Decision COP XIII/21

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UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/13/21 filtered
The financial mechanism
The Conference of the Parties,
Recalling the decisions and elements of decisions related to guidance to the financial mechanism that were adopted by the Conference of the Parties at its tenth to twelfth meetings,
Having considered recommendation 1/7 of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation, 
Recognizing the opportunities for synergistic implementation of the Convention through, inter alia, updated national biodiversity strategies and action plans and of related multilateral environmental agreements, as well as of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development  and its Sustainable Development Goals, in particular Sustainable Development Goals 14 and 15,
Having also considered the report of the Council of the Global Environment Facility, 
Recalling the mandate of the Global Environment Facility as the institutional structure entrusted by the Convention to operate the financial mechanism of the Convention on Biological Diversity, in accordance with Article 21, paragraph 1 and the Memorandum of Understanding between the Conference of the Parties and the Council of the Global Environment Facility;
A.Four-year outcome-oriented framework of programme priorities (2018-2022)
operational implemented

paragraph A. 1

1.Adopts the consolidated guidance to the financial mechanism, including the four-year framework of programme priorities (2018-2022) for the seventh replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund, as contained in annexes I and II to the present decision, and decides to retire the previous decisions and elements of decisions, as related to the financial mechanism and limited only to those provisions related to the financial mechanism;
operational active GEF es

paragraph A. 2

2.Invites the Global Environment Facility, the recipient and non-recipient Global Environment Facility participants, relevant global and regional partner organizations, and the Executive Secretary to promote a successful implementation of the four-year framework of programme priorities (2018-2022) for the seventh replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund;
operational active GEF

paragraph A. 3

3.Encourages the Global Environment Facility to continue and further strengthen integrated programming as a means to harness opportunities for synergy in implementing related multilateral environmental agreements as well as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals, in particular Sustainable Development Goals 14 and 15;
operational active GEF

paragraph A. 4

4.Notes the initial assessment of the accreditation pilot, and requests the Global Environment Facility to consider improving its access modalities, including enabling the participation of a number of additional national agencies from developing countries, based on its own experiences, including the conclusions of this assessment, and taking into account the experience of other international financial instruments with relevant access modalities;
operational active GEF

paragraph A. 5

5.Requests the Global Environment Facility to include information regarding the individual elements of the consolidated guidance, in particular the four-year outcome-oriented framework of programme priorities, in its future reports to the Conference of the Parties;
informational

paragraph A. 6

6.Emphasizes the primary role of recipient Parties in ensuring the achievement of the outcomes set out in the four-year framework of programme priorities (2018-2022) for the seventh replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund;
B.Programmatic synergies among the biodiversity-related conventions
Recalling decision XII/30, paragraph 2,
informational

paragraph B. 7

7.Takes note with appreciation of the elements of advice received from the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals and the International Treaty for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, as well as the input received from the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora for consideration in the development of the four-year framework of programme priorities (2018-2022) for the seventh replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund; 
informational

paragraph B. 8

8.Notes that the elements and input that fall within the mandate of the Global Environment Facility are reflected at a strategic level, in the four-year framework of programme priorities annexed to the present decision and that this will further enhance programmatic synergies among the biodiversity-related conventions;
operational active

paragraph B. 9

9.Invites the governing bodies of the various biodiversity-related conventions, further to paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of decision XII/30, to repeat the exercise described therein for the development of strategic guidance for the eighth replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund in time for consideration by the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity at its fifteenth meeting;
informational

paragraph B. 10

10.Emphasizes that the elements of advice need to be (a) in accordance with the mandate of the Global Environment Facility, and the Memorandum of Understanding between the Conference of the Parties to the Convention and the Council of the Global Environment Facility as per decision III/8, (b) formulated at a strategic level, and (c) formally adopted by the governing bodies of the respective biodiversity-related conventions;
C.Fifth review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism
informational

paragraph C. 11

11.Adopts the terms of reference for the fifth review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism, including for the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization as contained in annex III to the present decision;
operational implemented es

paragraph C. 12

12.Requests the Executive Secretary, subject to the availability of resources, to ensure the implementation of the fifth review according to the terms of reference;
operational implemented es

paragraph C. 13

13.Also requests the Executive Secretary to make sure that the report on the fifth review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism is available for consideration by the second meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation;
D.Second determination of funding requirement
informational

paragraph D.

14.Takes note of the report on a full assessment of the amount of funds needed for the implementation of the Convention and its Protocols for the seventh replenishment period of the Global Environment Facility  and expresses its appreciation to the members of the expert group for the preparation of the assessment;
operational implemented es GEF

paragraph D. 15

15.Requests the Executive Secretary to transmit to the Global Environment Facility the report on the assessment of needs for the seventh replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund, for consideration by the Global Environment Facility, and invites the Global Environment Facility to indicate, in its regular report to the Conference of Parties, how it has responded during the replenishment cycle to this assessment;
operational implemented GEF

paragraph D. 16

16.Requests the Global Environment Facility to take the Strategic Plan and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets as well as the expert team’s needs assessment report into consideration in the process of the seventh period of replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund but also noting the limitations identified by the expert team;
E.Further guidance
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 17

17.Encourages the Global Environment Facility to consider joint financing, in partnership with other international financial instruments, of projects designed to achieve the objectives of more than one Rio convention;
informational

paragraph E. 18

18.Takes note of the projected shortfall of resources from sixth replenishment of the Global Environment Facility due to exchange rate movements, and the decision of the Council of the Global Environment Facility on item 6 of the agenda of the 51st meeting of the Council;
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 19

19.Notes the crucial role of the Global Environment Facility in the mobilization of resources at the domestic level and in support of the achievement of Aichi Targets, and requests the Global Environment Facility to continue its efforts to minimize the potential consequences of the projected shortfall referred to in paragraph 18 above for its support to developing countries, aiming to fulfil the relevant programming directions of the sixth replenishment of the Global Environment Facility and with a view to maintaining the level of support to Global Environment Facility recipient countries;
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 20

20.Requests the Global Environment Facility to consider exploring measures to mitigate possible risks, including currency risks, in order to avoid potential negative impacts on  future replenishment periods for the provision of financial resources for all Global Environment Facility recipient countries, taking fully into account the provisions of paragraphs 5 and 6 of Article 20 of the Convention;
operational active executive-director GEF

paragraph E. 21

21.Urges the Global Environment Facility and its partners to support recipient countries in their efforts to identify and mobilize co-financing for its projects related to implementation of the Convention, including through public-private partnerships, as well as applying co-financing arrangements in ways that improve access, do not create barriers or increase costs for recipient countries to access Global Environment Facility funds;
operational implemented executive-director

paragraph E. 22

22.Requests the Executive Secretary to convey to the Global Environment Facility the concerns of the Parties on the transparency of the process of approving Global Environment Facility projects in accordance with Article 21, paragraph 1, of the Convention;
operational implemented GEF

paragraph E. 23

23.Requests the Global Environment Facility, in response to the concerns of the Parties on transparency of the process of approving Global Environment Facility projects, to include in its report to the Conference of the Parties, information regarding paragraph 3.3(d) of the Memorandum of Understanding;
Ecosystem restoration
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 24

24.Invites the Global Environment Facility and Parties in a position to do so and other donors, such as international financial institutions, including regional development banks, to provide support for ecosystem restoration activities, as well as monitoring processes as appropriate, and integrated where relevant into programmes and initiatives for sustainable development, food, water and energy security, job creation, climate change mitigation, adaptation, disaster risk reduction, and poverty eradication;
Strategic Plan
operational active donors GEF

paragraph E. 25

25.Requests the Global Environment Facility, and invites other development partners and donors in a position to do so, to continue to provide support in a timely manner, based on the expressed needs of Parties, especially for developing countries and, in particular, least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, for the development and implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action plans, in line with the strategy and targets for resource mobilization agreed to in decision XII/3;
Aichi Targets 11 and 12
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 26

26.Invites the Global Environment Facility and its implementing agencies to facilitate the alignment of the development and implementation of protected area and other effective area-based conservation measures in its sixth and seventh replenishment periods with the national actions identified in national biodiversity strategies and action plans and, as appropriate, through the regional workshops for the achievement of Targets 11 and 12, with a view to facilitating the systematic monitoring and reporting of the results of those projects as they contribute to the implementation of the national action plans for the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Targets 11 and 12 and other related targets;
Sixth national report
operational implemented GEF

paragraph E. 27

27.Requests the Global Environment Facility, in the light of the revised guidelines for reporting under the Convention and its Protocols, to assess the required funding levels for national reporting, and provide financial support to developing countries accordingly in a timely and expeditious manner;
Cross-sectoral mainstreaming
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 28

28.Invitesthe Global Environment Facility and other donor and financial institutions  to provide financial assistance for country-driven projects that address cross-sectoral mainstreaming when requested by developing country Parties, in particular the least developed among them and small island developing States,  and countries with economies in transition.
Traditional knowledge
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 29

29.Invites the Global Environment Facility, international financial institutions and development agencies and relevant non-governmental organizations, as appropriate and consistent with their mandates to consider providing financial and technical assistance to developing country Parties, indigenous peoples and local communities, particularly women within these communities, to raise awareness and to build their capacity relevant to the implementation of the Rutzolijirisaxik Voluntary Guidelines for the Repatriation of Traditional Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities Relevant for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity, and to develop, as appropriate, community protocols or processes for “prior and informed consent” or “free, prior and informed consent”, depending on national circumstances, or “approval and involvement”, and fair and equitable benefit-sharing.
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 30

30.Requests the Global Environment Facility to continue to provide finance in support of activities related to the Biosafety Clearing-House;
informational

paragraph E. 31

31.Emphasizes the importance of continuous and predictable support by the Global Environment Facility to eligible Parties to support their compliance with reporting obligations under the Protocol;
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 32

32.Requests the Global Environment Facility to continue to provide financial support to enable developing country Parties, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States among them, and Parties with economies in transition to further implement the Framework and Action Plan for Capacity-Building;
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 33

33.Invites the Global Environment Facility to continue to assist eligible Parties that have not yet done so to put in place a national biosafety framework and to make funds available to this end;
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 34

34.Requests the Global Environment Facility to provide eligible Parties with financial resources to facilitate effective implementation of the programme of work on public awareness, education and participation concerning the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms, in the context of relevant project activities and within its mandate;
operational GEF

paragraph E. 35

35.Invites the Global Environment Facility to continue to provide funding for capacity-building related to risk assessment and risk management in the context of country-driven projects;
operational active GEF

paragraph E. 36

36.Invites the Global Environment Facility:

paragraph 36 item (a)

(a)To continue to make specific funding available to eligible Parties to put in place their national biosafety frameworks;

paragraph 36 item (b)

(b)To continue to fund projects and capacity-building activities on issues identified by the Parties to facilitate further implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, including regional cooperation projects, such as those using regional and subregional networks to build capacity for the detection of living modified organisms, with a view to facilitating the sharing of experiences and lessons learned, and harnessing associated synergies;

paragraph 36 item (c)

(c)To ensure that the policy, strategy, programme priorities and eligibility criteria adopted in annex I to decision I/2 of the Conference of the Parties are duly followed in an efficient manner in relation to access and utilization of financial resources;
Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing
operational implemented

paragraph E. 37

37.Adopts the following transitional clause in the eligibility criteria for funding under the seventh replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund:
“Developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States among them, and countries with economies in transition that are Parties to the Convention and provide a clear political commitment towards becoming Parties to the Protocol, shall also be eligible for funding by the Global Environment Facility for the development of national measures and institutional capabilities in order to enable them to become a Party. Evidence of such political commitment, accompanied by indicative activities and expected milestones, shall take the form of an official written assurance by a Minister to the Executive Secretary that the country intends to become a Party to the Nagoya Protocol on completion of the activities to be funded.”
operational implemented GEF

paragraph E. 38

38.Invites the Global Environment Facility to provide support to eligible Parties for interim national reports under the Nagoya Protocol.
Body
Conference of the Parties (COP)

Meeting
COP-13
Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
4 - 17 December, 2016
Cancun, Mexico

Elements of decision
41 8 informational 30 operational
29 10 implemented 0 superseded 0 elapsed 19 active

Actors
32 24 GEF   4 executive-secretary   1   2 executive-director   1 donors  

AICHI targets
3

Subjects
19 Financial Mechanism and Resources Mobilization Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety Traditional Knowledge, Innovations and Practices National Reports Ecosystem Restoration Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing Aichi Biodiversity Targets Biosafety and Biotechnology Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing Sustainable Development / Millenium Development Goals Strategic Plan 2011-2020 Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity Climate Change and Biodiversity National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) Protected Areas Indigenous peoples and local communities Sustainable Use of Biodiversity Capacity-building Communication, Education and Public Awareness

Document
Related decisions
VII/22 para 1
Arrangements for the third review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism
1.Decides to adopt the annex to the present decision, containing the objectives, methodology and criteria as well as procedures for the third review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism to be conducted in time for the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties;
VII/22 para 2
Arrangements for the third review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism
2.Decides also that this third review should be conducted by an independent evaluator and under the authority of the Conference of the Parties and take fully into account reports of the Global Environment Facility with respect to operations of the financial mechanism;
VII/22 para 3
Arrangements for the third review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism
3.Decides further that, based on the results of the review, the Conference of the Parties shall take appropriate action to improve the effectiveness of the mechanism if necessary.
X/23 para 7
Multi-Year Plan of Action for South-South Cooperation on Biodiversity for Development
7.Invites the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to consider establishing a South-South biodiversity cooperation trust fundfor the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011 2020 based on voluntary contributions;
XI/8 D para 2
Engagement of other stakeholders, major groups and subnational authorities
2.Reiterates its invitation in paragraph 7 of decision X/23 to the Global Environment Facility to consider establishing a South-South biodiversity cooperation trust fund for the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, based on voluntary contributions, and welcomes ongoing discussions on this matter;
XII/30 para 5
Financial mechanism
5.Decides, with a view to further streamlining guidance to the Global Environment Facility, to review proposed new guidance to avoid or reduce repetitiveness, to consolidate previous guidance where appropriate and to prioritize guidance in the context of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets;
XII/30 para 11
Financial mechanism
11.Decides, in anticipation of the seventh replenishment of the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund, to undertake, at its thirteenth meeting, the second determination of funding requirements for the implementation of the Convention and its Protocols, in line with the terms of reference contained in the annex to the present decision;
XIV/23 para 7
Financial mechanism
7.Invites the Global Environment Facility, in line with the consolidated guidance provided in decision XIII/21, to continue to provide all eligible Parties with support for capacity building:(a)On issues identified by the Parties to facilitate further implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing, including regional cooperation projects, with a view to facilitating the sharing of experiences and lessons learned and harnessing associated synergies;(b)On the use of the Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing-House, on the basis of experiences and lessons learned during the Project on Continued Enhancement of Building Capacity for Effective Participation in the Biosafety Clearing-House and using resources under the biodiversity focal area;