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Arctic Wildlife Are Shifting Their Behaviors Due to Climate Change

The Arctic is warming twice as fast as anywhere else on Earth. Across the region's 5.5 million square miles of land and ocean, wildlife species—like caribou, golden eagles, grizzly bears and whales—are adjusting their behavior to cope with the effects brought on by climate change.

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Arctic tundra emits more methane during autumn freeze than spring thaw

Arctic tundra, a unique ecosystem characterized by permafrost, contributes to approximately 45% of all Arctic methane sources and therefore plays an important role in global carbon cycle. Arctic region is warming faster than other global regions over the last century. Warmer temperature accelera ...

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In the Arctic, 'everything is changing,' massive animal tracking study finds

Animals across the Arctic are changing where and when they breed, migrate and forage in response to climate change, says a new study unveiling the massive scale of the change. The changes mean humans in the Arctic may have to adapt and adjust everything from hunting seasons to conservation to la ...

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Largest hole in ozone layer above Arctic closes: How it happened and what it means

The polar vortex led to the concentration of excessive ozone-depleting substances that combined with the extreme cold leading to the creation of this large hole in the Ozone layer over the North Pole.

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Arctic wildlife uses extreme method to save energy

Researchers from Lund University and the University of Tromsø have examined the immune system strength of the Svalbard rock ptarmigan in the Arctic. This bird lives the farthest up in the Arctic of any land bird, and the researchers have investigated how the immune response varies between winter ...

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North Pole soon to be ice free in summer

The Arctic Ocean in summer will very likely be ice free before 2050, at least temporarily. The efficacy of climate-protection measures will determine how often and for how long. These are the results of a new research study involving 21 research institutes from around the world, coordinated by D ...

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Arctic research expedition likely faces extreme conditions in fast-changing Arctic

In October 2019, scientists trapped a ship filled with equipment in Arctic sea ice with the intention of drifting around the Arctic Ocean for a full year, gathering data on the polar regions and sea ice floes. However, a new study indicates there is a chance the expedition may melt out months be ...

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How Will Climate Change Affect Arctic Stream Slime?

Rising temperatures and thawing permafrost will change nutrient concentrations in Arctic waterways, which will influence the growth of biogeochemically important biofilms.

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Coronavirus Halts Arctic Climate Change Research

Every year 150 climate scientists fly far into the wilderness and bore deep into Greenland's largest glacier. Their work is complicated and important. The EastGRIP project is trying to understand how ice streams underneath the glacier are pushing vast amounts of ice into the ocean, and how this ...

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Arctic climate change – it’s recent carbon emissions we should fear, not ancient methane ‘time bombs’

The Arctic is predicted to warm faster than anywhere else in the world this century, perhaps by as much as 7°C. These rising temperatures threaten one of the largest long-term stores of carbon on land: permafrost.

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Builder aims to help UK construction industry kick its plastic habit

A builder from Merseyside has launched a project that aims to remove plastic from the British construction industry within two decades.Neal Maxwell, who has worked in the trade for more than 30 years, co-founded the non-profit organisation Changing Streams after a trip to the Arctic

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Seafloor of Fram Strait is a sink for microplastic from Arctic and North Atlantic Ocean

Working in the Arctic Fram Strait, scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) have found microplastic throughout the water column with particularly high concentrations at the ocean floor. Using model-based simulations, they have also found ...

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Hidden source of carbon found at the Arctic coast

A previously unknown significant source of carbon just discovered in the Arctic has scientists marveling at a once overlooked contributor to local coastal ecosystems—and concerned about what it may mean in an era of climate change.

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Climate change: study finds reindeer, bison and horses could help reduce methane emissions in Arctic

Reindeer, bison and horses could play a key role in tackling climate change, locking greenhouse gases into Arctic permafrost by packing down the snow with their hooves, a new study finds.

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How horses can save the permafrost

Permafrost soils in the Arctic are thawing. As they do, large, additional quantities of greenhouse gases could be released, accelerating climate change. In Russia, experiments are now being conducted in which herds of horses, bison and reindeer are being used to combat this effect.

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Backing up crop biodiversity collections

The International Potato Center (CIP) recently joined 34 other organizations across the globe in depositing more than 60,000 seeds in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, a biodiversity bunker in a mountainside of an Arctic island in Norway.

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Scientists document striking changes in Pacific Arctic ecosystems

Pacific Arctic ecosystems are undergoing dramatic changes because of warmer ocean water, a multidisciplinary team of scientists reported in the journal Nature Climate Change.

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Arctic 'doomsday vault' stocks up on more food seeds

An Arctic "doomsday vault" is set Tuesday to receive 60,000 samples of seeds from around the world as the biggest global crop reserve stocks up for a global catastrophe.

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Africa: Big International Gathering Will Home in On Migratory Species

From whale sharks to Monarch butterflies, many animals are hardwired to migrate along set routes in search of food or a breeding area--and in some cases they've been doing this for tens of millions of years. The Arctic tern migrates the longest distances of any animal, flying over 25,000 km each ...

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Climate Change Is Moving Russia's Taiga North, Scientists Warn

The Taiga forests of Siberia have expanded north toward the Arctic as a result of warming temperatures over the past four decades, a team of Russian and Finnish scientists has said.

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International Scientists on Red Alert As Arctic Grows Greener

New research techniques are being adopted by scientists tackling the most visible impact of climate change — the so-called greening of Arctic regions.

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Closing the Ozone Hole Helped Slow Arctic Warming

The international treaty that saved the Earth’s ozone layer is often considered one of the most successful environmental efforts in history. Now there’s evidence it did more than just preserve a critical shield for the planet.

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Cracks in Arctic sea ice turn low clouds on and off

The prevailing view has been that more leads are associated with more low-level clouds during winter. But University of Utah atmospheric scientists noticed something strange in their study of these leads: when lead occurrence was greater, there were fewer, not more clouds.

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Student researchers make dismaying microplastics find in the Arctic Ocean

Aboard the Icebreaker Oden, a Swedish vessel on an Artic expedition, a multidisciplinary group of scientists, filmmakers and students, including three City College of New York undergraduates, made a dismaying discovery in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. "Microplastics, a lot of them," said Krys ...

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The race to lay claim on the Bering Strait as Arctic ice retreats

I could not keep my eyes off the graves, could not stop staring at them even as I walked away, turning repeatedly to look over my shoulder at them as I slogged my way across the gravel-strewn shore of Beechey Island until they disappeared from view.

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Scientists plan year locked in ice to unlock Arctic climate change data

More than 300 scientists from 19 nations are engaged in planned two- to three-month stints locked in polar ice on the German icebreaker RV Polarstern. Over the winter, researchers face constant darkness, frigid temperatures plunging to -45 degrees Celsius, and the threat of hungry polar bears ne ...

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You Don’t Live In The Arctic But Climate Change There Affects You Too - Here Are 3 Reasons

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Arctic Report Card came out this week, and its messages are dire. However, one of my concerns about scientific reports like this is that they often fail to “connect the dots” for an average person living in Canton, Georgia or Laurel, Mar ...

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Why is an ocean current critical to world weather losing steam? Scientists search the Arctic for answers.

Summer sea ice has been shrinking so dramatically here in the Fram Strait, high in the Arctic between Norway and Greenland, that researchers who make this trip annually point out missing patches like memories of departed friends.

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The ‘doomsday’ vault that protects the world’s biodiversity is expanding

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a haunting symbol in a warming world. It’s a concrete bank planted deep in the permafrost of Svalbard—a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean—where it protects 986,243 seed species at a permanent zero degrees Fahrenheit. So even if we destroy ourselves and ...

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Arctic Ocean could be ice-free for part of the year as soon as 2044

It's hard to imagine the Arctic without sea ice.But according to a new study by UCLA climate scientists, human-caused climate change is on track to make the Arctic Ocean functionally ice-free for part of each year starting sometime between 2044 and 2067.

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Polar bears cling onto melting ice as experts warn of extinction threat

Exhausted polar bears are on the brink of starvation as the ice they depend on for survival continues to melt. Worrying images show the Kings of the Arctic stranded on the western shore of Hudson Bay in Canada.

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The ‘doomsday’ vault that protects the world’s biodiversity is expanding

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a haunting symbol in a warming world. It’s a concrete bank planted deep in the permafrost of Svalbard—a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean—where it protects 986,243 seed species at a permanent zero degrees Fahrenheit. So even if we destroy ourselves and ...

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Climate change: Sea ice loss linked to spread of deadly virus

The decline in sea ice seen in the Arctic in recent decades has been linked by scientists to the spread of a deadly virus in marine mammals. Researchers found that Phocine distemper virus (PDV) had spread from animals in the North Atlantic to populations in the North Pacific.

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A fortress of ice and snow

After only a few days of searching, experts from the MOSAiC expedition have now found a suitable ice floe where they will set up the research camp for their one-year-long drift through the Arctic Ocean.

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What climate change in the Arctic means for the rest of us

The Arctic, a summer of heat, melting and fire was rounded off by news that 2019 saw the second-lowest ever minimum extent of sea ice. That’s the point in early autumn each year when scientists say that the Arctic Ocean will begin to freeze again. By that measure, only 2012 had less sea ice than ...

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The tiny algae at ground zero of Greenland's melting glaciers

Greenland’s ice melt has been adopted by the world as a bellwether for climate crisis, but the impact on biodiversity has been overlooked. At an ice station on a remote Arctic glacier, scientists are looking to the smallest of life forms to predict the pace of species extinction

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2019 in line for second lowest Arctic sea ice extent record

Arctic sea ice volume plunged to new lows last month with a July average of just 8,800 cubic kilometers (2,111 cubic miles) of ice remaining atop the Arctic Ocean.

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Why science needs the humanities to solve climate change

Large wildfires in the Arctic and intense heat waves in Europe are just the latest evidence that climate change is becoming the defining event of our time.

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Pristine Arctic reserves will benefit wildlife and Inuit communities

Canada's newest marine protected area is expected to be a refuge for wildlife as other parts of the Arctic face instability.

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Starvation deaths of 200 reindeer in Arctic caused by climate crisis, say researchers

Comparable death toll has been recorded only once before, says Norwegian Polar Institute

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Arctic wildfires continue to burn, releasing record amounts of CO2

July 25 (UPI) -- Wildfires are raging across the Arctic as warm, dry conditions persist across the region. Satellite images have revealed wildfires burning in Alaska, Greenland and throughout Siberia.

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As planet warms, Arctic lakes, rivers will lose their biodiversity

May 22 (UPI) -- As Earth's temperatures continue to rise, freshwater ecosystems in the Arctic are becoming unusually warm -- too warm for many native species.

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Underwater Arctic forests are expanding with rapid warming

Lush underwater forests of large brown seaweeds (kelps) are particularly striking in the Arctic, especially in contrast to the land where ice scour (scraping of sea ice against the sea floor) and harsh climates leave the ground barren with little vegetation.

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Defending the defenders: tropical forests in the front line

“Climate change is hitting hardest those who have done least to cause it, especially the world’s indigenous peoples from the Arctic to the tropics,” said renowned actor and activist Alec Baldwin speaking at the 18th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues in New York o ...

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U.S. blocking reference to climate change in Arctic conference statement amounts to a ‘moral failure’ says ICC president

The head of the Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) has condemned the United States for blocking any reference to climate change at the end of a conference on the Arctic Tuesday.

News Headlines

Permafrost collapse is accelerating carbon release

This much is clear: the Arctic is warming fast, and frozen soils are starting to thaw, often for the first time in thousands of years. But how this happens is as murky as the mud that oozes from permafrost when ice melts.

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The Ice Nurseries of the Arctic Are Melting

Ice formed in coastal nurseries along Russia’s Arctic coast is melting before it can float far offshore. Scientists are worried about what that means for wildlife.

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Glaciers and arctic ice are vanishing. Time to get radical before it's too late

Forget “early warning signs” and “canaries in coal mines” – we’re now well into the middle of the climate change era, with its epic reshaping of our home planet. Monday’s news, from two separate studies, made it clear that the frozen portions of the earth are now in violent and dramatic flux.

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When the extreme becomes the norm for Arctic animals

Think of reindeer on Norway's Svalbard archipelago as the arctic equivalent of sloths. It's not a perfect analogy, except that like tropical sloths, Svalbard reindeer move as little as possible to conserve energy.

News Headlines

Air temperatures in the Arctic are driving system change

A new paper shows that air temperature is the "smoking gun" behind climate change in the Arctic, according to John Walsh, chief scientist for the UAF International Arctic Research Center.

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