National Environmental Funds

  • MEA Bulletin guest article on tapping the potential of environmental funds (5 July 2007)

    Read the MEA Bulletin, or the article

  • 2006 CBD Mandate on national and regional environmental funds

    The 2006 Conference of the Parties recommended to Parties, Governments and funding institutions, as appropriate, the promotion, and fostering of new national and regional environmental funds and strengthening/expanding such existing funds, and further to encourage knowledge transfer and exchange about these mechanisms, through the creation and/or strengthening of national and international learning networks or communities. (See decision VIII/13

  • Conservation Finance Alliance: Sustainable Finance for Conservation in Africa (Arusha, Tanzania, 3-6 April 2002)

    This conference was sponsored by the Interagency Planning Group on Environmental Funds, The Wildlife Conservation Society's Conservation Finance Program, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Tanzanian Land Conservation Trust/African Wildlife Foundation – Tanzania. Go to the website

Featured environmental funds include: Benin-CENAGREF; Botswana - Environmental Heritage Foundation of Botswana; Cameroon - CAMCOF Cameroon and FEDEC; Comoros Islands - UNDP/GEF Biodiversity Project; Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) – PCGAP Foundation; Ghana Heritage Conservation Trust; Kenya - Serengeti Trust Fund and Biodiversity Conservation Programme Fund/African Conservation Centre; Madagascar Protected Area Foundation and Tany Meva Foundation; Malawi - Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust; Mauritania - Parc National du Banc d'Arguin; Namibia - Environmental Investment Fund of Namibia, and Namibia Nature Foundation; Senegal - Warf (Frao) West African Rural Foundation (Fondation Rurale de l’Afrique de l’Ouest; Seychelles Islands Foundation (SIF), South Africa - Green Trust (WWF-SA), Peace Parks Foundation, Southern African Conservation Education Trust, Table Mountain Fund; Tanzania - Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Fund, Seashores of Eastern Africa (SEA) Trust, Tanzania Land Conservation Trust; Uganda - Mgahinga-Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Conservation Trust, Environmental Conservation Trust of Uganda (EcoTrust); Zimbabwe - CAMPFIRE Association.

  • The Interagency Planning Group on Environmental Funds

    • A preliminary assessment of the current situation and capacity building needs of environmental funds in Africa, see the 2000 report. The report contains profiles of the following funds: Cameroon - National Environment Foundation; Côte d’Ivoire - Foundation for the Financing of Protected Areas; Ghana - Ghana Heritage Conservation Trust; Madagascar - Tany Meva – Malagasy Environment Foundation; Malawi - Malawi Environmental Endowment Trust, Mulanje Mountain Conservation Trust; Namibia - Environmental Investment Fund; Namibia - Namibia Nature Foundation; Seychelles - Seychelles Island Foundation; South Africa - Green Trust, Table Mountain Fund; Southern Africa - Peace Parks Foundation; Swaziland - Swaziland Environment Fund; Uganda - Environmental Conservation Trust; Uganda - Mgahinga and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Conservation Trust; West Africa - West Africa Rural Foundation
    • 2000 IPG Handbook on Environmental Funds - A Resource Book for the Design and Operation of Environmental Funds. Read the handbook

The Sourcebook features the following funds: Belarus - The Republican and Regional/Local Environmental Funds; Bulgaria - The National Environmental Protection Fund, and the National Trust Ecofund; Czech Republic - The State Environment Fund; Estonia - The Environmental Fund; Hungary - The Central Environmental Protection Fund; Kazakhstan - The National Environmental Protection Fund; Kyrgyzstan - Republican and Local Environmental Funds; Latvia - The Environmental Investment Fund; Lithuania - The Environmental Investment Fund; Moldova - The National and Local Environmental Funds; Poland - The National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management, the Ecofund, and the Cracow Provincial Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management; Russia - The Federal Environmental Fund, the National Pollution Abatement Facility, and the Novgorod Regional Environmental Fund; Slovakia - The State Environmental Fund; Slovenia - The Environmental Development Fund; Ukraine - The State Environmental Protection Fund; Uzbekistan - Republican and Sub-National Environmental Protection Funds

OECD performance reviews of national environmental funds are available on Czech Republic (1999), Estonia (1998), Kazakhstan (2000), Moldova (2002), Poland (1998), Slovenia (2000), and Ukraine (2001).

  • 1998 GEF Evaluation of Experience with Conservation Trust Funds

    This evaluation was carried out by the GEF Evaluation Team. Read the full report

  • First Asia-Pacific Forum on Environmental Funds (Cebu, Philippines, 16-21 February 1997)

  • 1995 World Bank study on trust funds for biodiversity conservation

    This study identified issues and options in the design of GEF supported trust funds, see the full paper

Other funds include: Belize - Protected Areas Conservation Trust (PACT); Colombia – Ecofondo; Dominican Republic - Fondo Integrado Pro Naturaleza (Pronatura); Guatemala - Fideicomiso para la Conservacion en Guatemala (FCG); Honduras - Fundacion VIDA; Indonesia - Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation (IBF); Jamaica - Environmental Foundation of Jamaica (EJF) and National Park Trust Fund; Mexico - Fondo Mexicano Para la Conservacion de la Naturaleza; Panama - Fundacion Natura; Papua New Guinea - National Conservation Trust Fund; Philippines - Foundation for the Philippine Environment, Inc.; Sri Lanka - Wildlife Trust of Sri Lanka

  • 1995 St Petersburg Guidelines on Environmental Funds in the Transition to a Market Economy

    The guidelines were developed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Read the document

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme