Asia and Oceania

Central Asia

Information Digest No. 74: Sectoral integration in Turkmenistan. This digest briefs on the scale of integration of biodiversity into sectoral and national policies and programs; existing mechanisms of policies and national and regional programs and memoranda; the ecosystem approach and its use; the scale of the integration of biodiversity into environmental impact assessment.

Information Digest No. 73: Sectoral integration in Tajikistan. This digest touches on cooperation within the conventions adopted in Rio de Janeiro, further development of international and regional co-operation and partnership, research and scientific cooperation, cooperation in the field of education, advocacy and information dissemination, cooperation Initiative NGO, and cooperation with local authorities.

Information Digest No. 72: Sectoral integration in Kyrgyz Republic. This digest contains information on including of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity issues into appropriate sectoral and cross-sectoral plans and programmes, such as agriculture, environmental education and public awareness, public health, forestry, mining industry, development of rural rayons, tourism, finance, trade and industry; other national and sub-national strategies and programmes, directed to poverty alleviation and achievement of Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable development; scopes of including of biodiversity into sectoral and cross-sectoral strategies and plans; process of including of biodiversity into sectoral and cross-sectoral strategies and plans and measures, undertaken at national and local levels to achieve objectives of the Convention on biodiversity; mechanism and measures, providing minimal loss under implementation of strategies and plans, directed to achievement of objectives of the Convention on biodiversity; use of positive and elimination of faulty stimulus; implementing ecosystem approach and its use under including of biodiversity into sectoral and cross-sectoral strategies and plans and programmes; scopes of including of biodiversity into assessment of environmental consequences and strategic environmental assessment conducted at different levels; analysis of achieved results in the process NBCAP implementation.

Information Digest No. 71: Sectoral integration in Kazakhstan. This digest briefs on biotechnology, Agriculture, Water, State forest fund, Hunting, Fisheries, Forestry, Nature reserve fund, International conventions and agreements on Biological Diversity, and Ecotourism.

Eastern Asia

Information Digest No. 205: Sectoral integration in Republic of Korea. This digest briefs on biodiversity activities of central government, local government and the private sector.

Information Digest No. 204: Sectoral integration in Mongolia. This digest collects information on mmillennium development goals-based comprehensive national development strategy of Mongolia; Mongolia Action Programme in the 21st Century; Millennium Development Goals; regional development; international, regional and bilateral cooperation; agriculture; public health; mining industry; environmental education and public awareness; the role NGOs in biodiversity public awareness.

Information Digest No. 203: Sectoral integration in Democratic People's Republic of Korea. This digest briefs on the strategic direction of eco - environmental conservation of DPRK; relations between NBSAP and the sectoral plans of national economy; integrating biodiversity issues into relevant sectoral plans of national economy, including forest sector, agriculture sector, public health, fishery, efforts to raise public awareness of nature and ecological environment, and other sectors.

Information Digest No. 202: Mainstreaming of biodiversity in society in Japan. This digest provides information on examples of governmental measures, such as agriculture, forestry and fisheries, forests, urban areas, sustainable use of genetic resources, promotion and implementation, international cooperation, official development assistance (ODA), environmental impact assessment; efforts by local governments; efforts by private enterprises; efforts by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and other bodies; efforts by scientific bodies; cooperation of diverse stakeholders.

Information Digest No. 201: Sectoral integration in China. This digest contains activities in agricultural sector, forestry, urban and rural development sector, marine sector, water resources sector, education sector, science and technology sector, poverty alleviation and development sector, land and resources management sector, commerce sector, customs sector, traditional Chinese medicine management sector, intellectual property management sector, national plans and programs, as well as future directions in mainstreaming.

South-East Asia

Information Digest No. 480: Sectoral integration in Vietnam. This digest contains information on integrating biodiversity into inter-sectoral plans, programs and policies and regional development, such as: strategies for hunger eradication and poverty reduction, national sustainable development strategy, national action plan to combat desertification, planning to response to climate change, regional development plans; integrating biodiversity in implementing international conventions; integrating biodiversity in related sectors including the sector of natural resources and environment, the sector of agriculture and forestry, the sector of fishery, the sector of tourism, the sector of industry and trade, the sector of science and technology, the sector of finance, the sector of training and education; mechanisms for integrating biodiversity contents; ecosystem-based approach for integrating biodiversity into sectoral and inter-sectoral strategies, plans and programs; some achievements of biodiversity integration into sectoral and intersectoral policies.

Information Digest No. 479: Sectoral integration in Timor-Leste. This digest briefs on mainstreaming biodiversity in national policies and legal frameworks, including constitutional framework, UNTAET regulations, environmental licensing decree law and biodiversity, proposed biodiversity decree law; mainstreaming biodiversity in national and sectoral plans, including the strategic development plan (sdp) (2011-2030), climate change adaptation plan, land management plan; Timor-Leste and the global multilateral environmental agreements; biodiversity considerations in sectoral plans, such as forestry and protected areas, fishery, tourism, energy, agriculture, engaging other sectors.

Information Digest No. 478: Sectoral integration in Singapore. This digest briefs on stakeholders, including the public sector, such as Ministry of National Development (MND), Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA), Building and Construction Authority (BCA), Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA), National Parks Board (NParks), Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR), National Environment Agency (NEA), Public Utilities Board (PUB), Ministry of Education (MOE); tertiary and research institutions; biodiversity interest groups; private sector ; sectoral and cross-sectoral integration of biodiversity, in education, land use planning, sustainable development; inter-ministerial committee on sustainable development (IMCSD), water management: active, beautiful and clean (ABC) waters programme, waste management: Pulau Semakau; partnerships, such as research and conservation partnerships, partnerships on education and outreach.

Information Digest No. 477: Sectoral integration in Philippines. This digest briefs on ecosystems approach to environment and natural resources management, including integrated watershed management, integrated coastal management (ICM), marine protected areas, integrated river basin and coastal area management, biodiversity conservation corridors; building alliances and partnerships.

Information Digest No. 476: Sectoral integration in Myanmar. This digest covers some measures on biodiversity conservation in agricultural sector, educational sector, forestry sector, trade sector, health sector, mining sector, livestock breeding and fishery sectors, science and technology sector, sustainable development: Myanmar Agenda 21, Myanmar National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS); Myanmar commitment to MEA (Multilateral Environmental Agreement); rural development scheme for income generation and upgrade livelihood.

Information Digest No. 475: Sectoral integration in Malaysia. This digest includes information on integration of conservation of biodiversity in national development plan, policies and action plans, such as Ninth Malaysia Plan (9MP) (2006-2010), National Policy on Biological Diversity (1998), National Policy on the Environment (2002), National Forestry Policy (1992), National Wetlands Policy (2004), National Agriculture Policy (2006), National Physical Plan (2005), National Urbanisation Policy (2006), Farm Animal Genetic Resources Management Plan (1998), National Biotechnology Policy (2006), Action Plan for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Fishery Resource Biological Diversity of Malaysia (2006), National Action Plan for the Management of Coral Reefs in Malaysia (2008); legal and regulatory framework; implementing agencies; institutional framework for implementation, such as National Biodiversity - Biotechnology Council (MBBN), other National Councils, State Biodiversity Councils.

Information Digest No. 474: Sectoral integration in People's Democratic Republic of Lao. This digest contains information on biodiversity considerations in national development plans and strategies, such as fulfilling lao pdr’s commitments to multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI) in Lao PDR, The Biodiversity Corridors Initiative; mainstreaming biodiversity in sectoral plans in lao pdr, including forestry, water resources, energy, fisheries, road/infrastructure development, trade and industry, agriculture (sustainable agriculture strategy, conserving agricultural biodiversity), tourism, actions on integrating biodiversity conservation into development activities, environment and biodiversity conservation governance in lao pdr, other concerned agencies, mobilizing resources for biodiversity conservation.

Information Digest No. 473: Sectoral integration in Indonesia. This digest covers on players in biodiversity management in Indonesia; the process of integrating biodiversity considerations into sectors, such as National Development System in Indonesia, integration of biodiversity considerations into the national development plan, mainstreaming of biodiversity considerations into sectoral strategic planning, mainstreaming of biodiversity considerations into local government coordination, the integration of biodiversity consideration into national strategies and programs (Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), PNPM Mandiri (National Program on Community Empowerment), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Indonesia National Strategies and Action Plan on Wetland Management 2004, environmental impact assessment (AMDAL), strategic environmental assessment (SEA), incentive Program, contribution of biodiversity integration into the implementation of IBSAP.

Information Digest No. 472: Sectoral integration in Cambodia. This digest contains information on intersectoral policy, sectorial policy in environment sector, forest sector, fisheries sector, agriculture sector, water resources sector, energy sector and mining, tourism sector, environmental education, financial sector; other international agreements; regional agreements; impacts of biodiversity mainstreaming on poverty.

Information Digest No. 471: Sectoral integration in Brunei Darussalam. This digest briefs on integration of conservation of biodiversity in national development plan, policies and action plans, such as Ninth National Development Plan (9th NDP) (2007-2012), National Forestry Policy (1989), National Physical Plan; legal and regulatory framework; implementing agencies; institutional framework for implementation, voluntary carbon offset for the conservation of biological diversity.

Southern Asia

Information Digest No. 389: Sectoral integration in Sri Lanka. This digest briefs on sectoral integration of biodiversity, such as the environmental sector (institutional arrangements), decentralisation of biodiversity conservation, integrating biodiversity conservation into sectoral plans; cross-sectoral integration of biodiversity conservation concerns (institutions responsible for biodiversity conservation); overview of mainstreaming biodiversity into cross-sectoral strategies and plans (mechanisms for cross-sectoral integration of biodiversity concerns); integration with other conventions.

Information Digest No. 388: Sectoral integration in Pakistan. This digest briefs on agriculture, livestock, fisheries, forestry and plantations, education, tourism, conservation and sustainable development, cross cutting issues, multilateral environmental agreements, millennium development goals.

Information Digest No. 387: Sectoral integration in Nepal. This digest contains information on mainstreaming biodiversity considerations, such as systemic level, international agreements and obligations, national strategies, complementarities and gaps in legislations; implementation arrangements: Sectoral and cross-sectoral, as well as climate change; organizational structure of the Implementation Plan, including people’s participation, financial resources; obstacles and challenges in the implementation; way forward.

Information Digest No. 386: Sectoral integration in Maldives. This digest provides information on integration of biodiversity into national, sectoral and cross-sectoral plans, policies and strategies; measures taken, mechanisms established and incentives adopted to conserve biodiversity; adopting an ecosystem approach in mainstreaming biodiversity; biodiversity issues in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process; an example of an outcome as a result of integration of biodiversity measures; case study: valuing biodiversity – the economic case for biodiversity conservation in the Maldives; financing biodiversity conservation in the Maldives; economic incentives to conserve biodiversity in the Maldives; economic instruments that can act as incentives for biodiversity conservation.

Information Digest No. 385: Sectoral integration in Iran (Islamic Republic of). This digest briefs on national biodiversity legislation and framework, integrating biodiversity into relevant sectors, biodiversity related conventions and agreements.

Information Digest No. 384: Sectoral integration in India. This digest covers information on mainstreaming biodiversity in production landscapes/seascapes and sectors, such as agriculture, major institutions, missions and projects (National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, National Bamboo Mission), livestock genetic resources and animal husbandry, forestry and wildlife (promotion of wildlife based eco-tourism, livelihoods from non-timber forest products, medicinal flora and fauna), inland waters and marine fisheries; enabling environment, such as policies and legislations, institutional mechanisms, allocation of financial resources, capacity building, land use planning, research and technology; participation of NGOs; partnership and cooperation in different sectors; international cooperation; other cross-sectoral initiatives; facilitative role of judiciary of India.

Information Digest No. 383: Sectoral integration in Bhutan. This digest contains information on the 10th Five Year Plan (2008-2013) Planning Guidelines; strategic framework for the 10 FYP; resource allocation framework; cross-cutting Issues & other strategic frameworks, including the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan and legislation related to bio-diversity, policies and legislations enabling integrations, National Environmental Strategy (NES), agricultural policy, energy policy, industrial policy, surface transport policy, Forest Act of Bhutan 1969, Forest and Nature Conservation Act 1995, Environmental Assessment Act 2000, Livestock Act of Bhutan 2000, Biodiversity Act 2003, Mines & Minerals Act 1995; cross-sector integration of biodiversity considerations by National Environment Commission, the Department of Forest, Department of Agriculture, the Department of Livestock, other line agencies and organizations, the National Biodiversity Center, Natural Resources Development Corporation Limited, Druk Seed Corporation, Royal Society for the Protection of Nature, Bhutan Trust Fund for Environmental Conservation, Sustainable Development Secretariat; poverty-environment mainstreaming in Bhutan.

Information Digest No. 382: Sectoral integration in Bangladesh. This digest briefs on status of mainstreaming NBSAP at institutional level, individual levels, in the policy frameworks, including Environment Policy 1992, Forest Policy 1994, National Land Use Policy 2001, National Fisheries Policy 1998, National Water Policy 1999, Coastal Zone Policy 2005, Livestock Development Policy 1992, National Seed Policies; challenges for inter-sectoral integration; assessing the cross-cutting issues among climate change action plans and NBSAP; PRSP and NBSAP: complementariness and conflicts; accelerating the pace of mainstreaming of biodiversity.

Information Digest No. 381: Sectoral integration in Afghanistan. This digest briefs on Afghanistan’s biodiversity legislation, including pre-2001 laws relevant to biodiversity, post-conflict laws relevant to biodiversity, such as Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Environment Law, Decree on the prohibition of forest harvesting, Decree on the prohibition of hunting, draft Water Law, draft Protected Area Regulations, draft Fauna Conservation and Hunting Regulation, draft Rangeland Law, draft Forest Law, other draft legislation, draft Land Policy; national strategies, including Afghanistan Millennium Development Goals Country Report 2005 –Vision 2020, Afghanistan Compact, Afghan National Development Strategy (ANDS), National Environment Strategy, United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF); national level government framework, such as relationship of line ministries: MoAIL and NEPA, strategic direction of MoAIL, strategic direction of NEPA, other central government institutions, national NGOs; coordinating and decision-making committees, such as Inter-Ministerial Committee for Environmental Coordination (CEC), National Environmental Advisory Council (NEAC), Parliamentary Committee on the Environment, Afghanistan Wildlife Executive Committee (AWEC), Biodiversity Coordination Committee, Biodiversity Working Group, Protected Area Working Group (PAWG); multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), including Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), Convention on the Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar), Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (WHC), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

Western Asia

Information Digest No. 282: Sectoral integration in Yemen. This digest covers environmental policy and strategy; national environmental action plan; the second and the third Five-Year Developmental Plan to 2010; the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2003 – 2005; Vision 2025; Environment and Sustainable Development Investment Programme 2003 – 2008; the National Strategy for Environmental Sustainability (NSES) 2006; Environmental and Sustainable Development Investment Program 2003–2008; Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); national capacity self-assessment; National Adaptation Programme of Action; National Agricultural & Natural Resources Management Policies (PRSP); main relevant sectoral agricultural policies, including plant production policies, seeds and fertilizer production policies, forestry and anti-desertification policies, agriculture research policies, livestock policies, fisheries sector strategy; education and public awareness; genetic resources in Yemen; biotechnology and biosafety.

Information Digest No. 281: Sectoral integration in Turkey. This digest has information on integration of biodiversity into policy, legislation and plans, such as the Constitution, nature conservation policies, strategies, plans and programmes, development plans; sectoral policy.

Information Digest No. 280: Sectoral integration in Syria Arab Republic. This digest briefs on environmental impact assessment.

Information Digest No. 279: Sectoral integration in Oman. This digest briefs on extent and process of integration, such as sector and cross sector integration, program Integration, policy Integration; mainstreaming of biodiversity; inclusion of biodiversity in EIA and other assessments; and analysis of outcomes.

Information Digest No. 278: Sectoral integration in Lebanon. This digest collects information on Government Policy Statement (2008-2009); national plans, policies and programmes related to main sectors, such as forestry, including National Reforestation Plan and National Strategy for Forest Fires, hunting, agriculture, fishery, urban planning, industry, economy and trade, water & energy, tourism, communication, education; other national plans, policies and programmes related to main sectors, for instance, impact assessments, action plans to combat desertification, National Master Plan for Quarries, National Action Plan for Solid Waste Management in Lebanon; Millennium Development Goals; other conventions besides the CBD; and conclusion.

Information Digest No. 277: Sectoral integration in Jordan. This digest briefs on gaps in biodiversity policies; national development plans, such as National Master Plan Jordan 2010, State Budget Strategy 2007-2010, the National Strategy for Agricultural Development 2002-2010, sustainable Jordanian Agenda 21, National Tourism Strategy 2004-2010; environmental strategy; environmental impact assessment.

Information Digest No. 276: Sectoral integration in Israel. This digest covers the national framework for promoting sustainable development, such as National Sustainable Development Strategy, and Ministry activity within the NCSD; environmental quality and sustainable use of resources; forestry; agriculture; regional planning; research, monitoring and education; legal, institutional and economic aspects, including economic Instruments and financing, institutional tools; international activity; other sectors and activities; conclusions.

Information Digest No. 275: Sectoral integration in Iraq. This digest briefs on institutional structure for CBD and core competencies, cross-sectoral legislative needs to achieve main policy goals, cross-sectoral legislative needs to address existing and future strategies and other International Conventions, upcoming Iraqi National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans (NBSAP).

Information Digest No. 274: Sectoral integration in Georgia. This digest briefs on forestry, agriculture, fishery, climate change, and environmental impact assessment.

Information Digest No. 273: Sectoral integration in Cyprus. This digest provides information on country’s integration strategies; addressing the threats to biodiversity, including agriculture, forest, water and wetlands, coastal and marine environment, climate change; environmental impact assessment, strategic environmental assessment and appropriate assessment.

Information Digest No. 272: Sectoral integration in Azerbaijan. This digest contains information on agriculture, forestry, fisheries, industry, construction, mining industry, energy and oil extraction, transport and tourism.

Information Digest No. 271: Sectoral integration in Armenia. This digests covers agriculture; forestry; industry; fishing and fisheries; education; tourism and recreation; integration of biodiversity issues in other national strategies and projects, including Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction Strategic Programs.


Information Digest No. 126: Sectoral integration in Tuvalu. This digest is on framework for environmental and biodiversity conservation, and relationship of the NBSAP to MDGs and the contribution of biodiversity conservation.

Information Digest No. 125: Sectoral integration in Tonga. This digest briefs on legal and policy framework; institutional arrangements; sectoral responsibilities; lack of direction from SDP-8; legislation and policies are sectoral ; continuous restructuring of MAFFF; lack of government financial support; lack of coordination and mainstreaming; cross sectoral responsibilities and collaboration & streamlining; mainstreaming of biodiversity in national programs.

Information Digest No. 124: Sectoral integration in Solomon Islands. This digest covers extent of integration or mainstreaming: national level, and sectoral level, including environment and conservation, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, mining, energy, water resources, education, health, tourism; tools and processes for mainstreaming and integrating biodiversity issues and sustainable use; use of ecosystem approach in mainstreaming of biodiversity; use of EIA in mainstreaming.

Information Digest No. 123: Sectoral integration in Samoa. This digest provides information on mainstreaming biodiversity conservation in national policies and plans; links with the Millennium Development Goals; biodiversity conservation integration in key sectors, including agriculture, fisheries, forestry, water resources, education sector, tourism sector; institutional arrangements for cross-sectoral mainstreaming, including Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), coastal infrastructure management (CIM) plans, National Adaptation Plan of Action (NAPA), Sustainable Management Plans, National Land Use Policy, Waste Management Policy (2002), multi-stakeholder mechanisms; and overall assessment.

Information Digest No. 122: Sectoral integration in Papua New Guinea. This digest touches upon regional approach to conservation; complex of customary land/marine ownership; administrative planning framework; integration of biodiversity into sectoral strategies and plans; biodiversity in environment impact assessment; way forward.

Information Digest No. 121: Sectoral integration in Niue. This digest briefs on National Integrated Strategic Plan (NISP) 2009-2013, other legislations, strategies and action plans.

Information Digest No. 120: Sectoral integration in New Zealand. This digest includes: Central Government - The Resource Management Act 1991, local government, industry, agriculture, education, rural development, forestry, fisheries, mining, tourism; other national and sub-national programmes and strategies and programmes: Poverty reduction strategies and papers.

Information Digest No. 119: Sectoral integration in Federated States of Micronesia. This digest contains information on integration of biodiversity into sectoral strategies and plans, including infrastructure, fisheries, forestry, energy, agriculture, tourism; the ecosystem approach; biodiversity in environmental impact assessment; outcomes achieved.

Information Digest No. 118: Sectoral integration in Fiji. This digest covers: overall assessment of mainstreaming; integration of biodiversity into relevant sectors, including Ministry of Primary Industries – Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Ministry of Lands, Mineral Resources & Energy, Ministry of Public Works Department, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Local Government, Urban Development, Housing and Environment, Department of Tourism; tools for mainstreaming; challenges to NBSAP implementation; collaboration activities between different agencies.

Information Digest No. 117: Sectoral integration in Cook Islands. This digest briefs on incorporation of the NBSAP into the National Environment Strategic Action Framework (NESAF); Te Kaveinga Nui and National Sustainable Development Plan; budgetary support to biodiversity conservation; institutional frameworks for biodiversity conservation, including National Environment Service, Ministry of Marine Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, non-government organizations; success of mainstreaming.

Information Digest No. 116: Sectoral integration in Australia. This digest covers working with States and Territories; greenhouse gas emissions trading and biodiversity; Environmental Stewardship; National Landcare Program; Australia’s Farming Future; the ecosystem approach; environmental impact assessments and strategic environmental assessments undertaken at various levels; outcomes achieved through implementation of these measures; biodiversity in programs of overseas development assistance (ODA); scientific and technical cooperation and technology transfer in forests and marine.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme