SDG 12

Contributions of Biodiversity to SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Consumption and production of all goods and services require the transformation of many natural resources, which in turn impacts biodiversity. Current unsustainable consumption and production patterns can undermine the ability of ecosystems to provide services for industries and communities that rely upon them.

Utilizing cleaner and more resource-efficient approaches that minimize material footprint, waste and pollutants can bring about economic opportunities and better quality of life for consumers and producers alike, and at the same time benefit biodiversity.

Shifting consumption patterns will require active involvement of the public as more countries and population adopt the consumption patterns of economically advanced societies. Raising awareness and access to information on various dimensions of sustainable development including biodiversity and ecosystem are prerequisites for shifting consumption choices and lifestyles.

Related SDG 12 Targets

  • SDG Target 12.2: By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources (related to Aichi Targets: 4, 6, 7, 8, 19)
  • SDG Target 12.8: By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature (related to Aichi Targets: 1, 19)

Relevant Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Awareness of biodiversity increased
Sustainable production and consumption
Sustainable management of aquatic living sources
Sustainable agriculture aquaculture and forestry
Pollution reduced
Sharing information and knowledge

Related Resources