Domestic funding and mobilization

2008 Strategy for Resource Mobilization
Strategic objective 1.1 - "To improve the existing financial information base through enhancing accuracy, consistency and delivery of existing data and improved reporting on funding needs and shortfalls for the Convention's three objectives"
"Amount of domestic financial support, per annum, in respect of those domestic activities which are intended to achieve the objectives of this Convention;" --- Decision X/3, paragraph 7(3)

"Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties provided with adequate financial resources to have reported domestic biodiversity expenditures, as well as funding needs, gaps and priorities, by 2015, in order to improve the robustness of the baseline and to refine the preliminary targets, as appropriate." ...Decision XI/4, paragraph 7(c)

2008 Strategy for Resource Mobilization

Strategic objective 1.2 - "To assess economic costs of the loss of biodiversity and its associated ecosystem services, of the failure to take measures to fulfill the three objectives of the Convention, and benefits of early action to reduce loss of biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services"

Strategic objective 1.3 - "To improve priority-setting for guiding resource allocation to biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services"

Strategic objective 2.1 - "To strengthen institutional capacities for effective resource mobilization and utilization, including strengthening capacities of relevant ministries and agencies to make the case for including biodiversity and its associated ecosystem services in discussions with donors and relevant financial institutions"

Strategic objective 2.2 - "To prepare national financial plans in the context of national biodiversity strategies and action plans that can be implemented by local, national, regional and international stakeholders"

Strategic objective 2.5 - "To consider the enhancement of existing, or the establishment of new, domestic funds and funding programmes through voluntary contributions, including for official development assistance, where biodiversity is identified as a priority by developing country Parties in poverty reduction strategies, national development strategies, United Nations development assistance frameworks and other development assistance strategies, that include innovative financing instruments to achieve the Convention's three objectives"

Strategic objective 3.4 - "To establish, as appropriate, new and additional funding programmes through voluntary contributions to support the three objectives of the Convention"

Strategic objective 3.6 - "To continue to support, as appropriate, domestic environmental funds as essential complements to the national biodiversity resource base"

Decision XI/4, paragraph 13
”Recalling decision X/3, paragraph 11, which recognizes that many developing countries have undertaken analyses of the values of their biodiversity and are working to close the financial gap to effectively conserve their biological resources, invites Parties to share experiences and lessons learned and calls upon developed countries to respond to needs identified and to create enabling conditions for those countries yet to undertake such analyses to identify their respective needs”

"Number of countries that have: (a)Assessed values of biodiversity, in accordance with the Convention; (b)Identified and reported funding needs, gaps and priorities; (c)Developed national financial plans for biodiversity; (d)Been provided with the necessary funding and capacity-building to undertake the above activities;" --- Decision X/3, paragraph 7(2)

"Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties provided with adequate financial resources to have prepared national financial plans for biodiversity by 2015, and that 30 per cent of those Parties have assessed and/or evaluated the intrinsic, ecological, genetic, socioeconomic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components" --- Decision XI/4, paragraph 7(d)

Status and trends
The average percentage of environmental expenditure of central governments in gross domestic products of some 40 countries has stayed around 0.2 per cent over the period between 2002 and 2010, and the average percentage of general governments including lower levels of governments has been around 0.7 percent, implying that a difference of 0.5 percent of gross domestic products for environmental protection has come from provincial and local governments. Several countries registered higher than 1 percentage of general government environmental protection spending in their national domestic products in 2009.
Although the overall trend in environmental spending is rather stable, many countries reported quantum jump in national budgets for biodiversity and ecosystem services. The two diagrams from Namibia provide a snapshot of the story that can also be found in South Africa, Vietnam, and Antigua and Barbuda, where ten-fold increase in biodiversity funding was reported. Globally speaking, national budgetary support to biodiversity and ecosystem services is estimated to be in the range between US$15 billion - $45 billion in 2010. If one per mille of gross domestic products can be allocated for biodiversity and ecosystem services, some US$63 billion may be expected in 2010.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme