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Advancing More, Better and Faster Financing for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

National financial plans

Target: "Endeavour for 100 per cent, but at least 75 per cent, of Parties provided with adequate financial resources to have prepared national financial plans for biodiversity by 2015"... Decision XI/4, paragraph 7(d)

Basis for action: "To prepare national financial plans in the context of national biodiversity strategies and action plans that can be implemented by local, national, regional and international stakeholders"...Strategy for resource mobilization, objective 2.2

Indicator:
Number of countries that have developed national financial plans for biodiversity

Middle Africa
Angola Indicativecosts2006

Cameroon NBSAP1999

Central African Republic NBSAP2000

Chad projectcosts1999

Congo projectcosting2001

DR Congo (2014) Accroissement des moyens affectés à la biodiversité: D’ici à 2020, la part du budget national alloué aux activités de conservation et d’utilisation durable de la biodiversité est augmentée graduellement pour atteindre 5%. D’ici à 2015, les ressources humaines, financières, techniques et technologiques sont mobilisées pour mettre en oeuvre la Stratégie et le Plan d’Action Nationaux de la Biodiversité (SPANB)
(2002) Total cost of NBSAP was estimated at US$189 million

Equatorial Guinea (2014)Aim for establishment of a financial plan for the implementation of the Strategy (National target 14. by 2020, at the latest, have increased funding opportunities and mobilizing resources for the implementation of the Conservation Strategy.
(2005)Financing for biodiversity in petroleum sector national programme.

Gabon NBSAP1999

Sao Tome and Principe Finance Strategies 2005

Subregion Financial Planning in Middle Africa

Northern Africa
Algeria NBSAP1997
Egypt NBSAP1998
Morocco NBSAP2004
Sudan NBSAP2000
Tunisia projectcosts1998
Subregion Financial Planning in North Africa

Western Africa
Benin Costs2002
Burkina Faso NBSAP1999
Cape Verde No1999
Cote d’Ivoire NBSAP2002

Gambia (2014) By 2020, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources should increase substantially by 35%
(1998) A vigorous funding strategy for biodiversity conservation would be developed.

Ghana NBSAP2002
Guinea NBSAP2002
Guinea-Bissau NBSAP2000
Liberia NBSAP2004
Mali NBSAP2000
Mauritania NBSAP1999
Niger NBSAP2003
Nigeria NBSAP1998
Senegal NBSAP1997
Sierra Leone NBSAP2004
Togo NBSAP2003
Subregion Financial Planning for Biodiversity in Western Africa

Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda NBSAP2001
Bahamas NBSAP1999
Barbados NBSAP2002
Cuba NBSAP2002, 2005
Dominica NBSAP2000
Dominican Republic NBSAP2012
Grenada projectconcepts2000, Grenada submission on funding needs
Haiti NBSAP2000
Jamaica NBSAP2003
Saint Kitts and Nevis NBSAP2004
Saint Lucia NBSAP2000
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NBSAP2000
Trinidad and Tobago NBSAP2006
Subregion Financial planning for biodiversity in the Caribbean

Central Asia
Kazakhstan NBSAP1999
Kyrgyz Republic NBSAP1998
Tajikistan NBSAP2003
Turkmenistan NBSAP2002
Uzbekistan NBSAP1997
Subregion Financial Planning for Biodiversity in Central Asia

Eastern Asia
China 1. Funding needs for each strategic goal
2. Financing in NBSAP1994, 2010
3. Cost and benefit analysis of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use in China 1998: estimated costs of conservation and sustainable use, full incremental costs of implementing the Convention’s obligations, as well as economic, social and ecological benefits of implementing the Convention.
4. cost of protecting pandas, invasive alien species
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Financing in NBSAP1998, 2007
Japan Financing in NBSAP2010
Mongolia Financing in NBSAP1996
Republic of Korea Financing in NBSAP1997
Subregion Financial Planning for Biodiversity in Eastern Asia

Western Asia
Armenia NBSAP1999
Azerbaijan NBSAP2006
Georgia NBSAP2005
Israel No2010
Jordan No2003
Kuwait NBSAP1998
Lebanon NBSAP1998
Oman NBSAP2001
Qatar NBSAP2004
Saudi Arabia NBSAP2005
Syria Arab Republic NBSAP2002
Turkey NBSAP2001, 2007
Yemen NBSAP2005
Subregion Financial Planning for Biodiversity in Western Asia

Eastern Europe
Belarus NBSAP1998, 2010

Bulgaria (2014) Based on the National Plan for Development (2007–2013) and the related National Strategic Referent Framework, the Operational programmes have been elaborated. Biodiversity issues have been integrated specifically in three of them: OP “Environment”, Rural Development Program and OP for development of the Fishery sector.
(1999) National Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan is a set of 96 activities to be carried out during the 1999-2003 period (five year), with the total cost of Lev 44.355 million, and Lev. 21.274 million has yet to be secured.

Czech Republic NBSAP2005

Hungary NBSAP2004

Poland 1. 2007-2013 funding needs: 281.1 million PLN 2. Funding in NBSAP2003, 2006

Republic of Moldova NBSAP2002

Romania NBSAP1996

Russian Federation NBSAP2001

Slovakia NBSAP1997

Ukraine NBSAP1997

Subregion Financial Planning for Biodiversity in Eastern Europe

Northern Europe
Denmark 1. 2009 Agreement on Green Growth - public expenses and financing sources
2. Costs of the management measures
3. NBSAP2004

Estonia State Budget Strategy 2011–2014. State Budget Strategy 2014–2017 (approved 25.04.2013) and principles for using the EU structure Funds. With regard to the nature conservation, the state budget prioritizes the protection of natural habitats and valuable landscapes and ecosystems as a whole. Protection of natural values, preservation and restoration of endangered species and habitats, management of semi-natural communities and control of alien and problematic species has to be ensured. The goal of 2014 is the preservation and improving of the status and getting a complete overview of the status of all species and habitats.
NBSAP1999

Finland NBSAP1997, 2007

Ireland NBSAP2002

Latvia NBSAP2000

Lithuania NBSAP1998

Norway (2014) National budget contains sustainability indicators, including biodiversity indicators based on the Nature Index

Sweden NBSAP1996

United Kingdom 1. NBSAP1994, 2007, 2011
2. Initial Investigation of the Actual Costs of Implementing UK Biodiversity Action Plans (2002)
3. Costings for Species and Habitat Action Plans (2003)
4. Costing Biodiversity Priorities in the UK Overseas Territories (2007)
5. Costs of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan - Update 2010
6. Capital Budgeting Decisions

Subregion Financial Planning for Biodiversity in Northern Europe

Oceania
Australia NBSAP1996, 2010

Cook Islands NBSAP2002

Fiji NBSAP2003

Kiribati NBSAP2005

Micronesia (Federated States of) NBSAP2000, Micronesia submission on funding needs

New Zealand NBSAP2000

Niue NBSAP2001

Palau NBSAP2008

Papua New Guinea NBSAP2007

Samoa NBSAP2001

Solomon Islands Resources Mobilization plan (2014-2018)
NBSAP2009

Tonga NBSAP2006

Vanuatu NBSAP1999

Regional Financial Planning for Biodiversity in Oceania

General
COMIFAC Feasibility Study on Financing Mechanisms for Conservation and Sustainable Management of Central African Forests (2002)

GEF Financing Protection of the Global Commons: The Case for a Green Planet Contribution (2000)

Green Peace We cannot afford more biodiversity loss: the urgency of protected area financing (2005)

IIED The Cost of Avoiding Deforestation Report prepared for the Stern Review of the Economics of Climate Change (2006)

IUCN Sustainable Financing of Protected Areas: A global review of challenges and options (2006)

OECD 1. Fisheries Management Costs: Concepts and Studies
2. The Costs of Inaction with Respect to Biodiversity Loss (2005)

UNDP 1. Financial Sustainability of Protected Areas in Latin America and the Caribbean: Investment Policy Guidance
2. Financial Sustainability Scorecard: for National Systems of Protected Areas, 2nd Edition, 2010
3. Workshop Report: Financing of Sustainable Forest Management (1999)
4. Financial Sustainability of Protected Areas in Latin America and the Caribbean: Investment Policy Guidance (2010)
5. Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment Linkages into Development Planning: A Handbook for Practitioners (2009)
6. International Guidebook of Environmental Finance Tools: Executive Summary (2012), Chapter 1: Objectives, Tools and Definitions , Conclusions and Recommendations, Chapter 4: Protected Areas, Chapter 5: Sustainable Agriculture, Chapter 6 – Sustainable Forestry

UNFF 1. Innovative financial mechanisms: searching for viable alternatives to secure basis for the financial sustainability of forests, San José, Costa Rica, March 29 – April 1 2005
2. Financing Sustainable Forest Management: Report of the International Workshop of Experts, 22-25 January 2001, Oslo, Norway

UNFAO International cooperation and resource mobilization for sustainable forestry development (1997)

World Bank 1. Estimating the opportunity costs of REDD+
2. Estimating the Cost of Environmental Degradation: A Training Manual (2005)

World Water Council Costing MDG Target 10 on Water Supply and Sanitation: Comparative Analysis, Obstacles and Recommendations (2006)

WWF 1. A Review of Innovative International Financial Mechanisms for Biodiversity Conservation with a Special Focus on the International Financing Of Developing Countries’ Protected Areas (2007)
2. Mapping Conservation Investments: An Assessment of Biodiversity Funding in Latin America and the Caribbean (2000)
3. Resources for Implementing the WWF Project & Programme Standards: Step 3.2 - Conservation Finance

Global Monitoring Report 2012 indicated that in broad sense, nearly 90 countries have some elements of funding strategies in their existing national biodiversity strategies, and only several countries have developed detailed, though one-time, national financial plans for biodiversity. In general, national financial plans for biodiversity are not synchronized with national budgetary cycles or with international funding processes.
A total of 148 countries received financial support of over $36.6 million from the financial mechanism of the Convention to the formulation of their national biodiversity strategies and action plans at a cost of $41.9 million in the past two decades, mostly in 1997-1998. The Global Environment Facility also developed a capacity development initiative in advancing capacity needs assessments and capacity building projects.
GEF makes available funding for 145 countries to undertake national planning processes, and about 70% of GEF-eligible countries have received financial support to revise their national biodiversity strategies and action plans (GEF2012). The Japan Biodiversity Fund executed by the Convention Secretariat supports sharing and transfer of knowledge and know-how on financial planning.

The following information digests have been compiled using the information from national reports, and will be updated appropriately for purposes of monitoring:

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme