meeting were crucial to its success. Further, we would like to thank you for sharing information with our colleagues and counterparts who couldn’t join or left early - but were still working hard back home. To us, this highlights our strong collaborative spirit and positive ethos which stood out and kept us all moving forward together during these unpredictable times. 

We were pleased that the meeting could be held in its entirety, and that we could and listen to the discussions during the lunchtime information sessions (Outcomes of the First Global Dialogue on Digital Sequence Information, Resource Mobilization / Financial Mechanisms, and the Role of Financial and Business Sectors in Implementation) and participate at the virtual panel of the World Economic Forum “The Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework and the Role of Science,”.  We found that through these discussions and presentations, many ideas and proposals were introduced and your interventions were productive and informative.  We note that the WG2020-2 results are clear: The Working Group wants an ambitious post-2020 Framework that is easy to communicate, based on science, reflects the three objectives of the Convention, and provides the tools and conditions for strengthened reporting and successful implementation.


Refining the Zero Draft and Next Steps 

We are continuing to review the outcomes of discussions from WG2020-2 and working to refine the Zero Draft. The outcomes of the second meeting has given us the foundation and mandate to move forward and we have a clear sense of Parties’ views on priority elements that are key to be included in the Post-2020 Framework. 

WG2020-2 Plenary

Like what we did for the first and second meetings, we are preparing a Scenario Note in advance of SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3. The Scenario Note will provide background, our approach and expectations as we continue the post-2020 process. 

We are also working with both SBSTTA and SBI Chairs to align our processes to ensure that their recommendations to us are concrete, clear and on track to contribute to the next version of the Draft Framework.  We are eager to receive recommendations from both SBSTTA and SBI in August 2020 (Montreal).  Based on this postponed date and overall post-2020 process timelines, we are also working with the Secretariat and the host countries as they explore scheduling options for WG2020-3 and COP 15.  

We would also like to emphasize that SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3 will be the last opportunities to provide concrete technical and administrative advice for the Post-2020 process before WG2020-3. It is therefore important to ensure that the advice received from SBSTTA and SBI are both practical and can easily be integrated into the Framework and COP 15 decisions.


For SBSTTA-24, we are preparing a document that takes into account the discussions and outcomes of WG2020-2. In this document, we will provide temporary language of updated draft goals and targets and proposed components. The Working Group requested SBSTTA to conduct a scientific and technical analysis of the updated goals and targets, as well as developing potential monitoring elements, indicators and baselines based on those interim goals and targets. These interim goals and targets are not to be negotiated at this time, rather they are intended to provide SBSTTA with the foundation to kick-off deliberations, and help guide their scientific and technical validation work for the Post-2020 Framework. 

Other information documents for SBSTTA-24 will be available in advance: (1) scientific and technical information (including possible baselines); (2) an updated glossary; and (3) an updated draft of the Framework focused on elements relevant to SBSTTA (i.e., putting the temporary/interim updated goals and targets in a textual format).  We will also participate in a series of webinars to provide you with briefings on these documents and an opportunity for you to seek clarification.


For SBI-3, the Post-2020 theme will run through many of its agenda items, including resource mobilization and financial mechanisms; capacity-building, technical and scientific cooperation, technology transfer, knowledge management and communication; cooperation with other conventions, international organizations and initiatives; mechanisms for reporting, assessment and review of implementation; and mainstreaming. SBI-3 will also consider elements including biosafety, access and benefit sharing, and Article 8(j) and its related provisions, in line with decisions from the COP and MOPs. The outcomes from SBI-3 are crucial to the successful implementation of the Post-2020 Framework. Although we are not providing documents for SBI-3, we are working with the Chair to ensure that the scope and focus of their discussions will result in concrete recommendations with clear direction on how to incorporate their advice into the draft Framework. Parties, we encourage you to be creative and open throughout your discussions and explore different options.

Post-2020  Briefing

We are planning for an informal OEWG briefing to provide all SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3 delegates an opportunity to hear updates and progress made to date.  We plan that this will take place between SBSTTA-24 and SBI-3.


We are working on plans to convene WG2020-3 no earlier than nine weeks after the close of SBI-3. We will provide an updated draft Framework online six weeks in advance of the meeting. Similar to our roll out of the Zero Draft, we are also planning to host a series of webinars to walk everyone through the new draft of the Framework.

COP 15

We are supporting the COP Bureau and Secretariat in planning for COP 15. This meeting will be held no earlier than nine weeks after the close of WG2020-3. This allows time for drafting of materials, editing and translation, as well as, six weeks to allow time for Parties to review the documents. 

WG2020-2 Pleanary

Other Post-2020 Processes

As for the timing of other Post-2020 processes, we are working with the Secretariat to continue planning for the thematic consultations and workshops that have been delayed. We have already participated in online briefings to discuss synergies between multilateral environment agreements (MEAs) and are awaiting for the timing for another synergies workshop. We are also exploring online approaches for the postponed thematic consultation on Sustainable Use. 

In regards to the written submissions channel. Thank you for all your submissions to date. We have a wide range of Parties, Other Governments and observers who provided substantive and thoughtful comments on key elements of the Framework and on the Zero Draft. As announced at the start of WG2020-2, Parties had entered the third phase of the Post-2020 process: the negotiations phase. This in turn means, we are no longer able to consider further written submissions. However, you are still able to send written submissions to the Secretariat which will be posted online. This will be a useful way to engage Parties who can find advice online from colleagues and experts while developing their positions.

 We are eager to continue this journey with you and we send best wishes to everyone for good health,

 Francis Ogwal & Basile van Havre

Co-Chairs of the Open-Ended Working Group


February 2020

We are pleased to report that the Thematic Consultations on Resource mobilization were completed successfully. 

Thematic Consultations on Resource mobilization 

We are looking forward to the upcoming consultations (Capacity Building; Monitoring, Reporting and Review; and Sustainable Use).  A second meeting of the Bern process for coordination between biodiversity-related conventions is also planned for March 25 to 27. 

1. WG2020-2  


As you know the location of the meeting had to be changed from Kunming to Rome.  We would like to recognize the enormous efforts being taken by the Government of the People’s Republic of China to control the outbreak of the novel coronavirus and the need to avoid any disruption of these efforts. We would, therefore, like to thank them for their substantial efforts and commitment in ensuring that the working group meets, as scheduled, at another location. We would also like to thank all those involved in making sure that the meeting, as well as the two consultations referenced above, will go ahead smoothly. Particularly we would like to thank the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for offering to host the meeting at such short notice. We are confident that logistic arrangements have been finalized for the meeting.


First, we were very pleased to have been able to publish, on the deadline, the zero draft of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework in all UN languages!

We provided to Parties and other stakeholders regional briefings on the zero draft through virtual meetings.  We are pleased to report that these briefing were successful. Close to two hundred of you have participated and we have gathered valuable input and advice through this exercise! To view an example of a regional briefing, please take a look at the video below:

Some of you are also providing us with written submissions.  All submissions are being made available here .  We encourage you to review these submissions and to keep them in mind during the WG2020-2 discussion. 

We will also issue shortly a scenario note  that will details our expectations and advice for the WG2020-2. This will be an important read too. 

2. Preparation for SBSTTA

As you recall, the Conference of the Parties requested the SBSTTA to contribute to the development of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. In addition, SBSTTA-24 will be considering information on the possible targets, indicators and baselines related to the drivers of biodiversity loss as well as on species conservation and the mainstreaming of biodiversity across sectors. In order to do this effectively SBSTTA will need to have the most up to date information for its 24th meeting, particularly so that it can provide scientific and technical advice on the proposed targets and indicators for the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. To that effect, we will prepare a document that will present the outcome of WG2020-2 relevant to their work (i.e. scientific and technical validation of the framework and development of a list of indicators). 

Francis Ogwal & Basile van Havre

Co-chairs of the Open-Ended Working Group


December 2019

As the holiday season approaches, and knowing that many will be taking a well-deserved break, we wanted to provide you with an update of what we have been doing, and what we are planning for the new year.  This later part enabling you to better prepare for OEWG2.

In Montreal, between 19 November and 3 December 2019, we presented updates of the progress of Post-2020 process at the Global Dialogue with IPLCs on Post-2020, the Eleventh meeting of the Ad Hoc Open ended Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Expert Workshop on the Communications Strategy, Informal OEWG Briefing, SBSTTA-23, and the ABCM thematic workshop. 

ABCM Thematic Workshop, 1-3 December 2019, Montreal, Canada
ABCM Thematic Workshop, 1-3 December 2019, Montreal, Canada

We had many opportunities to hold several informal discussion and briefings.  We took advantage and held as many meetings as we could with our colleagues working within the post-2020 process, including the Acting Executive Secretary, UNEP Executive Director, CoP Bureau, SBSTTA and SBI Chairs, COP15 Presidency, the regions, NGOs, students, United Nations Environment Management Group (EMG), United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and Parties.

At all these meetings and events, we were pleased with the general interest in both the process and content of the post-2020 Framework. We were delighted to hear positive feedback and critical engagement from a broad range of perspectives that we could take back to the drafting of the Framework. 

The Informal OEWG Briefing (November 24th)

Full house at the Informal OEWG Briefing, 24 November 2019, Montreal, Canada

What a great turnout we had to the Informal OEWG Briefing! Not only was the main room full, we also had three overflow rooms, and people still came to listen even though it was standing room only! 

We appreciate your sincere interest and understand that the post-2020 process is a priority for CBD Parties and stakeholders.  We presented a preliminary overview of our proposed preliminary elements of the zero draft of Global Biodiversity Framework, including how we are approaching the new Framework through a theory of change that will result in concrete steps to achieve the 2050 Vision. 

To view the proceedings, please take a look:

For all documents, please visit this link:

OEWG Co-Chairs Presenting at the Informal OEWG Briefing, 24 November 2019, Montreal, Canada
OEWG Co-Chairs Presenting at the Informal OEWG Briefing, 24 November 2019, Montreal, Canada

Onwards to 2020!

13 January 2020

We are happy to announce that we will have the first zero draft Global Biodiversity Framework for you by mid-January in all UN languages.  Should your region or sub-region want a briefing via teleconference or Webex, please let us know and we will try to arrange this.


  1. We are proposing to minimize time in plenary and to maximize time allocated to Contact group(s).
  2. We want to ensure that Contact group work is inclusive and that, at the same time, we are able to cover the entirety of the document.   a. To do this, we are considering replicating the SBSTTA-23 Contact group practice and to develop an agenda identifying what subject will be covered, at what time, and possibly identifying key questions that will be covered.  b. We also suggest to maximize the time allocated to a single Contact group and ensure it covers all issues of general interest.  However, we may have to deal with specific technical issues in two, time-limited, parallel sessions.  
  3. We also understand the need to discuss Digital Sequencing Information.  It will be on the agenda.

Safe and Happy Holidays to all - Next up, it’s the super year for Biodiversity!

Francis Ogwal & Basile van Havre

October 2019

It’s been a busy and exciting couple of months for the Post-2020 Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG)!

We are pleased to share with you that we successfully concluded OEWG’s inaugural meeting (OEWG1), a follow-up Co-Chairs’ planning meeting, and reviewed many written submissions on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. 

Now we are eager to pursue the next steps with all Parties and stakeholders leading to the development of a new global biodiversity framework expected to be adopted at COP15. We are preparing for the November 24th briefing to provide update since first OEWG meeting in August in Nairobi. We will also provide updates on the preparation for OEWG2 as well as updates on our collaboration and networking with colleagues at SBTTA, WG8J and SBI.


From August 27th to 30th, the first OEWG meeting was held at the United Nations offices in Nairobi, Kenya. 

We heard opening statements made by Mr. Hamdallah Zedan on behalf of the Bureau of the Presidency of the CoP; Ms. Cristiana Paşca Palmer, Executive Secretary of the CBD; Ms. Inger Andersen, Executive Director of the UNEP; as well as regional groups and NGOs. 

We discussed the future work programme, and the key elements of the structure of a global biodiversity framework. We also convened a discussion group to explore the multiple key elements and to work together towards a broad and common understanding of the vision, mission, goals and targets of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. We appreciate the dedication of discussion group Co-Chairs, Ms. Charlotta Sorqvist of Sweden and Mr. Dilosharvo Dustov of Tajikistan, who facilitated a dynamic and productive dialogue.

The OEWG also requested that the Co-Chairs invite SBSTTA and WG8J to undertake post-2020 tasks and bring forward any additional recommendations relevant to the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. 

These tasks and recommendations would be emerging from their deliberations prior to COP-15, and with reference to the findings of the IPBES Global Assessment. More specifically, we are inviting SBSTTA to provide elements concerning guidance on specific goals, SMART targets, indicators, baselines, and monitoring frameworks. These elements should relate to the drivers of biodiversity loss, aiming to achieve transformational change, within the scope of the three objectives of the Convention. We are also inviting the WG8J to consider relevant post-2020 aspects in developing its future work programme.

Between plenary sessions, we had direct conversations with regional groups, youth, and the Africa Protected Areas Congress Programme meeting. We also had the opportunity to have several informal meetings with many participants, who shared their views directly with us.  

OEWG Co-Chairs and Youth at OEWG1

To support participants in their discussions and negotiations, lunchtime information sessions were organized, instead of numerous parallel side-events on a wide variety of issues. We tested this new approach at OEWG1 for use at future meetings of the Working Group. We hoped that these sessions would support participants in their discussions and negotiations. We have heard positive reactions from participants and have decided that we will continue to organize them at OEWG2 and OEWG3.

Generally speaking, we are delighted that this first working group meeting set a positive tone to kick-off phase two of the post-2020 process. This is a very exciting time for all of us, and your enthusiasm expressed at OEWG1 came through in all our discussions. We hope your passion continues to grow leading up to CoP15 and beyond.

You can find all OEWG1 documents here. All the statements made by Parties and observers at OEWG1, as well as written submissions on proposals on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework can be found here. If you haven’t had the chance to see our workplan, please visit the post-2020 webpage and scroll to the bottom of the page. See the “Preparation Timeline” where it’s updated regularly to reflect all upcoming meetings relating to the work of the OEWG.

OEWG1 Adjourned!

Informal Co-Chairs’ Planning Meeting

From September 17-19th, we were in Montreal to follow-up on the results of OEWG1 discussions and our next steps in the post-2020 process. We discussed an updated workplan and how we can engage SBSTTA better. We also went over the views expressed by the Parties at plenary, the written submissions, and the results from the Discussion Group. We tried to outline possible options to structure the global biodiversity framework based on our understandings of the views from the Parties. We also started to prepare for our informal briefing of (November 24th 2019 Montreal, Canada) and OEWG2 (February 24-28, 2020 Kunming, China). 

SBSTTA-23 and Informal OEWG Briefing by the Co-Chairs

We will host an Informal Briefing for Parties and Observers on Sunday, 24 November 2019. As requested by OEWG1, this meeting will provide an update on the status of preparations for the second meeting of the Working Group and a preliminary overview of the zero draft text of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. 

At a special post-2020 session at SBSTTA-23 we plan seeking advice from SBSTTA on key elements of the structure, sharing options of the structure, and discussing indicators and baselines. 

We plan to have the Zero draft of the global biodiversity framework document by mid-January 2020 for discussion at OEWG2. 

Update on Consultations and Thematic Workshops 

For your reference, we are pleased to share with you the concept notes for upcoming thematic workshops:

Onwards and upwards! We look forward to seeing you in Montreal in November. 

Best regards,

Francis Ogwal & Basile van Havre

July 23rd 2019

Please find below an update on our activities.

As we finalize the planning for the  first meeting of the post-2020 open-ended working group (OEWG-1), we have added a new dimension to help contextualize our discussions.  In lieu of side-events, we are adding information sessions that focus on specific topics of direct relevance to our upcoming meeting in Nairobi.

We are planning four information sessions, one for each day of the meeting. They will start daily at 13:45 and will end at 15:00. Although we are still confirming how these sessions will roll out, we anticipate delivering sessions on the following topics (1) strategic planning, (2) linkages to the Sustainable Development Goals, (3) scientific evidence for informing the design of the global biodiversity framework, and (4) global strategic plans in key international multilateral environmental agreements. 

For more details, please visit the CBD post-2020 website

We have also been responding to requests for briefings from regional and NGOs groups on the organization of  OEWG-1 by phone. Those proved useful (hopefully for participants) for us in learning issues and preparing for OEWG-1. In case your region would like to schedule such a teleconference or arrange one in person in Nairobi, please let us know.

The logistic and preparation work for the thematic consultation is progressing well and we are exploring how we can maximize Parties participation.  We are pleased to report that at last count a hundred parties have registered for the Area Based Conservation Measures thematic consultation.

Francis Ogwal & Basile van Havre

Co-Chairs of the Post-2020 OEWG

July 2019

Please find below an update on our activities.

The process for the development of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework is progressing well and we are looking forward to presenting it to you at the end of August 2019 in Nairobi during the first meeting of the intersessional Open-ended working group meeting (OEWG).  We hope it meets your needs and we are looking forward to hearing your recommendations and adapting it as needed.

With the conclusion of the workshop at the Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity we have now completed the formal post-2020 consultations phase.

In June, we participated at the Bern Conference on coordination with other conventions. For the first time a number of important non biodiversity conventions (like, the chemical conventions, Climate and Desertification…). This was an important opportunity for us to:

  • learn on the role and functioning of these conventions,
  • know and interact with people involved in the leadership of these conventions, and
  • explore how we can work together to reach our common goals.

At this conference, we were reminded that it is clear that if we want to reach our collective 2050 Vision for biodiversity, we need to work together and find linkages with a broader lens, including conventions for the environment and other sectors.This means not only getting their input for our post-2020 global framework but also looking at what CBD can do to help them achieve their goals. The presentation we made in Bern are accessible here

In July, we participated inthe ninth Trondheim Conference on Biodiversity. This conference was also useful in exploring new ideas that will have critical importance for the post-2020 global framework. These ideas included the importance of nutrition and its related agricultural processes, supply chains, land use, and restoration. Our presentation was well received and participants are looking forward to engaging in different ways. It was a positive experience and we were pleased with the increasing momentum for higher ambition and broad global interest for biodiversity conservation. You can find our presentation on the proposed process, results from the consultations, and the concluding remarks in Session 7 here

The high-level segment of the Trondheim conference engaged a dozen Environment Ministers and resulted in the “The Trondheim Call for Action in the Face of the Extinction Crisis” and a global realization that resource mobilization will be critical to our success to implement the new global biodiversity framework.

We are now focusing on the preparation of documents for the first meeting of the OEWG (OEWG1) this August, and are planning to have them posted in mid-July. During this first meeting we plan to: 

  • update you on the outcome of the consultations,
  • seek your support for the draft workplan, and
  • decide the scope and structure of the Global Biodiversity Framework.

You will see that we are innovating the way we will work.  This new approach is based on experiences of lessons learned from other negotiation processes and with this knowledge, we aim to improve our efficiencies and effectiveness.

The Mechanics of OEWG1:

  • First, in order to ensure all Parties have the opportunity to participate equally to the discussions, we propose to limit interventions to 3 minutes for individuals and 6 minutes for groups.
  • Second, we propose to keep key documents informal throughout the process. This means that the documents will be evergreen and we will reflect changes as they arise, then we will seek final approval at the third meeting of the OEWG.
  • Third, we would like each Thematic working group to be guided by two individuals that would lead this responsibility and help us develop content throughout the process.  We will prepare a draft list of Thematic areas and associated co-leads, and we will seek Bureau advice.

In parallel, we are also preparing the upcoming work for this autumn, including arrangements for thematic work and collaboration with SBSTTA and SBI (meetings scheduled for November 2019 in Montreal). You will see the official notification for this work soon.

In addition to Bern and Trondheim, we were pleased to be able to participate in a number of other events to discuss and present the post-2020 process, including the EU-China Dialogue (by Skype) and the CCICED meeting (in person).

We are looking forward to seeing you in Nairobi.

Francis Ogwal & Basile van Havre


22 May 2019 


1 .)     GRULAC Consultations

Another full house with more than 85 participants and strong engagement by all! This engagement led to on the spot adaptation of the agenda to reflect the group desire; a positive move in our views.   It was also a unique meeting with new perspectives reinforcing the value of regional consultations. We particularly noted the following:

•       The desire for social and economic justice as well as rights of nature and nature-based solutions reflected in the framework

•       A desire to see socio-economic development factored in the framework

•       An insistence by some parties that preeminence be given to Parties views over civil society at this stage of the process.  This is probably linked to a different understanding of what was meant by open an inclusive process for the development of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework contained in Decision 14/34 .

•       That the framework should have a linkage between the vision, Goals, Tragets and indicators

•       Participants noted that the current strategic plan does not adequately address sustainable use and Access and Benefit Sharing objective but rather emphasis is more on the Conservation objective of the CBD. The framework must also address issues on ABS and Biosafety

•       Success stories that can motivate people to associate with the support implementation of the post-2020. A strong communication strategy is needed for the post2020 framework. The functionality of the Clearing House Mechanism also needs to be improved.

•       Perhaps a long-term elaboration of what we are aiming to accomplish is needed. This may go beyond 2030. 

•       A desire for traditional knowledge/IPLCs, gender, youth to be reflected in the post2020 framework 

•       A desire for the framework to reflect issues on biodiversity hot-spots at regional level and regional initiatives/collaborations

•       The targets for the post 2020 framework should be aligned to or developed taking into account the four elements of the Vision 2050. In addition, the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development needs to be incorporated in the post-2020 framework

•       Explore ways to make the post-2020 stronger perhaps through legal mechanism

•       The means of implementation of the post-2020 framework is needed, drawing on the lesson from the current Strategic Plan

•       Guidance is needed on action by Parties on how to align their NBSAPs to the post-2020 framework in the shortest time possible to avoid delay in the start of implementation of the post-2020 framework once adopted at COP15 in October 2020 in Kunming, China. The current strategic plan suffered delay in implementation because most Parties took about five years to review and align their NBSAPs to the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020

•       Synergies with other Conventions should be reflected in the post-2020 framework

General discussion on the last day provided a lot of detailed insight on NBSAPs, accountability and voluntary commitments (both in terms of their value and how they could be used).

Finally, we heard a presentation from Uruguay on how the country is integrating at the national level the 3 Rio Conventions which provided food for thought for all of us (see convention integration item bellow).


2.)     EU-China dialogue

We were also able to engage via Skype in the EU-China dialogue.  The discussion was very valuable and got into the details of the process. We are looking forward to the report from this meeting.

From 28-31 May 2019 we are taking a few days with the Secretariat team to reflect on what we heard from the regional consultations, prepare the necessary documents for OEWG1 and review our overall plan for the post-2020 process.

We are looking forward to the Convention integration workshop which is very important and will help to address issues on synergies which has come up strongly from all the regional consultations.  Following this we will have more work at the Trondheim Biodiversity Conference which will, among others, focus on the contribution of science to the development of the post-2020 framework, especially on setting targets.


3.)     Documents to be posted

We will post soon: 

a.)     A short table summarizing the various economic and costing studies that are relevant to the framework.  This has been helpful to us to understand who is doing what and when.  And we felt it would be useful to all of you

b.)    A tracking tool we developed to monitor progress on existing and proposed sub-group (including proposed thematic work).  We developed the tool for the internal use by the post-2020 team but it be also useful to have this document for your information

Finally, we encourage all of you to set aside a couple hours to read the Summary for Policy Makers if the IPBES Global Assessments  which can be downloaded from the IPBES website.  We have been particularly interested in the recommendations for action and would be interested to hear your views on the recommendations (some may be more relevant to national level).

Francis Ogwal and Basile van Havre


3 April 2019

Colleagues and partners,

One more interesting regional consultation session!  This time it was for the Central and Eastern Europe Region.

First many thanks to our host the Serbian government and the UNDP regional office!  The meeting was set in the old parliament building and it was inspiring to work among so many beautiful works of art from the early twentieth century…

Our discussions were intense and we particularly noticed the strong female voice coming from the Russian speaking community! This was welcomed

Key take home messages from the discussion included:

  • The need to have strong valuation of the economic benefit of sound Nature policies and investment
  • The need to better harness existing science capacity and to foster the development of new capacity (including attracting new scientists to Nature issues)
  • The necessity to create effective links between various conventions (Nature, Rio and others)

We are making strong progress and are looking forward to the upcoming inaugural meeting of the Open Ended working group.  Our thinking on the agenda is evolving and we now see the need to further elaborate the agenda item on Structure so that it may accommodate some work on defining what we mean by "living in harmony with Nature". 

We are also looking forward to the work that the CITES CoP will do to contribute to Post2020.  It is encouraging to see the other conventions picking this up

This completes our update and we should have more for you after the last regional consultation for GRULAC in a few weeks

Best Regards,

Francis and Basile


2 April 2019

Colleagues and partners,

Please find bellow:

  1. Some reflections on UNEA4
  2. Report from the Bureau meeting
  3. WEOG regional Consultation session
  4. Africa Regional Consultation Session
  5. Latest news on process forward

1. UNEA4

Francis and I attended UNEA4, which proved to be useful from a Post 2020 perspective.  We particularly noted:

  • Opportunity for better integration with Chemical conventions:  i.e. CBD could provide rational and guidance into their Post 2020 targets (e.g. as it relates to threats like pesticides)
  • The increased realization that Oceans, Climate Change and Biodiversity are linked.
  • UNEA-4 adopted a resolution on biodiversity and recognized the post 2020 process. Details of the resolution can be found on the UNEA website.
  • High political level engagement  for the post 2020 process at the margins of UNEA-4 organized by the COP-14 presidency and attended by ministers and ambassadors

Finally, we have to note the unfathomable loss of so many colleagues who perished in the crash of the Ethiopian airline flight.

2. Bureau Meeting

We presented our proposed process (see presentation).  The Bureau endorsed our process and provided a lot of detailed comments.

3. WEOG Consultation

This was another very well attended meeting with over a hundred participants.  Lots of very engaged discussion on all questions of the discussion paper.  We particularly noted

  • Interest in Structure of the targets
  • Increasing realization that it would be useful to have clear path from 2020 to 2050. This means clear rational explaining how milestones (2030 and others) enable reaching the 2050 vision
  • Consideration that commitment could be global, regional, national or subnational as required by biology
  • Realization that there may be some confusion in the definition of the term mission: is it a milestone or what we collectively do and don’t do
  • Realization that there may be various understanding of the notion of voluntary commitments: are they within the obligation taken by COP or in addition?
  • Targets for the post 2020 could be in organized to implemented in phased approach
  • Reporting, transparency and accountability

4. Africa Region Consultation 

With 52 of the 55 African Union member states present and participation of numerous partners, this was the best attended meeting so far!  There was strong engagement by all and in-depth discussion on a number of topics. We particularly noted:

  • The desire of the African parties to integrate their positions and engage jointly in post 2020 discussion
  • The desire to consider Environmental Assessment explicitly in the future framework
  • The desire for more comprehensive reporting and accountability mechanisms
  • The desire to look more deeply in financial mechanism, resource mobilization and capacity building
  • The need to have a closer look at voluntary commitment and associated verification mechanism should we adopt a climate change like model of voluntary contribution
  • Access and benefit sharing, restoration and addressing drivers of biodiversity loss
  • The need to have a conceptual framework for post 2020
  • The need to include Natural capital accounting in the post-2020 framework

5. Next Steps

We will now focus on the two upcoming consultations: CEE and GRULAC

Then we will gather the regional consultation team and start the drafting our report.  We would like this to be a short (preferably 6 pages) summary.

We will also meet with the Secretariat to review our workplan with a focus on preparation of OEWG1: 

  • Review of consultation outcome
  • Preparing a paper with options for structure
  • Preparing a workplan proposal for thematic work

We are also looking forward to other related meetings that will provide important input, notably

  • The meeting on engagement of other Multilateral process in June: This will be an important opportunity to discuss linkage with Chemical conventions, CMS and Climate change among others
  • The Trondheim conference in July, where will be able to get into the details of our critical science basis.  We will be particularly interested in getting information on the definition of our 2050 vision and the current state of Biodiversity.

We are also aware of other conferences in the early fall (e.g. the UN university proposed conference on land and seascape) and will explore how we can capitalize on those.

We have also provided recorded and live video for meetings we could not attend (recent OECD meeting on Post 2020 (see below) and Gender workshop) and will be happy to continue to do so as needed.

The secretariat will issue formal notification for many of those meetings in the coming days and weeks so stay tuned!

Best Regards,

Francis and Basile


February 26th, 2019

During an OECD Workshop on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework held on 26 February 2018 in Paris, France, the co-chairs of the open ended working group made presentations on the post-2020 process. The presentations are accessible from the links below.

Full document

February 12th, 2019

Colleagues and partners,

Keeping you informed and engaged in the process for the development of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework will be important for us. To do this we will use a variety of tools including this blog.

The first phase in this process is to hear your views. This will be done first through a round of regional consultation workshops and then through the first meeting of the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG). We are glad to inform you that the post-2020 process has begun. The Asia-Pacific regional consultation workshop took place from January 28 to 31 (for 4.5 days) in Nagoya, Japan, the very place where current Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 was adopted nearly nine years ago. We were pleased to see about a hundred participants engaged in constructive and deep dialogue about the post 2020 process and content. It was good to see strong engagement from Parties, and representatives of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, Youth, Women groups, NGO and others.

The Asia pacific region is so vast and diverse (5 billion people, a large part of our global economy and a large number of Parties). It has its own way of engaging and some issues that are unique. No doubt each of the other 4 region will also have its own identity; and we are looking forward to discovering those. These workshops also provide opportunity to engage bilaterally with a number of participants and to see how some could help us should they be available to take a leadership role in our process. The Asia-Pacific workshop was also an opportunity for us to fine tune our approach for the post-2020 process.

The next step will be the Western Europe and Other Groups (WEOG) consultation in Bonn, Germany in March 2019. Then, subject to confirmation, this will be followed by regional workshops for Africa, GRULAC and the CEE in April and May 2019. We are glad to see that we will be able to complete regional consultations early, which will be good for the next step, addressing thematic issues that will require some time.

Best Regards,

M. Francis Ogwal
Mr. Francis Ogwal
M. Basile Van Havre
Mr. Basile Van Havre