Payment for Ecosystem Services

  • Event on Developing International Payments for Ecosystem Services (IPES): Avoided Deforestation (Paris, 11 July 2007)

    This event discussed the latest progress on scaling up PES with a focus on payments for avoided deforestation, based on a joint UNEP-IUCN initiative in close collaboration with the CBD Secretariat.

  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

    • Its economics program works on international payments for ecosystem services, Go to the website
    • Developing International Payments for Ecosystem Services (IPES) – Greening the World Economy, a joint IUCN-UNEP initiative (Read the brochure)

  • World Bank – Payments for Environmental Services

    The Bank’s work on payments for environmental services (PES) is designed to share conceptual and empirical information on systems of payments for environmental services. Information is available on the design of a system of payments for environmental services and featuring projects in Costa Rica, Colombia, South Africa, El Salvador, Mexico, Venezuela, Panama, and Kenya. Read more

  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

    • The State of Food and Agriculture 2007 – Paying Farmers for Environmental Services, featuring examples including Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Nepal, Nicaragua, Philippines, South Africa, USA, available at: or read the report
    • Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission, Payment for Environmental Services, Secretariat Note APFC/2006/6, Twenty-First Session, Dehradun, India, 17-21 April 2006. Read the note
    • Regional Forum for Payment Schemes for Environmental Services in Watersheds, June 2003, Arequipa, Peru. Read the report or visit the website: (in Spanish), featuring experiences of Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and Peru.

  • International Institute for Environment and Development (website)

    IIED’s global review of markets for forest environmental services was carried out between February 2000 and July 2001. The result was published as “Silver Bullet or Fools’ Gold: A global review of markets for forest environmental services and their impact on the poor” (website or read the report) and case studies

  • Poverty and Environment Partnership (PEP) network (website)

    A report of Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) summarizes the main findings of a review of experiences, and identifies four main options for development assistance in support of pro-poor payments for ecosystem services. Read the report.

  • World Wildlife Fund Macroeconomics: Payment for Ecosystem Services Program (website)

    • February 2007 Latin American workshop on WWF payment for environmental services experiences and projects, Read the proceedings
    • Private Sector - NGO Forum to Promote Ecosystem Services and Payments for Ecosystem Services, 13-14 November 2006 in Vienna, Austria, Read the proceedings
    • From good-will to payments for environmental services - A survey of financing alternatives for sustainable natural resource management, December 2003, Read the paper
    • Ecosystem Services and Payments for Ecosystem Services: Why should businesses care?, Read the brochure

  • Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Payment for Ecosystem Service (website)

  • World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) (website)

    • Rewarding the Upland Poor in Asia for Environmental Services They Provide – RUPES Program, go to the website
    • Asia regional workshop on compensation for ecosystem services: a component of the global scoping study on compensation of ecosystem service, 2006, India, Read the report

  • The Katoomba’s Group (website)

    Its Ecosystem Marketplace seeks to become the world's leading source of information on markets and payment schemes for ecosystem services; services such as water quality, carbon sequestration and biodiversity.

  • International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) (website)

  • World Resources Institute (website)

    The Mainstreaming Ecosystem Services Initiative seeks to reduce ecosystem degradation by advancing ecosystem service-based strategies, policies, and markets.

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme