Decision COP XIII/5


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UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/13/5 filtered
Ecosystem restoration: short-term action plan
The Conference of the Parties,
Recalling Article 8(f) and decisions XI/16 and XII/19,
Aware that Parties have identified ecosystem restoration needs in their national biodiversity strategies and action plans and in other national, regional and global strategies and/or plans, and that a number of ecosystem restoration activities are under way with support from various organizations and Governments, and noting that many degraded ecosystems are still in need of restoration,
Welcoming the progress made in the implementation of the Forest Ecosystem Restoration Initiative, supported by the Korea Forest Service of the Republic of Korea,
Underlining that ecosystem restoration, when effectively implemented and coherent with other related policies, helps to achieve not only many of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, but also several Sustainable Development Goals,  ecosystem-based adaptation and combating desertification, mitigating the effects of drought and supporting mitigation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change,  land degradation neutrality under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification,  the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030,  the wise use of wetlands under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands,  the four Global Objectives on Forests of the United Nations Forum on Forests, commitments under the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals,  the Bonn Challenge of the Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration and the objectives of many other initiatives,
Noting that restoration needs to be carried out in ways that balance social, economic and environmental objectives, and that the engagement of all relevant stakeholders, such as land owners, and indigenous peoples and local communities, is crucial at all stages of the restoration process especially as regards the participation of women, recognizing that women are powerful agents of change and their leadership is critical in community revitalization and renewable natural resource management,
Recalling the urgency to enhance efforts to achieve targets related to restoration by 2020,
Noting the deliverable 3(b)(i): thematic assessment on land degradation and restoration currently being undertaken by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services due to be completed in 2018,

paragraph 1

1.Adopts the short-term action plan on ecosystem restoration, as contained in the annex to the present decision, as a flexible framework and adaptable to national circumstances and legislation for immediate action towards achieving Aichi Biodiversity Targets 5, 12, 14 and 15, and Targets 4 and 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, and other internationally agreed goals and targets, and in particular targets identified in national biodiversity strategies and action plans or other relevant strategies and plans;
operational active parties other governments organizations IPLC

paragraph 2

2.Urges Parties and encourages other Governments and relevant organizations, as well as indigenous peoples and local communities, and relevant stakeholders to promote, support and take actions on ecosystem restoration inter alia by making use, as appropriate, of the short-term action plan on ecosystem restoration as a flexible framework according to national circumstances;
operational active parties

paragraph 3

3.Encourages Parties, when developing and implementing ecosystem restoration action plans and when updating national biodiversity strategies and action plans, to take into account existing goals and commitments on restoration, including those promoted under other relevant processes, and to include them in their national biodiversity strategies and action plans;
operational active parties donors GEF

paragraph 4

4.Invites Parties in a position to do so and other donors, such as international finance agencies, including the Global Environment Facility and regional development banks, to provide support for ecosystem restoration activities, as well as monitoring processes integrated as appropriate into programmes and initiatives for sustainable development, food, water and energy security, job creation, climate change mitigation, adaptation, disaster risk reduction, and poverty eradication;
operational active parties other governments organizations others

paragraph 5

5.Encourages Parties, other Governments and relevant organizations and stakeholders, to consider ecosystem restoration in reef, coastal and marine ecosystems as well as urban environments, in the action plans, where relevant, to ensure that marine environments are sustained;
operational parties es

paragraph 6

6.Invites Parties to provide, on a voluntary basis, information on their activities and results from the implementation of the action plan, and requests the Executive Secretary to compile the submissions and make them available through the clearing house mechanism;
operational economic-organizations IPLC

paragraph 7

7.Encourages relevant organizations and indigenous peoples and local communities to promote the implementation of ecosystem restoration, which is crucial for reaching the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and enhancing the provision of ecosystem services and to support Parties in their efforts to implement the short-term action plans on ecosystem restoration;
operational parties organizations

paragraph 8

8.Invites Parties and relevant organizations to give due consideration to community-based initiatives on ecosystem restoration in the context of the Convention’s Plan of Action on Customary Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity; 
operational implemented es

paragraph 9

9.Requests the Executive Secretary to communicate the present decision to the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services so that it can be taken into account in the preparation of the deliverable 3(b)(i): thematic assessment on Land Degradation and Restoration;
operational active parties

paragraph 10

10.Encourages Parties to facilitate the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in the implementation of national biodiversity-related activities on ecosystem conservation and restoration;
operational active es

paragraph 11

11.Also requests the Executive Secretary, subject to the availability of resources, to support the efforts of Parties in making use of the short-term action plan on ecosystem restoration by:
operational active es

paragraph 11 item (a)

(a)Enabling capacity-building and supporting the use of tools in collaboration with relevant partners and initiatives, including by implementing the Forest Ecosystem Restoration Initiative in collaboration with the Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and other initiatives covering other non-forest ecosystems;
operational active es

paragraph 11 item (b)

(b)Updating the information on guidance, tools and initiatives relating to ecosystem restoration  and making it available through the clearing-house mechanism.
Conference of the Parties (COP)

Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
4 - 17 December, 2016
Cancun, Mexico

Elements of decision
13 1 informational 12 operational
9 1 implemented 0 superseded 0 elapsed 8 active

23 7 parties   2 other-governments   3 organizations   2 IPLC   1 donors   1 GEF   1 Others   5 executive-secretary   1 economic-organizations  

AICHI targets

10 Forest Biodiversity Ecosystem Restoration Global Strategy for Plant Conservation Aichi Biodiversity Targets National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) Climate Change and Biodiversity Marine and Coastal Biodiversity Clearing-House Mechanisms Sustainable Use of Biodiversity Indigenous peoples and local communities

Related decisions
XI/16 para 3
Ecosystem restoration
3.Recognizing that developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, including countries that are centres of origin or diversity of genetic resources, require financial and technical resources in order to implement ecosystem restoration programmes and achieve the related Aichi Biodiversity Targets, including Targets 14 and 15, and that such resources should be provided by financial mechanisms under Article 20 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and mobilized according to Article 20 and the strategy for resource mobilization in line with decisions IX/11, X/3 and XI/4;
XI/16 para 5 2)
Ecosystem restoration
(b)Facilitate the further development, based on information provided in documents UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF/17 and 18, of a range of implementation tools and practical guidance for ecosystem restoration aimed at different audiences and translated into all United Nations languages, and make it available through the clearing house mechanism;
XIV/5 para 4
Biodiversity and climate change
4.Encourages Parties, pursuant to decisions IX/16, X/33, XII/20, XIII/4 and XIII/5, to further strengthen their efforts:(a)To identify regions, ecosystems and components of biodiversity that are or will become vulnerable to climate change at a geographic scale and assess the current and future risks and impacts on biodiversity and biodiversity-based livelihoods, considering the use of biodiversity models and scenarios, as appropriate, while taking into account their important contribution to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction;(b)To integrate climate change issues and related national priorities into national biodiversity strategies and action plans and to integrate biodiversity and ecosystem integrity considerations into national policies, strategies and plans on climate change, such as nationally determined contributions, as appropriate, and national climate change adaptation planning, in their capacity as national instruments for the prioritization of actions for mitigation and adaptation;(c)To promote ecosystem restoration and sustainable management post-restoration;(d)To take appropriate actions to address and reduce the negative impacts of climate change;(e)To enhance the positive and minimize the negative impacts of climate change mitigation and adaptation activities on ecosystem functions and services, biodiversity and biodiversity-based livelihoods;(f)To put in place systems and/or tools to monitor and assess the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and biodiversity-based livelihoods, in particular livelihoods of indigenous peoples and local communities, as well as to assess the effectiveness of ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation, and mitigation and disaster risk reduction;(g)To include information on the above in their reports to the Convention;