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Advancing More, Better and Faster Financing for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Environmental funds

Basis for action:

"To consider the enhancement of existing, or the establishment of new, domestic funds and funding programmes through voluntary contributions, including for official development assistance, where biodiversity is identified as a priority by developing country Parties in poverty reduction strategies, national development strategies, United Nations development assistance frameworks and other development assistance strategies, that include innovative financing instruments to achieve the Convention’s three objectives"... Strategy for resource mobilization, objective 2.5

"To establish, as appropriate, new and additional funding programmes through voluntary contributions to support the three objectives of the Convention"...Strategy for resource mobilization, objective 3.5

"To continue to support, as appropriate, domestic environmental funds as essential complements to the national biodiversity resource base"...Strategy for resource mobilization, objective 3.7

Central Asia
Kazakhstan Established a Kazakhstan's Fund for Conservation of Biodiversity (including all its statutory and regulatory documents), which is the first specialized non-governmental environmental Fund not only for Kazakhstan, but also for the CIS countries. It must create a mechanism of additional financing for projects aimed at conservation of biodiversity through providing grants to legal entities. The Fund was created on the basis of analysis of advanced international experience in compliance with the generally recognized international norms and standards. At the stage of its establishment UNDP and GEF provide financial, organizational and technical support to the Fund (GEF allocates funds in the amount of $1.5 million). The Biodiversity Conservation Fund, despite contributions of two Kazakhstan's companies ("Air Astana", "Kazakhmys") until now could not reach sufficient capitalization for full-scaled activities. It is connected to the fact that Kazakhstan's corporate sector still lacks stimulus for contributing funds to charities and environmental activities.
Biodiversity Conservation Fund, Aral Sea Salvation Fund; *Kazakh State Environmental Protection Fund; *National Environmental Protection Fund

Kyrgyzstan Republic and Local Environmental Funds

Tajikistan National Environmental Fund

Turkmenistan Nature Protection Fund, state fund of energy efficiency

Uzbekistan Fund for Reconstruction and Development; *Republic and Sub-National Environmental Protection Funds

Eastern Europe
Albania Biodiversity Special Fund; *Fund of the Directory General of Forest and Pasture

Belarus State Environmental Fund, Ecological Fund/State Ecological Bank; *Republican and regional/local environmental funds

Bulgaria National Environmental Protection Fund, National Trust EcoFund (NTEF), Bulgarian Forest National Fund; *Concessions Cost Recovery Fund; *National Environmental Protection Fund, National Trust EcoFund
(2014) National Science Fund

Czech Republic State Environmental Fund, National Trust EcoFund (NTEF); *Czech State Environment Fund, Annual report; *Czech State Environmental Fund

Hungary Central Environmental Protection Fund (KKA), Regional Development Fund, Water Management Fund; *Central Environmental Protection Fund

Poland 1. Funds for Environmental Protection and Water Management, Ecofund Foundation, Foundation for Eastern Carpathian Biodiversity Conservation; *EcoFund; *National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management, EcoFund, Cracow Provincial Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management
2. Counting environmental funds' contribution

Republic of Moldova National Ecological Fund, Energy Efficiency Fund, National Fund for Renewable Energy, *National Environmental Fund, Chisinau Municipal Environmental Fund; *National and Local Environmental Funds

Romania Fund for the Environment

Russian Federation Ecological Privatization Fund, Development and Environment Foundation, Far Eastern Biodiversity Conservation Fund; *Federal Environmental Fund, National Pollution Abatement Facility, Novgorod Regional Environmental Fund

Slovakia Environmental Fund, Foundation for Eastern Carpathian Biodiversity Conservation; *State Environmental Fund

Ukraine National Environmental Protection Fund; *27 environmental funds; *State Environmental Protection Fund of Ukraine; *State Environmental Protection Fund

Oceania
Australia Australia's Major National Funds; *Natural Heritage Trust, Australian Government Envirofund, Tasmanian Forest Conservation Fund; *Australian Rainforest Foundation; *A Revolving Fund for Biodiversity Conservation in Australia

Cook Islands Establish a Biodiversity Trust Fund, Emergency Response Trust Fund

Fiji Establishing a Biodiversity Conservation Trust Fund, *Sovi Basin Trust Fund, Fiji Heritage Foundation (FHF)

Kiribati Kiribati Revenue and Equalization Reserve Fund

Micronesia (Federated States of) Micronesian Conservation Trust Fund (MCT)

Nauru National Tidal Foundation, Nauru Phosphate Royalty Trust Fund

New Zealand Nature Heritage Fund, Nga Whenua Rahui, Biodiversity Advice Fund, Biodiversity Condition Fund, Queen Elizabeth II National Trust (QEII)

Niue Considering Conservation Trust Fund

Palau Establish a Palau Conservation Trust Fund

Papua New Guinea PNG Mama Graun Conservation Trust Fund, *Environment Trust Fund

Samoa Establish a Conservation Trust Fund, Clean Energy Fund

Solomon Islands need to develop a national Environmental Fund (ET)
Establishment of a National Conservation Trust Fund; *Forest Trust
Tonga Climate Change Trust Fund. The Tonga Community Development Trust (TCDT) is an indigenous, non-governmental development organization operating in the Kingdom of Tonga, focused on capacity building with special attention on the less developed and more disadvantaged communities of Tonga, with focal areas on sustainable development and environmental conservation. A Fisheries Development and Export Fund (FDEF) was established in 2014 with starting capital of TOP300,000. Its objective is to improve the cooperation between fishermen, vessel owner and exporters (Fisheries Business) so that all parties can work more effectively together to generate increased exports, income and employment in the fisheries sector.

Vanuatu Establishing a conservation environment trust fund; *Forest Fund
Pacific Conservation Trust Fund (PCTF)

Status and Trends
National environmental funds are among the most popular tools to mobilize resources for biodiversity and ecosystem services. A 2013 survey of thirty-six conservation trust funds, 49% from Latin America and Caribbean, 28% Africa and 25% Asia and others, indicated over $672 million in US equivalent dollars under their management. An earlier survey of some twenty funds observed that the total amount contributed by donors to conservation funds probably exceeds $1.2 billion, of which around $800 million already given out as grants for biodiversity conservation, environmental protection and sustainable development, mostly in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. The most successful conservation funds in raising additional capital are those which have managed to start a "virtuous cycle" by attracting initial contributions from at least one or two key international donors, and demonstrating a high level of accountability and results during their start-up phase (i.e., their first one to five years of grantmaking).

The contribution of environmental funds to biodiversity conservation can be significantly. Suriname Conservation Foundation covers 100 percent of costs of Central Suriname Nature Reserve, lesser percentages of other protected areas. Peru’s PROFONANPE provides for 75 percent of costs of national protected area system, Bolivia’s FUNDESNAP is responsible for 50 percent of total costs of national protected area system, Ecuador’s FAN shares 20 percent of costs of national protected areas system, and Mexico’s FMCN shoulders 14 percent of total costs of the national protected areas system.

Nevertheless, a number of environmental funds appears undercapitalized, particularly in Africa, due to several reasons: original capital base fell short of expected needs or was intended as a first infusion with the intention that additional funds would flow to the funds; demand for conservation support exceeded initial estimates; endowment returns failed to keep pace with inflation; or the funds suffered a decline in asset base due to negative returns.

Counting
The methodologies for counting financial flows can differ among various funds. Conservation funds and parks funds primarily finances activities related to biodiversity and ecosystem services, and thus should be counted as biodiversity funding. Grants funds channel resources to target groups (typically non-governmental organizations and community-based organizations) for a broad range of conservation and sustainable development projects, and brown funds, financed mostly by pollution charges or fines, often allocate five to ten percent of their grants for biodiversity conservation. Sectoral funds often contain special programmes on biodiversity and ecosystem services. These categories of funding should be examined in terms of direct funding and beneficiary funding for biodiversity.

Endowment funds are invested with capital in perpetuity, and only use resulting investment income to finance grants and activities. Sinking funds disburse their entire principal and investment income over a fairly long period (typically ten to 20 years) until it is completely depleted. Counting methods on endowment funds and sinking funds must make distinction between capital assets and actual annual spending. Revolving funds receive income from taxes, fees, fines, payments for ecosystem services, etc., and are normally earmarked for several specified purposes. Only direct and beneficiary funding for biodiversity should be counted from these revolving funds.

As environmental funds draw up a diversified pool of funding resources, including official development assistance and national budgets, double counting is thus should be avoided.

Ideas of mobilization
  • The importance and role of national environmental funds are duly recognized and explored in national biodiversity strategies and action plans as well as in other national strategic documents
  • International donors and public-private partnerships are encouraged to promote additional resource flows to environmental funds and make full use of the potential of environmental funds
  • National environmental funds and sectoral funds are convinced to increase their allocations to biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • Capacity building and technical assistance are provided to new environmental funds and best practice and lessons learned are shared among fund practitioners
  • National environmental funds are promoted as a force of co-financing and execution for attracting internationally-financed projects on biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • National environmental funds are encouraged to pilot, replicate, participate in and make full use of emerging markets for ecosystem services
  • A global survey of environmental funds is conducted at least biennially in order to monitor trends, identify gaps and develop options

Comoros
Fund for environmental management

Djibouti
National Environmental Fund

Eritrea
Eritrean National Desertification Fund (ENDF)

Ethiopia
National Desertification Fund
Trust Fund for the Conservation of Ethiopia’s Protected Areas

Kenya
Forest Fund, National Biodiversity Trust Fund

Madagascar
(2014) La FAPBM: La Fondation pour les Aires Protégées et la Biodiversité (FAPBM) de Madagascar est une Fondation privée malgache créée en 2005 et reconnue d’utilité publique. Elle est la plus grande Fondation environnementale de toute la région Afrique avec un capital d’un peu plus de 50 millions de dollars..La FAPBM a pour objectif de promouvoir le financement durable pour la conservation de la biodiversité et la gestion des aires protégées. La Fondation Tany Meva : La Fondation Tany Meva est la première fondation environnementale malgache à vocation communautaire qui a pour mission de mobiliser et de gérer des ressources financières afin de promouvoir la gestion durable de l’environnement avec l’implication des communautés locales.
Foundation for Biodiversity, Tany Meva Foundation, Forestry Funds, Fisheries and Aquaculture Development Fund, Fonds d’Appui pour le Développement de l’Enseignement Supérieur
Madagascar Trust Fund for Sustainable Protection of Nature Reserves
Tany Meva – Malagasy Environment Foundation
Fonds Forestier National

Mauritius
National Environment Fund, National Parks and Conservation Fund, Fishermen Investment Trust, Food Security Fund

Rwanda
National Fund for the Environment, National Forest Fund

Seychelles
Environment Trust Fund (NR3), Seychelles Island Foundation, National disaster emergency fund
Seychelles Island Foundation

Somalia, South Sudan

Sudan
National desertification fund

Tanzania
Tanzania Wildlife Protection Fund (TWPF), National Environment Trust Fund, Tanzania Forest Fund, Eastern Arc Mountain Endowment Fund
Tanzania Wildlife Protection Fund, National Fund for Protected Area Management ( NFPAM- Zanzibar), Amani Nature Conservation Fund, Eastern Arc Endowment Fund, and National Environmental Trust Fund
Tanzania Forest Fund, (Zanzibar) Forestry Development Fund
Tanzania Land Conservation Trust

Uganda
Bwindi Mgahinga Conservation Trust, Environment Fund, Tree Fund
Mgahinga and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Conservation Trust (MBIFCT)
Mgahinga and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Conservation Trust, Environmental Conservation Trust
Uganda National Desertification Fund

Angola
Oil Fund, National Scientific and Technological Development Fund, reforestation fund, National Solidarity and Assistance Fund

Botswana
Tropical Forest Conservation Fund (TFCF), national environmental fund

Lesotho
Lesotho Fund for Community Development, Lesotho Highlands Revenue Fund, social funds, Roads Fund, Disaster Management Fund
Forest fund

Malawi
Malawi Environmental Endowment Trust (MEET), Mount Mulanje Conservation Trust (MMCT), Environmental Management Fund, Malawi Social Action Fund
(2000) Malawi Environmental Endowment Trust, Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust
Forest Development and Management Fund

Mozambique
National Fund of Environment (FUNAB), National Research Fund
Forest and Wildlife Development Fund

Namibia
(2014) The Game Products Trust Fund (GPTF), established under the Game Products Trust Fund Act of 1997, serves to:• Make grants to emerging conservancies and wildlife councils for the purposes of implementing and maintaining projects and programmes regarding wildlife conservation and management and rural development; • Allocate funds to conservancies, wildlife councils and protected areas, and to approved persons, organizations and institutions regarding wildlife conservation and management and rural development; • Support measures aimed at improving the relationship between people and wildlife; and • Support improvements in the monitoring, management, protection, sustainable use and development of wildlife resources in rural areas. It allocated an annual average of N$8 million to these activities during the period 2010-2013. The main sources of income for the GPTF are derived from entrance fees to national parks, ivory sales, live export head levies, hunting concessions, live game auctions, and the trophy hunting of problem animals. The Environmental Investment Fund (EIF), established under the Environmental Investment Fund Act of 2001, has been operational since 2011. Annual budgetary allocations for the EIF averaged N$18 million during the period under review. The EIF has benefitted over 10,000 people with grants financing alone, through projects that address food security and livelihood improvements, green technology and waste management and education and training in relevant academic areas of interest. The EIF is also spearheading the process of Environmental Fiscal Reform in Namibia.
(2014) Environmental Investment Fund of Namibia, Game Product Trust Fund (established in 1997)
Environmental Investment Fund (EIF), Namibia Nature Foundation, National Disaster Management Fund; EIF (pdf), (doc)

South Africa
Green Trust, Table Mountain Fund (TMF), Peace Parks Foundation, National Research Foundation, National Science Foundation, Fund for Research into Development, Growth and Equity. Fynbos Foundation
National Forest Recreation and Access Trust
(2000) Green Trust, Table Mountain Fund

Swaziland
(2000) Swaziland Environment Fund
Rural Electrification Fund

Zambia
feasibility study to develop a trust fund for the environment
Forest Revenue Fund, Forest Development Fund, Fund for Joint Forest Management

Zimbabwe
establishment of an Environment Fund

Peace Parks Foundation (Southern Africa)

Burkina Faso
National Environmental Fund, fonds d'aménagement forestier pour les aménagements, fonds de l'énergie
Fonds forestier

Cabo Verde
Energy Security Fund

Chad
Au Tchad il existe un fonds spécial en faveur de l’environnement. Ce fonds est mis sur pied par Décret n°168/PR/PM/MERH/2012 du 24 février 2012. Ce fonds est renfloué par tout individu qui paye une taxe de circulation pour son véhicule ou sa moto. Compte tenu du nombre croissant des véhicules et motocyclettes dans le pays, cette opportunité de mobilisation des ressources financières s’avère durable pour la mise en oeuvre du Plan stratégique 2011-2020.
Fonds National de lutte contre la Désertification (FND)

Guinea-Bissau
National Environment Fund, National Investment Fund (PNIA)

Mali
fond national de l'eau, fond d'entretien du réseau tertiaire (gestion paysanne), Fond climat du Mali, Fonds National pour l’Environnement

Mauritania
Trust fund for the PNBA; *Fonds National de Développement Forestier

Niger
National Fund of Environment; *Protected Areas Trust Fund

Senegal
Fond National de Développement Pétrolier (FNDP); Fond National de l’Energie (FNE); *Fonds forestier national; *National Environmental Fund

The Gambia
UTG Competitive Research Fund, Desertification and Biodiversity Trust Funds; *National Forestry Fund

Argentina
Fund for sustainable use of wildlife, Fondo para las Americas, Fondo Argentino de Carbono (FAC), Fondo Nacional de Incentivo Docente, Fondo para Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, national environmental fund

Bolivia
National Environmental Fund, Fundación para el Desarrollo del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (FUNDESNAP), Fundación “Protección y Uso Sostenible del Medio Ambiente” (Fundación PUMA), Enterprise of the Americas Fund, Fondo Nacional de Adaptación, Fondo de Fideicomiso para la Reducción de Riesgos y Atención de Desastres y Emergencias (FORADE); *FUNDESNAP (doc), (ppt); *PUMA (doc), (ppt); ; *National Fund for Forest Development (FONDOBOSQUE)

Chile
CONAMA Environmental Fund (FAC), Fund of the Americas, Competitive Fund, Agricultural Research Fund (FIA), National Fund for Technology and Production (FONTEC), Fisheries Research Fund (FIP), SAG Fund, National Fund for Regional Development (FNDR)

Paraguay
Tropical Forest Conservation Fund

Peru
National Fund for Protected Areas (FONANPE), National Environmental Fund (FONAM), Americas Fund of Peru (FONDAM), Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Pesquero, Fondo Nacional de Compensación y Desarrollo Social (FONCODES), Fondo Nacional de Vivienda (FONAVI), Fondo de promoción de microcentrales hidráulicas, Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Pesquero (FONDEPES); *Fondo de las Americas del Peru

Uruguay
Fondo de las Américas – Uruguay, Fondo de Eficiencia Energética, Fondo de prevención de los efectos de la sequía, Fondo Agropecuario de Emergencias (FAE), Fondo de Reconstrucción y Fomento de la Granja (FRFG); *Forest Fund

Brazil
Environmental Funds: Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO), National Environment Fund (FNMA), National Fund for Forest Development, National Climate Change Fund, Amazon Fund, Atlantic Forest Restoration Fund, Fund for the Defense of Collective Rights (FDD), MCT Sectoral Funds, Environmental Fund of the Federal District (FUNAM-DF), Piauí State Environment, Science and Technology, and Urban Development Fund (FEMAM-PI), Ceará State Fund for Environmental Management (FEMA), Santa Catarina Special Fund for Environmental Protection (FEPEMA-SC), Rio de Janeiro State Fund for Environmental Conservation and Urban Development (FECAM/RJ), Goiás State Environmental Fund (FEMA/GO), Campo Grande Municipal Environmental Fund (FMMA/Campo Grande/MS), Porto Velho Municipal Environmental Fund (FMMA/Porto Velho/RO), São Paulo Special Fund for the Environment and Sustainable Development (FEMA/São Paulo), Aracaju Municipal Socio-environmental Fund (FMMA/Aracaju/SE), Protected Areas Fund (FAP), Atlantic Forest Conservation Fund (AFCoF), State Foundations for Research Support (FAPs); *Atlantic Forest Fund, Brazil: A Flexible Financing Tool for Biodiversity Conservation in the State of Rio de Janeiro; *FUNBIO and private sector; *FNMA; *Reforestation fund, Carajás Forest Fund

Colombia
BioTrade Fund, Ecofondo, Natural Heritage Fund, Fund for Environmental Action and Childhood (FPAA), Colombian National Protected Areas Conservation Trust Fund; *FPAA (doc), (ppt), (Evaluation); *National Environmental Fund, Environmental Fund for the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta

Ecuador
Protected Areas Fund (PAF), National Environmental Fund, Community Forest Management Fund, Water Fund or private FONAG EcoFund, Funding for the Dry Forest Watch Colonche Chongón, Fondo Ecuatoriano para el Cambio Climático, Fondo Yasuní

Costa Rica
Trust Fund for Protected Areas, National Forestry Financing Fund, CRUSA Foundation, Foundation "Funde-cooperaci—on" for Sustainable Development, Centro Agri’cola Siquirres, Fundacio—n para el Desarrollo de la Cordillera Volco‡nica Central (FUNDECOR); *Forest Fund, National Forest Financing Fund (FONAFIFO)

El Salvador
Fund for the Americas Initiative, Fondo Ambiental de El Salvador (FONAES), Environmental Trust for Conservation Coffee Park (FICAFE)

Guatemala
National Fund for the Conservation of Nature (FONACON), Guatemalan Environment Fund (FOGUAMA), Central Fund for Sustainable Development (FOCADES), Trust for Conservation in Guatemala (Private) (FCG), National Land Fund, Sierra de Las Minas Water Fund; *Special Forest Fund; *The Sierra de Las Minas Water Fund

Honduras
Honduras Environmental Funds; *Honduran Fund for Protected Areas, Honduran Foundation for the Conservation of Nature, Fundación Hondureña de Ambiente y Desarrollo "Vida" (Fundación Vida), Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Rural Sostenible (FONADERS), Fondo Hondureño de Inversión Social (FHIS)

Mexico
Mexican Nature Conservation Fund (FMCN), National Financial Trust Fund for Biodiversity (CONABIO), Protected Natural Areas Fund, Gulf of California Conservation Fund, Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund, El Triunfo and Manantlan Conservation Fund, Support Fund for the Energy-Saving Program of the Electrical Sector (FIDE), Mexican Carbon Fund, Sectoral Fund for Environmental Research, Fund to Assist the Rural Population Affected by Climate Contingencies, Trust Fund for Energy Saving, Thermal Insulation Fund (FIPATERM), Trust Fund of Shared Risk (FIRCO), Fund for Natural Disasters (FONDEN), Mexico-U.S.A Science Foundation (FUMEC), Sectoral Funds that the National Science and Technology Council (CONACYT), Green Fund (PERGE), Fondo Nacional de Infraestructura (FONADIN), Fondo de Desastres Naturales (FONDEN), Fondo de Prevención de Desastres Naturales (FOPREDEN), Fondo para la Comunicación y la Educación Ambiental (FCEA); FMCN (pdf), (ppt); *The Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund

Nicaragua
Fondo Canadá – Nicaragua para el Manéjo del Medio Ambiente, Fondo Nacional de Inversiones (FNI), Fundación Nicaragüense para el Desarrollo Sostenible (FUNDENIC); *FONANIC

Panama
Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources, fondos marinos, Fundación Nacional de la Ciencia; *Foundation Natura

Venezuela
National Fund for National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Región Centro Occidente (FUDECO), Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Ciencia y la Tecnología (FUNDACITE), Fundación Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho (FUNDAYACUCHO), Fundación Venezolana de Investigaciones Sismológicas (FUNVISIS), Fundación de Servicios para el Agricultor (FUSAGRI)

Central American Fund for Environment and Development (FOCADES)

Central America
Belize Protected Areas Conservation Trust, Mesoamerican Reef Fund (MAR Fund); *PACT
Costa Rica Trust Fund for Protected Areas, National Forestry Financing Fund, CRUSA Foundation, Foundation "Funde-cooperaci—on" for Sustainable Development, Centro Agri’cola Siquirres, Fundacio—n para el Desarrollo de la Cordillera Volco‡nica Central (FUNDECOR); *Forest Fund, National Forest Financing Fund (FONAFIFO)
El Salvador Fund for the Americas Initiative, Fondo Ambiental de El Salvador (FONAES), Environmental Trust for Conservation Coffee Park (FICAFE)
Guatemala National Fund for the Conservation of Nature (FONACON), Guatemalan Environment Fund (FOGUAMA), Central Fund for Sustainable Development (FOCADES), Trust for Conservation in Guatemala (Private) (FCG), National Land Fund, Sierra de Las Minas Water Fund; *Special Forest Fund; *The Sierra de Las Minas Water Fund
Honduras Honduras Environmental Funds; *Honduran Fund for Protected Areas, Honduran Foundation for the Conservation of Nature, Fundación Hondureña de Ambiente y Desarrollo "Vida" (Fundación Vida), Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Rural Sostenible (FONADERS), Fondo Hondureño de Inversión Social (FHIS)
Mexico Mexican Nature Conservation Fund (FMCN), National Financial Trust Fund for Biodiversity (CONABIO), Protected Natural Areas Fund, Gulf of California Conservation Fund, Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund, El Triunfo and Manantlan Conservation Fund, Support Fund for the Energy-Saving Program of the Electrical Sector (FIDE), Mexican Carbon Fund, Sectoral Fund for Environmental Research, Fund to Assist the Rural Population Affected by Climate Contingencies, Trust Fund for Energy Saving, Thermal Insulation Fund (FIPATERM), Trust Fund of Shared Risk (FIRCO), Fund for Natural Disasters (FONDEN), Mexico-U.S.A Science Foundation (FUMEC), Sectoral Funds that the National Science and Technology Council (CONACYT), Green Fund (PERGE), Fondo Nacional de Infraestructura (FONADIN), Fondo de Desastres Naturales (FONDEN), Fondo de Prevención de Desastres Naturales (FOPREDEN), Fondo para la Comunicación y la Educación Ambiental (FCEA); FMCN (pdf), (ppt); *The Monarch Butterfly Conservation Fund
Nicaragua Fondo Canadá – Nicaragua para el Manéjo del Medio Ambiente, Fondo Nacional de Inversiones (FNI), Fundación Nicaragüense para el Desarrollo Sostenible (FUNDENIC); *FONANIC
Panama Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources, fondos marinos, Fundación Nacional de la Ciencia; *Foundation Natura
Central American Fund for Environment and Development (FOCADES)

South America
Argentina Fund for sustainable use of wildlife, Fondo para las Americas, Fondo Argentino de Carbono (FAC), Fondo Nacional de Incentivo Docente, Fondo para Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, national environmental fund
Bolivia National Environmental Fund, Fundación para el Desarrollo del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (FUNDESNAP), Fundación “Protección y Uso Sostenible del Medio Ambiente” (Fundación PUMA), Enterprise of the Americas Fund, Fondo Nacional de Adaptación, Fondo de Fideicomiso para la Reducción de Riesgos y Atención de Desastres y Emergencias (FORADE); *FUNDESNAP (doc), (ppt); *PUMA (doc), (ppt); ; *National Fund for Forest Development (FONDOBOSQUE)
Brazil Environmental Funds: Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO), National Environment Fund (FNMA), National Fund for Forest Development, National Climate Change Fund, Amazon Fund, Atlantic Forest Restoration Fund, Fund for the Defense of Collective Rights (FDD), MCT Sectoral Funds, Environmental Fund of the Federal District (FUNAM-DF), Piauí State Environment, Science and Technology, and Urban Development Fund (FEMAM-PI), Ceará State Fund for Environmental Management (FEMA), Santa Catarina Special Fund for Environmental Protection (FEPEMA-SC), Rio de Janeiro State Fund for Environmental Conservation and Urban Development (FECAM/RJ), Goiás State Environmental Fund (FEMA/GO), Campo Grande Municipal Environmental Fund (FMMA/Campo Grande/MS), Porto Velho Municipal Environmental Fund (FMMA/Porto Velho/RO), São Paulo Special Fund for the Environment and Sustainable Development (FEMA/São Paulo), Aracaju Municipal Socio-environmental Fund (FMMA/Aracaju/SE), Protected Areas Fund (FAP), Atlantic Forest Conservation Fund (AFCoF), State Foundations for Research Support (FAPs); *Atlantic Forest Fund, Brazil: A Flexible Financing Tool for Biodiversity Conservation in the State of Rio de Janeiro; *FUNBIO and private sector; *FNMA; *Reforestation fund, Carajás Forest Fund
Chile CONAMA Environmental Fund (FAC), Fund of the Americas, Competitive Fund, Agricultural Research Fund (FIA), National Fund for Technology and Production (FONTEC), Fisheries Research Fund (FIP), SAG Fund, National Fund for Regional Development (FNDR)
Colombia BioTrade Fund, Ecofondo, Natural Heritage Fund, Fund for Environmental Action and Childhood (FPAA), Colombian National Protected Areas Conservation Trust Fund; *FPAA (doc), (ppt), (Evaluation); *National Environmental Fund, Environmental Fund for the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Ecuador Protected Areas Fund (PAF), National Environmental Fund, Community Forest Management Fund, Water Fund or private FONAG EcoFund, Funding for the Dry Forest Watch Colonche Chongón, Fondo Ecuatoriano para el Cambio Climático, Fondo Yasuní
Guyana Guyana REDD+ Investment Fund, Development of a trust fund for biodiversity
Paraguay Tropical Forest Conservation Fund
Peru National Fund for Protected Areas (FONANPE), National Environmental Fund (FONAM), Americas Fund of Peru (FONDAM), Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Pesquero, Fondo Nacional de Compensación y Desarrollo Social (FONCODES), Fondo Nacional de Vivienda (FONAVI), Fondo de promoción de microcentrales hidráulicas, Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Pesquero (FONDEPES); *Fondo de las Americas del Peru
Suriname Suriname Conservation Fund (SCF), (pdf), (doc)
Uruguay Fondo de las Américas – Uruguay, Fondo de Eficiencia Energética, Fondo de prevención de los efectos de la sequía, Fondo Agropecuario de Emergencias (FAE), Fondo de Reconstrucción y Fomento de la Granja (FRFG); *Forest Fund
Venezuela National Fund for National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP), Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Región Centro Occidente (FUDECO), Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Ciencia y la Tecnología (FUNDACITE), Fundación Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho (FUNDAYACUCHO), Fundación Venezolana de Investigaciones Sismológicas (FUNVISIS), Fundación de Servicios para el Agricultor (FUSAGRI)

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  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme