العربية  |  English  |  Español  |  Français  |  Русский
Advancing More, Better and Faster Financing for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

National inclusion of biodiversity

Indicator:
"Number of Parties that integrate considerations on biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services in development plans, strategies and budgets;" --- Decision X/3, paragraph 7(7)

2008 Strategy for Resource Mobilization

Strategic objective 2.3 - "To strengthen capacity for integration of biodiversity issues and its associated ecosystem services into national and sectoral planning, and promote budgetary allocations for biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services in national and relevant sectoral budgets"

Strategic objective 5.2 - "To integrate considerations on biological diversity and its associated ecosystem services in economic and development plans, strategies and budgets of developing country Parties. Target is to endeavor for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties to have included biodiversity in their national priorities or development plans by 2015 and have therefore made appropriate domestic financial provisions""

Target:

"Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties to have included biodiversity in their national priorities or development plans by 2015 and have therefore made appropriate domestic financial provisions"...Decision XI/4, paragraph 7(b)

Eastern Africa
Burundi agriculture, education, mining, health, forest, finance, trade and industry

Comoros (2014) Agriculture, forests and watersheds, fisheries, tourism, energy, water and sanitation, health and land transport, the Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction.
(2009) Environmental sector, agricultural sector, livestock, education, health, rural development, fishing, forestry, mining, tourism, finance, commerce, industrial sector.

Djibouti biodiversity considerations in laws, sectoral and cross-sectoral development strategies and plans

Eritrea agriculture sector, marine and coastal sector, transport sector, mines sector, tourism sector, water sector, education sector, as well as macro policy, Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, National Environmental Management Plan, land tenure and land use policy, biotechnology sector, and environmental impact assessment of development

Ethiopia (2014)Ethiopian Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy, Growth and Transformation Plan, agriculture, tourism, energy, education
(2009)relevant sectoral and cross-sectoral institutions, the processes and measures taken by stakeholders at different levels

Kenya mainstreaming processes
Madagascar tourism, education, scientific research, health, agriculture, fishing and halieutic resources, livestock, energy, forestry, mining, water, public works and meteorology, trade, industrial sector, transport
Malawi sectoral biodiversity coordination, cross sectoral biodiversity coordination, cross cutting national programmes and strategies, National Strategy for Sustainable Development for Malawi, Malawi Growth and Development Strategy, Malawi National Adaptation Programmes of Action, Agricultural Sector Wide Approach (ASWAp)
Mauritius sustainable agriculture
Mozambique Ministry for the Coordination for Environmental Action, Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Fisheries, Ministry of Mineral Resources, Ministry of Public Works and Habitation, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Plan and Development, Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of Health
Rwanda agriculture, livestock and fisheries; trade, industry and tourism; energy and mining; infrastructure and transport; human settlement and sanitation; water
Seychelles Environmental Management Plan for Seychelles 2000-2010 (EMPS), management of the Development Cycle, sectoral strategies
Uganda national environment management policy, agriculture policy, national fisheries policy, energy policy, tourism policy 2003, draft national policy on plant genetic resources, national policy on biotechnology and biosafety (2008), decentralization policy (1994)
Tanzania national strategy for growth and reduction of poverty; strategy for urgent actions on land degradation and water catchments; national wetlands management strategy; national environmental policy; agricultural sector; livestock sector; forestry sector; wildlife sector; fisheries sector; mining sector
Zambia policy for national parks and wildlife, national forestry policy, fisheries policy, national agricultural policy, national energy policy, national lands policy, mines and minerals development policy; sector programmes, like Zambia forestry action programme, provincial forestry action programme, agricultural support programme, food security pack, environment and natural resources management and mainstreaming programme; *Creating and protecting Zambia’s wealth: experience and next steps in environmental mainstreaming
Zimbabwe Wildlife based land reform policy, forest based land reform policy, draft national agricultural policy, national energy policy, water and sanitation sector policy, environment education policy

Middle Africa
Angola national, subregional and regional integration.

Cameroon integrating into other strategies and programmes

Central African Republic Ministry of Planning, Economy and International Cooperation, Ministry of Communication, Citizenship, National Reconciliation and Dialogue Monitoring, Ministry of Justice, General Secretariat of the Government, Ministry of Public Service, Social Security and Youth Opportunities, Ministry of National Security and Public Order, Ministry of Youth, Sports, Arts and Culture, Ministry for the Promotion of Small and Medium Enterprises, Informal Sector and the Single Window, nongovernmental organizations and civil society, such as Council Inter NGO Central (CIONGCA), unions and associations of human rights

Chad rural development, agriculture, livestock, forestry, fishing and aquaculture, hydraulic, mining, energy, health, crafts, culture, tourism, education

Congo sectoral strategies, plans and programs

Democratic Republic of the Congo (2014)Document de la stratégie de croissance et de réduction de la pauvreté (DSRP-2), Changement climatique, Lutte contre la désertification, agriculture, transport et voies de communication, mines et hydrocarbures, energie
(2009)agriculture and rural development, transport and communication, mines and hydrocarbons, energy, health and social protection

Equatorial Guinea integration of biodiversity into sectors: civil society and gender; integration of biodiversity in budget plans; mainstreaming biodiversity in the National Strategy to Combat Poverty

Sao Tome and Principe food security, energy and forestry

Southern Africa
Botswana level of integration of biodiversity into sectoral and cross-sectoral strategies and plans
Lesotho National Forestry Policy 2008, Water and Sanitation Policy 2007, Lesotho Food Security Policy 2005, Energy Policy for the Kingdom of Lesotho (Draft), Transport Sector Policy, 2006, Environmental Education Strategy towards 2014: A Strategic Plan for Education for Sustainable Development in Lesotho (2009), Lesotho Electricity Company: Safety, Health, Environmental and Quality (SHEQ) Management System
Namibia Ministry of Environment and Tourism (Environmental Investment Fund Act, Draft Wetland Policy (2005), Tourism Concessions Policy (2007), Protected Area and Wildlife Management Bill (2010), National Policy on Human Wildlife Conflict Management (2009), Draft National Climate Change Policy (2009), Coastal Zone Management White Paper (2010), Draft National Policy on Mining and Prospecting in Protected Areas (2009), Draft National Policy on Protected Areas, Neighbours and Resident Communities (2009), Draft National Environmental Education Policy), Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry (MAWF) (National Forest Act and Policy (2001), National Water Resources Management Act (2004), Draft National Seed Policy (2005), Green Scheme Policy (2004 and revised 2008), Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Policy (2008)), Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources (MFMR) (Aquaculture Act (2002), Inland Fisheries Act (2003)), Ministry of Health and Social Services (the Atomic Energy and Radiation Protection Act (2005)), Ministry of Lands and Resettlement (the Communal Land Reform Act 2002), Ministry of Mines and Energy, National Planning Commission (National Poverty Reduction Action Programme (NPRAP 2002))
South Africa cross-sectoral coordination
Swaziland cross-sectoral biodiversity coordination in national plans and strategies

Western Africa
Benin public health sector; energy, mining and water sector; land planning and local communities; handicrafts and tourism sector; agriculture, livestocks and fisheries sector; high education and scientific research

Burkina Faso programs and projects in sectors other than environment; civil society and private organizations such as associations and producer groups in subsectors forests, wildlife and fisheries, private operators in sub-sector forest, wildlife and fishing, operators of subsector improvement of life, environmental associations and NGOs; media

Cape Verde environment and water resources; environment, health and basic sanitation; environment and biodiversity; environment and planning, infrastructure and civil construction; environment and education, training, information and awareness; environment and tourism; environment and agriculture, forestry and livestock; environment and fisheries; environment and industry, energy and commerce

Cote d’Ivoire development of sustainable agriculture, forest management, national reforestation programme, water management, land management

Gambia (2014) Programme for Accelerated Growth and Employment-2012-2015 (PAGE), livestock, agriculture, fisheries, health, education & security

Ghana forestry, fisheries, livestock, crops

Guinea forestry, livestock and animal production, protected areas, agriculture and rural infrastructure, mining; health, tourism, fisheries, education

Guinea-Bissau Policy Letter for Agricultural Development, Tropical Forestry Action Plan, Forest Act, Law of Wildlife, Support Programme of Integrated Management of Natural Resources in upstream Niger and Gambia, Broad Policy Letter of Livestock Development, Strategic Plan for the Development of Fisheries, National Plan for Health Development

Liberia forest biodiversity, agriculture biodiversity, inland water, health, fisheries and livestock, mining

Mali (2014)Le Cadre Stratégique de Croissance et de la Réduction de la pauvreté (CSCRP), la Politique Nationale de Changement Climatique (PNCC), pêche, elevage, forestière
(2009) land management

Mauritania environmental sector, education sector, research and training sector, agriculture, fisheries, oil sector

Niger agriculture, breeding, forestry, wildlife, fishing, land planning, mines, energy, trade and private sector, sports and youth, health, crafts, tourism, culture and art, equipment

Senegal land planning, energy, industry and mining, livestock, agriculture, fisheries, tourism, education and training, transport and infrastructure

Togo agriculture, transport and infrastructure, energy, water resources, industry and mining, education, and environmental sector

South America
Argentina national organizations, provincial agencies, research and education centers, nongovernmental organizations; biodiversity and education

Brazil pharmaceutical and cosmetic products; biotechnology; agriculture including integrated production in agriculture certification, family production, organic agricultural production, on-farm conservation, moratorium on soybean from Amazon Deforestation – ABIOVE and ANEC; fisheries and aquaculture; forestry, including deforestation, forest fire, non-timber forest products, sustainable forest management; biofuels; extractive activities; mining; livestock; health; industry; construction sector; science and technology; commerce; education; bank and administrative services; tourism; general initiatives for the economic sectors; ecological and economic zoning and priority areas; pollution, including water quality, agricultural pollution, mining pollution and degradation, air pollution

Chile agriculture, forestry, rural development, fisheries and aquaculture, mining, education, health, tourism, finance, commerce, industry

Colombia mining

Ecuador agriculture, education, health, fisheries, water resources, mining and oil, tourism, finance, commerce and industry, decentralized autonomous governments

Guyana processes taken to integrate biodiversity into the sectors

Peru environment, production, agriculture, education, health, trade and tourism, energy and mining, Presidency of the Council of Ministers, research and development

Suriname mining, including gold mining, agriculture such as rice, forestry

Uruguay (2014) Agriculture, fishing, mining, tourism, national budget containing environment including biodiversity, but with low allocation
(2010) Agriculture and rural development, environmental education, participation in biodiversity management, biodiversity and health, fishing and marine and coastal biodiversity, forest resources, tourism, energy and industry

Venezuela national project Simón Bolívar 2007-2013; National Land Plan; National Environmental Plan.

South-Eastern Asia
Brunei Darussalam Ninth National Development Plan (9th NDP) (2007-2012), National Forestry Policy (1989), National Physical Plan
Cambodia environment sector, forest sector, fisheries sector, agriculture sector, water resources sector, energy sector and mining, tourism sector, environmental education, financial sector
Indonesia process of integrating
Lao People's Democratic Republic forestry, water resources, energy, fisheries, road/infrastructure development, trade and industry, agriculture (sustainable agriculture strategy, conserving agricultural biodiversity), tourism, actions on integrating biodiversity conservation into development activities
Malaysia National Forestry Policy (1992), National Wetlands Policy (2004), National Agriculture Policy (2006), National Physical Plan (2005), National Urbanisation Policy (2006), National Biotechnology Policy (2006)
Myanmar agricultural sector, educational sector, forestry sector, trade sector, health sector, mining sector, livestock breeding and fishery sectors, science and technology sector, rural development scheme for income generation and upgrade livelihood
Philippines integrated watershed management, integrated coastal management (ICM), marine protected areas, integrated river basin and coastal area management
Singapore Ministry of National Development (MND), Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA), Building and Construction Authority (BCA), Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA), National Parks Board (NParks), Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR), National Environment Agency (NEA), Public Utilities Board (PUB), Ministry of Education (MOE); tertiary and research institutions; biodiversity interest groups; private sector
Timor-Leste forestry and protected areas, fishery, tourism, energy, agriculture
Viet Nam the sector of natural resources and environment, the sector of agriculture and forestry, the sector of fishery, the sector of tourism, the sector of industry and trade, the sector of science and technology, the sector of finance, the sector of training and education

Southern Asia
Afghanistan Decree on the prohibition of forest harvesting, Decree on the prohibition of hunting, draft Water Law, draft Protected Area Regulations, draft Fauna Conservation and Hunting Regulation, draft Rangeland Law, draft Forest Law, other draft legislation, draft Land Policy
Bangladesh Forest Policy 1994, National Land Use Policy 2001, National Fisheries Policy 1998, National Water Policy 1999, Coastal Zone Policy 2005, Livestock Development Policy 1992, National Seed Policies
Bhutan agricultural policy, energy policy, industrial policy, surface transport policy, Forest Act of Bhutan 1969, Forest and Nature Conservation Act 1995, Environmental Assessment Act 2000, Livestock Act of Bhutan 2000, Biodiversity Act 2003, Mines & Minerals Act 1995; National Environment Commission, the Department of Forest, Department of Agriculture, the Department of Livestock, other line agencies and organizations, the National Biodiversity Center, Natural Resources Development Corporation Limited, Druk Seed Corporation, Royal Society for the Protection of Nature, Bhutan Trust Fund for Environmental Conservation, Sustainable Development Secretariat
India 1. agriculture, livestock genetic resources and animal husbandry, forestry and wildlife (promotion of wildlife based eco-tourism, livelihoods from non-timber forest products, medicinal flora and fauna), inland waters and marine fisheries,land use planning, research and technology
2. Counting sectoral financing
Iran (Islamic Republic of) integrating biodiversity into relevant sectors
Maldives integration
Nepal mainstreaming biodiversity considerations
Pakistan agriculture, livestock, fisheries, forestry and plantations, education, tourism
Sri Lanka decentralisation

Eastern Europe
Belarus spatial planning and urban development, transport and road construction, agriculture and land use, forestry and hunting, fisheries, water resources and irrigation, industry and energy, defense, tourism and recreation, education
Bulgaria forestry, game management and hunting, agriculture, fishery, water sector, economy, energetics, transport, regional development, tourism, science and education
Czech Republic ecological sustainable tourism, environmental education, financial support mechanisms
Hungary agriculture, forestry, fisheries, regional development, land use planning, transport, energy, tourism, education
Poland forest management, agriculture, fishery, and tourism
Republic of Moldova Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources (MENR), Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry (MAFI), State forestry agency "Moldsilva", Ministry of Local Public Administration (MLPA), local public authorities (LPA), agriculture, forestry, rural development, trade, industry, health, research and education
Romania ecological sustainable tourism
Russian Federation forestry, fisheries, rural development and agriculture, development of tourism, research programs, system of environmental education, the media, social organizations, programs of the fuel and energy complex, mining and oil and gas industries
Slovakia Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Economy including National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Slovak Republic (NSSD) and State Tourism Policy of the Slovak Republic (ŠPCR), Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Culture
Ukraine forestry, land use, agriculture, fisheries, education and awareness-raising

Northern Europe
Denmark 1. Counting sectoral financing
2. spatial planning, municipal cooperation, agriculture, forestry, fishery and aquaculture policies, extraction of raw materials, infrastructural development, such as railways and highways; financing and expenditure; fiscal policy; education; international co-operation
Estonia national development plans, environment, economy, communication, transportation, housing and communal services, agriculture and primary sector (fisheries, forestry), tourism, education and science, health, social care and youth, regional development and regional policies, defense and security, foreign policy
Finland governance structure, international co-operation, including EU co-operation
Ireland National Development Plan 2007-2013; Rural Development Strategy and Programme 2007-2013 (RDP), Ireland’s overseas development assistance (ODA) and biodiversity
Latvia environment, economy, communication, transportation, agriculture, forestry, tourism, education and science, defense
Lithuania agriculture and rural development, fisheries, transport, tourism, energy, education and information
Norway 1. Ministry of Children and Equality (BLD), Ministry of Finance (FIN), Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs (FKD), Ministry of Defence (FD), Ministry of Health and Care Services (HOD), Ministry of Justice and the Police (JPD), Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development (KRD), Ministry of Culture and Church Affairs (KKD), Ministry of Education and Research (KD), Ministry of Agriculture and Food (LMD), Ministry of Trade and Industry (NHD), Ministry of Petroleum and Energy (OED), Ministry of Transport and Communications (SD)
2. Counting sectoral financing
Sweden agriculture, forestry, fisheries, physical planning
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland agriculture, woodlands, marine and coastal, water and wetlands, air quality, invasive non-native species, infrastructure development, climate change, public engagement

Southern Europe
Albania sectors in protection of environment and biodiversity

Bosnia and Herzegovina institutional framework

Croatia (2014) Physical planning (Spatial planning), agriculture, forestry, freshwater fisheries, marine fisheries, water management, tourism, transport, energy
(2009) agriculture, forestry, hunting, freshwater fisheries, marine fisheries, use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), water management, tourism, transport, energy, mining; general inter-sectoral integration, including education, research and monitoring, public information and participation, physical planning

Italy 1. Counting sectoral financing
2. rural development and agriculture, forests, fishing, quarries and mines, tourism, human health policies related to biodiversity, food security

Malta agriculture & rural development, fisheries & aquaculture, tourism, air quality, climate change, development control and land use planning, water

Montenegro Tourism Development Strategy

Portugal land use planning, agriculture, hunting, forests, fisheries, tourism

Serbia agriculture, forestry, fishery, hunting, water resource management, energy, mining and industry, tourism, and traffic

Slovenia agriculture, forestry, hunting, fisheries, water management, industry and energy sector, transport (road transport, greenhouse-gas emissions), tourism, spatial management, monitoring, education, training and communication (partnership)

Spain agriculture, rural development, forestry, fishing, regional and territorial development, transport, hunting, tourism and energy, international cooperation

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia National Master Plan of the Republic of Macedonia, State Budget Strategy 2008-2012, Sustainable Macedonia 21 (SM21), Coalition agreements of the government, Sectoral development plan 2007–2010, Research and preservation, Sectoral development plan 2008–2012, Strategy for accomplishment of basis for population policy 2006-2015, Development Plan for Support to Civic Initiative 2010, Economy: Long-term Public Fuel, Energy Sector Development Plan 2006-2015, The Macedonian Communication Strategy for Environment (2006-2020), The Public Transport Development Programme 2008-2015, The Rural Development Plan 2008-2015, National Fisheries Development Plan 2006– 2010, National Forestry Development Plan 2006-2010, National Hunting Activities Development Plan 2006–2010, The National Tourism Development Plan 2006-2020, The Development Plan for e-learning 2008-2015, The National Education Strategy 2006- 2015; health, social care and youth; regional development and regional policies

Western Europe
Austria agriculture, forestry, spatial planning, tourism, hunting and industry/energy/traffic

Belgium 1. Counting sectoral financing
2. water management, agriculture, forestry, military areas, business, local authorities, private public partnership, land use planning, budgets, construction, economy, development cooperation, and science policy

France 1. Counting sectoral financing
2. agriculture, land policy, forestry, fisheries, finance, tourism, mining industry, industry, commerce, education, public awareness and information, rural development program, climate change adaptation strategy, sustainable development strategy, environmental plan, infrastructure and transport, urbanization, international cooperation and research

Germany 1. Counting sectoral financing
2. agricultural policy, rural development policy, forestry policy, fisheries policy, settlement and traffic policy, nature-friendly expansion of renewable energy sources, tourism, sport and health

Liechtenstein forest, agriculture, land use planning, tourism, research (basic research, applied research), education and public outreach (education at schools, public information, cooperation with private institutions and NGOs)

Luxembourg land use, agriculture / forestry

Netherlands 1. Counting sectoral financing
2. agriculture, education, health, rural development, forestry, fishery, mining, tourism, finance, trade, industry

Switzerland 1. Counting sectoral contributions
2. spatial development, transport and mobility, tourism and leisure, energy, hydropower and renewables, soils, defence, environment related taxes, innovation, research and training for sustainable development, agriculture, forests, inland waters, drylands, mountain ecosystems, trade

European Union (2014) Common agricultural policy, common fisheries policy and cohesion policy (green infrastructure), introduction of a new methodology for tracking biodiversity-related expenditure throughout the EU budget
(2012) Counting sectoral financing
(2009) agriculture, maritime and water policies, research policy, external policies

National inclusion of biodiversity is biodiversity action that is institutionalized, intentional and planned through national public organizations and/or private bodies, and - in their totality - constitute the formal biodiversity management system of a country. Mainstreaming often refers to institutionalized aspects of national inclusion while integration is used to describe planned dimension. Almost all countries reported certain sectoral and cross-sectoral inclusion of biodiversity, but some appears to be incidental or random inclusion as they are not institutionalized, intentional or planned.

While broadening national inclusion of biodiversity was a major issue of the past decade, deepening national inclusion has become an emerging challenge for this decade. In particular, financial inclusion of biodiversity is not well developed, and only a small number of countries reported such inclusion, such as Mexico, Kyrgyz Republic, Mozambique, Comoros, Burundi, Tunisia, Noway, Vietnam, Ecuador, Chile, Netherlands, and France. A few countries also considered biodiversity in development assistance projects, including Japan, Czech Republic, Chad, Ireland, Denmark, Australia, Namibia, Colombia,Niger, Guinea Bissau and Panama.

Croatia indicated that the integration of biological diversity has been achieved at the legislative level (it has been integrated into strategic documents) and in sectors of agriculture, forestry, hunting, fisheries, environmental protection, nature protection, marine, etc.. However, in most of the sectors, no operational mechanisms for implementation have been established. Similarly in Zambia, the poverty reduction strategy paper and national development plan have stand-alone sections on the environment or natural resources (which include biodiversity), but with no real demonstrated linkages to other sectors. These government documents are generally not influencing the main forces affecting degradation because they mostly fail to establish systems and processes that engage the dominant sectors of society and government. Algeria left funding needs of biodiversity to be taken care of in national socioeconomic development plans. Burkina Faso noted that biodiversity conservation and sustainable use must go harmony with other national strategies and plans and sectoral development plans that exist or are being developed or planned. Belgium promotes integration of biodiversity into development plans of partner countries. France undertakes to turn biodiversity into a driver for development. Developing countries and development partners of developed countries need to redouble efforts to integrate biodiversity and ecosystem services into development plans and strategies, particularly whenever they are updated.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme