SDG 16

Contributions of Biodiversity to SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Environmental crime such as wildlife trafficking, illicit fishing and illegal timber trade undermine sustainable development and threaten global security by benefiting organized crimes and non-state armed groups. Natural resources worth USD 91-258 billion annually are estimated to be stolen by criminals, depriving countries of revenues and development opportunities.

Conflicts over natural resources, environmental degradation and contamination can also be one of the factors leading to social insecurity and violence, which often disproportionately affects vulnerable people.

Enhancing the role of law and equity for governance of biodiversity, natural resources and ecosystems can contribute to the fundamental process toward building an inclusive society based on justice and democratic decision-making.

Related SDG 16 Targets

  • SDG Target 16.4: By 2030 significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen recovery and return of stolen assets, and combat all forms of organized crime (related to Aichi Targets: 17)
  • SDG Target 16.7: Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels (related to Aichi Targets: 17)

Relevant Aichi Biodiversity Targets
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Biodiversity strategies and action plans

Related Resources