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COP Decisions

Decision XI/22
Biodiversity for poverty eradication and development

Decision X/6
Integration of biodiversity into poverty eradication and development

In 1992, the initial text of the Convention invites Parties (Article 6 (b)) to “integrate, as far as possible and as appropriate, the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity into relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies”.

In 2002, The Hague Ministerial Declaration (PDF) from the 6th Conference of the Parties (COP 6) stated that the most important lesson of the previous decade was that the objectives of the Convention will be impossible to meet until consideration of biodiversity is fully integrated into other sectors. The need to mainstream the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources across all sectors of the national economy, society and through policy-making frameworks was recognized as a complex challenge standing at the heart of the biodiversity conservation agenda.

A large number of decisions from the previous COPs refer to the close links between biodiversity, development and poverty reduction in various CBD programmes and cross-cutting issues. As an example, 20 Decisions of the ninth Conference of the Parties (COP-9) are of direct relevance to biodiversity for development and poverty alleviation.

However, no specific activities had been implemented on this topic before the establishment of the Biodiversity for Development Initiative.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme