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News Headlines
#133492
2022-02-24

Releasing a virus against rabbits is effective, but can make them immune if let loose at the wrong time

Rabbits are an enormous problem for Australian ecosystems—they're a major threat to 322 species of plants and animals already at risk of extinction. This is more than double the number of species threatened by cats and foxes.

News Headlines
#133493
2022-02-24

Feeling connected to nature linked to lower risk of snake and spider phobias

A study of over a thousand people in Hungary has found for the first time that people who feel more connected to nature are less likely to be affected by snake and spider fears or phobias. The research is published in British Ecological Society journal, People and Nature.

News Headlines
#133496
2022-02-24

Before and after: These incredible photos show Greece's coast is disappearing

The blazing sun, the spectacular beaches, the Mediterranean lifestyle and the gorgeous food. For these reasons and many more, millions of people travel to Greece every year.

News Headlines
#133497
2022-02-24

Why Methane Is a Large and Underestimated Threat to Climate Goals

Scientists say climate negotiators have misjudged the effects of rising methane emissions and warn the potent greenhouse gas could imperil hopes of meeting mid-century climate targets. The key, they say, is to focus on cutting those emissions and their big short-term impact.

News Headlines
#133498
2022-02-24

Beatles, Butterflies Population Thriving While Some Insects Decline in Numbers

Insects have been studied in over 900 locations throughout the world in a new meta-study that examines long-term data. The observed changes in the number of a group of insects in the same location reveal relatively little about other insect species.

News Headlines
#133499
2022-02-24

What bird beaks say about tropical biodiversity

Areas of the globe where fruit-eating birds have wider beaks also have larger palm fruits, a new study shows. This sounds banal, but it provides new insights into tropical biodiversity and clues for solving species conservation, forest restoration and animal reintroduction challenges.

News Headlines
#133500
2022-02-24

Ridgecrest shows how earthquakes damage Earth's crust

In July 2019, a series of earthquakes including two major shocks of magnitude 6.4 and 7.1 a day apart struck near Ridgecrest, CA, between Los Angeles and Las Vegas. For local residents, it was a violent interruption to the Fourth of July holiday. For seismologists, it was a rare opportunity to s ...

News Headlines
#133501
2022-02-24

New empirical study corrects previously published estimates of harvested European forest area

In July 2020 Nature published some surprising results showing an abrupt increase in harvested forest area in Europe, especially in the Nordic countries. A new study provides empirical insights into where the Nature study went wrong.

News Headlines
#133502
2022-02-24

Climate change solutions inspired by nature

A promising strategy to strengthen climate resilience is through NBSs (nature-based solutions). Inspired by nature, NBSs tackle challenges caused by climate change while also providing environmental, social and economic benefits through the protection, sustainable management and restoration of e ...

News Headlines
#133503
2022-02-24

Environmental DNA analysis to manage fecal contamination

"Who's peeing in the water?" Unlikely as it may seem, there is a great deal of science behind this question. Determining the source of fecal contamination—an important public health issue—requires years of research.

News Headlines
#133504
2022-02-24

Swiss rivers on track to overheat by the end of the century

According to an EPFL study, if we take immediate measures to reduce CO2 emissions, we could limit the rise in the temperature of Swiss rivers to 1 degree Celsius between now and 2090 without drastically affecting their discharge.

News Headlines
#133505
2022-02-24

The secret of mycorrhizal fungi

Fungi, specifically those that are "mycorrhizal," are natural allies of the forest because they improve tree nutrient acquisition. But which of the mycorrhizal feeding strategies yields the greatest tree diversity in a forest: strategy A (ectomycorrhiza) or strategy B (arbuscular mycorrhiza)?

News Headlines
#133506
2022-02-24

Genomic regulatory map of the zebrafish

Zebrafish and humans look very different on the outside. Yet about 70 percent of their genes are similar to human genes—including many that can trigger diseases. That makes the animal a popular model organism.

News Headlines
#133507
2022-02-24

Drones used to identify pregnant dolphins

Researchers have found a way to remotely determine if protected female bottlenose dolphins are expecting a calf using aerial photos taken from drones.

News Headlines
#133508
2022-02-24

Ancient DNA helps reveal the social changes in Africa 50,000 years ago that shaped the human story

Every person alive on the planet today is descended from people who lived as hunter-gatherers in Africa.

News Headlines
#133509
2022-02-24

Body measurements for all 11,000 bird species released in open-access database

A new database called AVONET contains measurements of more than 90,000 individual birds, allowing researchers to test theories and aid conservation.

News Headlines
#133510
2022-02-24

Facial asymmetry in mountain gorillas likely tied to inbreeding

A large international team of researchers has found a possible connection between facial asymmetry in mountain gorillas and inbreeding. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the group describes comparing the facial features of gorilla groups to learn about the nature of ...

News Headlines
#133511
2022-02-24

Sea vegetables are the future of farming

Seaweed salad has never appealed to me. I was incredibly skeptical when I first read that kelp is the new kale. How could a slimy saltwater plant replace the curly crowd-pleaser that foodies take home from farmers markets in bagfuls?

News Headlines
#133512
2022-02-24

Mosquitoes might be attracted to certain colors

There's no question that finding yourself covered in mosquito bites quickly takes the shine off a pleasant summer evening. But mosquitoes are more than a nuisance. They're also the deadliest creatures on Earth, owing to the diseases they spread.

News Headlines
#133513
2022-02-24

Global cropland could be almost halved by increasing agricultural productivity

With rising global demand for agricultural commodities for use as food, feed, and bioenergy, pressure on land is increasing. At the same time, land is an important resource for tackling the principal challenges of the 21st century—the loss of biodiversity and global climate change.

News Headlines
#133514
2022-02-24

Climate change: effect on forests could last millennia, ancient ruins suggest

Forests are home to 80% of land-based biodiversity, but these arks of life are under threat. The rising average global temperature is forcing tiny plants like sidebells wintergreen on the forest floor (known as the understory) to shift upslope in search of cooler climes.

News Headlines
#133515
2022-02-24

Climate change's encroaching toll

Climate change can seem far away from our daily lives. But behind headlines about melting ice sheets, devastating droughts and the collision of wildlife and agriculture are ordinary people.

News Headlines
#133516
2022-02-24

Q&A: Can the World Change Course on Climate?

In this ongoing series on climate issues, MIT faculty, students, and alumni in the humanistic fields share perspectives that are significant for solving climate change and mitigating its myriad social and ecological impacts. Nazli Choucri is a professor of political science and an expert on clim ...

News Headlines
#133517
2022-02-24

Is there something to learn from Barbados?

Countries around the world are attempting to restart economic activities as covid19 is becoming more manageable. In the Caribbean, tourism, the region’s main economic driver is on the uptick as many visitors, especially from North America and Europe, are starting to travel.

News Headlines
#133518
2022-02-24

Indigenous and Western forest education find harmony at the Wildwood ecoforest

What happens when you bring together Indigenous wisdom and Western science from the forest? Maybe, something like magic. That’s what educators are learning at the Wildwood ecoforest, on Stz’uminus and Snuneymuxw territory.

News Headlines
#133519
2022-02-24

Plastic treaty would be historic for planet: UNEP chief

The world has a rare opportunity to clean up the planet for future generations by uniting behind an ambitious treaty to tackle plastic trash, the UN environment chief told AFP.

News Headlines
#133555
2022-02-25

What is the IPCC climate change report – and what does it say?

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is made up of the world’s leading climate scientists, charged with publishing regular comprehensive updates of global knowledge on the climate crisis, intended to inform government policymaking. Each “assessment report” takes about five to seven year ...

News Headlines
#133520
2022-02-25

Natural England chair backs ‘biodiversity net gain’ plan to boost wild areas

Demand for nature is exceeding supply but new wildlife areas can be created by regulations to ensure housing estates bring about “biodiversity net gain”, according to the chair of England’s nature watchdog.

News Headlines
#133521
2022-02-25

PFAS pollution led to contamination of US drinking water wells, study finds

Pollution by toxic PFAS “forever chemicals” in America’s aquifer system has led to widespread contamination of private and public drinking water wells, data from a new study by the US Geological Survey finds.

News Headlines
#133522
2022-02-25

The week in wildlife – in pictures

The best of this week’s wildlife pictures, including firefall, rock goats and a pack of grey wolves

News Headlines
#133523
2022-02-25

Guest post: How to model society’s response to climate change

How ambitious climate policy will be in the future is key to understanding the scale of climate change impacts we can expect. Yet, the question of how society responds to climate change is not well represented in climate and energy models.

News Headlines
#133524
2022-02-25

Alaska worries for its salmon run as climate change warms Arctic waters

With marine heat waves helping to wipe out some of Alaska’s storied salmon runs in recent years, officials have resorted to sending emergency food shipments to affected communities while scientists warn that the industry’s days of traditional harvests may be numbered.

News Headlines
#133525
2022-02-25

The Macaque Monkeys of Mauritius: An Invasive Alien Species, a Major Export for Research

Macaque monkeys live as both captive and wild animals on the island of Mauritius. The wild population number is estimated at between 25,000 and 35,000 animals, it’s uncertain how many exist in captivity, but the figure is in the tens of thousands.

News Headlines
#133526
2022-02-25

Choosing the right trees for a changing climate

In urban environments, trees are threatened by heatwaves and lack of rain, both predicted to increase in coming decades. Towns and cities are often home to a great diversity of trees, including those with a high tolerance of climate extremes, but species' selection criteria and climate-risk asse ...

News Headlines
#133527
2022-02-25

How do two of the world's biggest carbon emitters join hands to fight climate change

Climate cooperation between China and the U.S. over the next decade is one of the areas in which the two countries have been working together, a promising development since they are two of the world's largest emitters of greenhouse gases.

News Headlines
#133528
2022-02-25

Lessons on climate grief from the people of the sea ice

These "people of the sea ice" have endured years of dramatic warming that is ravaging their beloved landscape at the edge of the Arctic, forcing them to reimagine a way of life that goes back centuries.

News Headlines
#133529
2022-02-25

How Climate Change Affects Our Brains

When I was a little girl, my favorite thing to do was to listen to my grandmother’s stories. During mealtimes, we would all sit at the dining table, and I would beg my grandmother to tell me memories from her childhood in Istanbul, Turkey, where I was born and raised.

News Headlines
#133530
2022-02-25

Biodiversity: 30 years of the Natura 2000 network of protected areas and the LIFE programme

To mark 30 years of the Natura 2000 network and the LIFE programme, a Ministerial Conference is taking place at the European Parliament in Strasbourg today, co-organised by the French Presidency of the European Union and the European Commission. EU Ministers and Commissioner for the Environment, ...

News Headlines
#133531
2022-02-25

Refuge of endangered ‘African unicorn’ threatened by mining, poaching, deforestation

Perched in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) near the borders of Uganda and South Sudan, Okapi Wildlife Reserve quietly encompasses some 14,000 square kilometers (5,405 square miles) of rainforest habitat.

News Headlines
#133532
2022-02-25

Pay or punish? Study looks at how to engage with farmers deforesting the Cerrado

During last year’s COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, more than 140 countries committed to halting and reversing deforestation by 2030. The Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use recognized the critical role of all forest types for biodiversity, sustainable land use, and mitigating a ...

News Headlines
#133533
2022-02-25

Environmental impact of hand-sanitizing practices during the COVID-19 pandemic

The use of hand sanitizing gels and increased hand-washing practices throughout the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the environment and—by extension—public health.

News Headlines
#133534
2022-02-25

Satellite-derived salinity improves Arctic marine circulation prediction

Researchers at the Barcelona Expert Center (BEC) of the Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC) have proved that satellite-derived salinity improves marine circulation prediction in the Arctic, which, as in the rest of the planet, is directly influenced by this and other parameters such as tempe ...

News Headlines
#133535
2022-02-25

Discovery of ancient underwater landslide could help Middle Eastern nations realize tsunami hazards

An earth scientist from the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science discovered evidence of an ancient underwater landslide and associated tsunami in the Gulf of Aqaba, a subsidiary of the Red Sea, that should serve as a warning for many nations in the Middle East.

News Headlines
#133536
2022-02-25

Hidden weaknesses within volcanoes may cause their collapse

Lava domes form at the top of many volcanoes when viscous lava erupts. When they become unstable, they can collapse and cause a hazard. An international team of researchers has analyzed summit dome instabilities at the Merapi Volcano, Indonesia.

News Headlines
#133537
2022-02-25

Scientists share final findings from Tonawanda Coke Soil Study

Scientists from the Tonawanda Coke Soil Study hosted a community meeting on Feb. 24 to share the final results of the research with the public.

News Headlines
#133538
2022-02-25

Listening to everything: How sound reveals an unseen world

Vision is often regarded as first among the human senses, as our eyes are the way most of us come to know the world. However, vision has its limits.

News Headlines
#133539
2022-02-25

Machine learning helps identify climatic thresholds that shape the distribution of natural vegetation

Changing climate brings more frequent and more intense climatic extreme events. It is unclear, however, exactly how climate extremes will affect vegetation distribution in the future. This is an acute question for research in order to be able to mitigate coming extremities and their impact on ve ...

News Headlines
#133540
2022-02-25

World's top banks show minimal clear commitments to shift financing away from fossil fuels, finds revelational study

Big banking is saying little on how they will combat climate change through their financing, shows a new study which finds minimal, clear commitments to aid financing away from fossil fuels.

News Headlines
#133541
2022-02-25

UN Climate Report: How vulnerable are we, and how can we adapt?

How vulnerable is humanity in the face of climate change? And how have people around the world already been impacted? These are some of the questions to be answered on 28 February by the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Two researchers from Lund University participated in the fina ...

News Headlines
#133542
2022-02-25

What brain-eating amoebae can tell us about the diversity of life on earth and evolutionary history

An international team of researchers, led by the University of Massachusetts Amherst, recently announced in the journal Current Biology that an amoeba called Naegleria has evolved more distinct sets of tubulins, used for specific cellular processes, than previously thought.

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