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Main Challenges

Biodiversity’s capacity to deliver benefits to the poor is diminishing around the world. In fact, poverty and hunger are worsening as ecosystems unravel and water and soil resources continue suffering from disruption and over-exploitation.

Reversing ecosystems’ degradation while meeting an increasing demand for their services is a challenge. It can be met through significant changes to policies, regulations and practices.

Examples include:
  • Maintaining and/or restoring ecosystems’ health and productivity to provide ecosystem services to cover basic needs in the long term;
  • Instigate proper legislation for a fair and equitable access to ecosystem services;
  • Institute market regulations and economic incentives at all levels to build up a green economy focusing on pro-poor growth;
  • Removal of subsidies that promote excessive use of ecosystem goods and services such as for fisheries or agriculture;
  • Combine scientific and traditional knowledge in order to create the capacities for local communities to sustainably manage biodiversity;
  • Overcome national and institutional individualism and build up the required national and international frameworks for effective environmental governance;
  • Integration of ecosystem management processes within development sectors and broader development planning frameworks.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme