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The regreening of Sudbury and the 2009 Biodiversity Action Plan for Greater Sudbury
Vale Inco, one of the largest mining companies in the world, is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Brazilian mining company Vale. It is Vale’s nickel division, headquartered in Toronto, Ontario. It produces nickel, copper, cobalt, platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, gold, and silver. Vale Inco operates in 40 countries and employs over 11,000 people worldwide (close to 7,000 employees in Canada). Sales in 2008 reached almost $8 billion US. In Canada, Vale Inco operates two wholly integrated mining milling smelting and refining complexes, an electrocobalt refinery and precious metals processing facility and a mine and mill concentrator facility. Vale Inco has recently begun construction on an additional nickel processing facility and operate two research and technology facilities where 90% of worldwide research is carried out.
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