Global Monitoring Report

When the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the Strategy for Resource Mobilization in Support of the achievement of the three objectives of the Convention in May 2008, it called for preparing periodic global monitoring reports on the implementation of the strategy for resource mobilization. The Conference of the Parties in October 2010 further decided that global monitoring reports should provide essential information on the status and trends in biodiversity financing as well as help to disseminate funding knowledge and know-how as related to biodiversity.

The Global Monitoring Report series, prepared by the Secretariat staff in collaboration with the staff of partner agencies, focuses on how the world is doing in financing the implementation of biodiversity policies and actions designed to achieve the internationally agreed biodiversity goals, targets and related outcomes. The reports are a framework for accountability in global biodiversity policy.

Global Monitoring Report 2010: Innovative Financing for Biodiversity

This pilot phase report documents the status of biodiversity finance in 2008, the latest year when data were available. It observed that the decade-long increasing trends in bilateral assistance to biodiversity were reversed in the year 2008, while the global target to reverse loss of biodiversity was not met by 2010. (Full report)

Table of Contents
Executive Summary
Chapter 1. National Resource Mobilization
National expenditure
National revenues
Government debt operations
National environmental funds
Chapter 2. The Financial Mechanism
Chapter 3. Multilateral Financial and Technical Cooperation
Multilateral environmental agreements
United Nations Development Programme
World Bank Group
Multilateral processes for mobilizing resources
Chapter 4. Bilateral Development Assistance
The story of number
Bilateral assistance landscaping
Mobilizing bilateral resources
Chapter 5. Large Non-governmental Organizations
Sources of income
Structure of spending
Resource mobilizing through non-governmental organizations
Chapter 6. Sectoral Resource Mobilization
Sectoral pattern of biodiversity funding
Sectoral resource mobilization
Chapter 7. Regional Resource Mobilization
Regional pattern of biodiversity assistance
Regional development banks
Regional comparison of national resourcing
Regional mobilization of resources
Chapter 8. Payment for ecosystem services
Conceptualizing payment for ecosystem services
Market approach to payment for ecosystem services
Chapter 9. Financing for climate change and biodiversity Funding pattern of climate change and biodiversity
Mobilizing climate resources
Chapter 10. Outlook – Back to 2020
Needs identification and determination
Bridging the knowledge divide
Mixture of resource mobilization tools
Integration strategies and funds
Access and benefit sharing instruments
Tapping venture capitals and financial market by reforming the micro-foundation
Innovation and governance

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme