A focus on valuing nature through the lens of the market has contributed to the global biodiversity crisis, according to a recent report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).
They are hunters, farmers, harvesters, gliders, herders, weavers and carpenters. They are ants and they make up a large part of our world, including more 10 000 species and a large part of the animal biomass in most terrestrial ecosystems.
E. O. Wilson once referred to invertebrates as “the little things that run the world,” without whom “the human species [wouldn’t] last more than a few months.”
If you want to find the name of a good steakhouse in the town you are visiting, you would pull up Google Maps. If you want to find the name of the closet relative of red fox, you would pull up LifeGate. At least, that’s how creator Martin Freiberg sees it.
Supplant breaks down typically wasted sugarcane fiber into its signature product, Sugars from Fiber — an entirely new category of sugars that perform like sugar in the kitchen while retaining the nutritional properties of fiber, and mitigating the impacts of one of the world’s most environmental ...
Over the past 60 years, the global forest area has declined by 81.7 million hectares, a loss that contributed to the more than 60% decline in global forest area per capita.
Time is running out, say researchers who are proposing a framework to guide the safe use of microbes to restore global biodiversity loss.
Aerosol particles in the atmosphere have a bigger impact on cloud cover—but less effect on cloud brightness—than previously thought, new research shows.
Over the past 60 years, the global forest area has declined by 81.7 million hectares, a loss that contributed to the more than 60% decline in global forest area per capita.
The words "blue economy" will soon shape the future of Canada's oceans, from the fiords and straits of British Columbia to the rugged coastlines of the Atlantic to the vast seascapes of the Arctic.
Research published in Global and Planetary Change examines the trends and projected frequency, intensity and duration of marine heatwaves (MHWs). A MHW is a 'discrete, prolonged anomalously warm water event' lasting five or more days, with temperatures warmer than the 90th percentile relative to ...
Extreme events such as the "North China Super Sandstorms" in March 2021 have significant impacts on human life, socio-economics and agricultural production. In addition to local meteorological conditions, sea surface temperature (SST) variability in different ocean basins also contributes to san ...
Rice researchers set up a Microsoft HoloLens as a mixed-reality sensor to feed VegSense, their application to measure understory vegetation, plant life that grows between the forest canopy and floor.
The top side of the Kallima butterfly's wings are brightly colored, featuring vibrant bands of deep blue, black, and orange. But when this butterfly flaps its wings, the undersides reveal a sharp contrast—they are shades of dull brown that perfectly mimic a dead leaf, camouflaging the butterflie ...
Since the 1800s, scientists have noted configuration of centromeres, a special chromosomal region that is vital for cell division, in the nucleus.
But is it the type of bean, the way it is grown—or the way it is processed that makes the most of every last drop of coffee? Researchers recently published a paper about this question in Agrosystems, Geosciences and Environment journal. The journal is a publication of the American Society of Agr ...
A research team led by Prof. Ling Hongqing from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology (IGDB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), together with collaborators from Ludong University and the Computer Network Information Center of CAS, have generated a high-quality genome of Keno ...
Species biodiversity has been found in a new study to be possible when rare plants grow in urban gardens in the city, causing an attraction of a rare biodiversity of bees and birds.
It was during a car journey to California in temperatures sometimes exceeding 40 °C that Sophie Gilbert decided she needed to make a major career change.
The Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) is hoping you'll get outside this weekend, in the name of science. The NCC is holding its annual event, Big Backyard BioBlitz project, which aims to get people to take photos of the plants, animals and insects in their regions and upload them to the organi ...
A group of leading experts have issued a critical framework for using microbiomes to protect wildlife in an ethical and efficient way.
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Australia working with one colleague from Sweden and another from Spain, has obtained recorded evidence of rays generating sound. In their paper published in the journal Ecology, the researchers describe the noises and how the recordi ...
A trio of researchers, two with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology's Department of Environmental Systems and the other with Climate Service Center Germany, Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, say that reducing CO2 emissions from aircraft will not fully solve the problem of their negative climate co ...
Scientists from EPFL and the WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF have gained deeper insight into how snow slab avalanches form, paving the way to more effective risk assessment measures for these catastrophic events that induce more avalanche accidents and fatalities every year tha ...
Lead researcher Dr. Qiang Jiang, a Curtin Ph.D. graduate from Curtin's School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, said the findings were vital to understanding how to prevent future climate disasters.
The Innavik Hydro Project currently being built by the Pituvik Landholding Corporation in partnership with Hydro-Québec, Innergex Renewable Energy Inc. and CRT Construction will soon enable the Inuit community of Inukjuak to switch entirely to hydroelectric power. There will be a dam on the Innu ...
The intensity of soil respiration increases with temperature on a global scale. Temperature sensitivity of soil respiration, usually termed as Q10, is defined as the increase in CO2 efflux for a 10°C increase in temperature.
How do you tell if your plants need water? Recently, I asked this question of a group of about 40 biologists at the Australian National University.
Fossils of small plesiosaurs, long-necked marine reptiles from the age of dinosaurs, have been found in a 100-million year old river system that is now Morocco's Sahara Desert. This discovery suggests some species of plesiosaur, traditionally thought to be sea creatures, may have lived in freshw ...
Crop breeders are always looking for ways to improve a crop. They know that even small differences in quality and quantity can mean big differences in profits for farmers. So, making the breeding process faster and cheaper makes it more likely they will have success.
The genus Cedrus Trew (Pinaceae) compromises four species of evergreen coniferous trees, which have important cultural, aesthetic, scientific and economic values.
Parasitic plants are extraordinary plants with unique physiology, ecology, and evolutionary histories, and little is known about their origin and evolution. Initially, certain autotrophs evolved to be facultative hemiparasitic plants which obtained only water and mineral nutrients from their hos ...
Under global warming, the rising temperature will exert profound impacts on forest ecosystems. How forest ecosystems respond to climate warming will determine forest trajectories over the next 100 years.
Land plants evolved 470 million years ago from algae and have since reshaped our world. Throughout their evolution, ferns have undergone a series of changes that have helped them survive on land. For the first time, researchers have characterized the genome arrangement of tree ferns, which sheds ...
Researchers are working to prove that coral-eating fish spread corals’ symbiotic algae in their feces. If they’re right, it could open new opportunities for helping struggling reefs cope.
IN NORTHERN CHINA, where the Gobi Desert meets the Tibetan Plateau, lies a vast expanse of rippling sand dunes, mountains, and bare rock.
A multidisciplinary team led by researchers from the Universities of Oxford and Edinburgh has found that wild red deer become less sociable with age.
An MDC research team led by Jan Philipp Junker and Daniela Panáková has found that zebrafish can regenerate heart tissue after injury. Connective tissue cells play an important role in the process by temporarily entering an activated state, as the team reports in Nature Genetics.
Competition for pollinating insects may reduce the ability of plant species to coexist, according to a paper published in Nature. This effect, which may impact plant diversity, is expected to be heightened as the number of pollinators decreases.
Climate change is causing a mass extinction the likes of which has not been seen in recorded history. For birds, this biodiversity loss has implications beyond just species loss. In research publishing in the journal Current Biology on July 21, researchers use statistical modeling to predict tha ...
Approximately 365 million years ago, one group of fishes left the water to live on land. These animals were early tetrapods, a lineage that would radiate to include many thousands of species including amphibians, birds, lizards and mammals. Human beings are descendants of those early tetrapods, ...
Forests make large contributions to Earth's climate, from releasing water vapor to pulling in carbon dioxide from the air, which mitigates global warming. The arrangement of trees affects how forests use light and water for photosynthesis, and it is known that more complex forests have higher pr ...
An international team of researchers has found a mangrove forest living in a freshwater part of the Amazonian delta. In their paper published in the journal Current Biology, the group describes their study of the Amazonian delta and explain why their find is so important.
Climate change, pollution, and the lack of pollinators are just a few of the many challenges we face, both locally and globally. Ecology plays a key role in addressing these challenges.
The monarch butterfly fluttered a step closer to extinction Thursday, as scientists put the iconic orange-and-black insect on the endangered list because of its fast dwindling numbers.
There are 40 percent more tigers in the wild than previously thought, but with a maximum of 5,578 on the prowl, they remain an endangered species, conservationists said Thursday.
Global biodiversity loss and mass extinction of species are two of the most critical environmental issues the world is currently facing, resulting in the disruption of various ecosystems central to environmental functions and human health.
Lianas account for a small fraction of forest biomass, but contribute significantly to the dynamics of tropical and subtropical forests. However, our understanding of their contribution to food webs and biochemical cycling remains limited.
On January 30, 1864, the Confederate warship CSS Alabama entered what its captain described as a “remarkable patch of the sea.”
A meme has been circulating online during the pandemic featuring Tiktaalik roseae, the iconic, four-legged "fishapod" that first made the transition from water to land 375 million years ago.
Endothermy, or warm-bloodedness, is the ability of mammals and birds to produce their own body heat and control their body temperature.
A trio of researchers at the University of Michigan has found that paper wasps are able to distinguish between things that are the same or things that are different. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Chloe Weise, Christian Cely Ortiz and Elizabeth Tibbetts describe ...
Higher water temperatures induce specific chemical tags at targeted locations on the DNA of embryonic zebrafish. These "epigenetic" changes can then reroute genetic pathways, so that the embryos change sex.
The invasion of a remote Russian village by dozens of ravenous polar bears three years ago captured headlines around the world, with images of groups of animals gorging on rubbish in an open garbage dump.
Prompt action by scientists recovered sensors drifting across the Atlantic Ocean that held data on a seabed sediment avalanche that traveled for 1,100 km to ocean depths of 4,500 km.
The U.K. has experienced its hottest day on record, as provisional data showed the temperature soared to 40.3°C at Coningsby in Lincolnshire. This surpassed the previous record of 38.7°C set in Cambridge just three years previously.
Just one year ago, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory assembled a unique mobile observatory for surveying the climate in urban environments.
More than 50 hungry polar bears invaded the Russian coastal village of Belushya Guba over a period of three months, attracted by the local dump. Some bears entered homes and businesses by ripping doors off hinges and climbing through windows.
Research by the University of Southampton shows future choices about trade, diet and climate change will be crucial in securing micronutrient food supplies for the UK.
A new study in Nature Geoscience, co-authored by Dr. Heather Ford from Queen Mary's School of Geography, uses a unique research model to illustrate how past geologic periods can help us understand future climate changes.
Scientists working in Antarctica have captured breath-taking photos of the skies above the icy continent, including these mesmerizing shots taken by Antarctica New Zealand science technician Stuart Shaw, who is stationed at Scott Base for the winter.
Scientists from seven research institutions including the University of Oxford and the University of Edinburgh have used pioneering bioinformatic modeling to investigate the molecular interactions of the p53 protein known to give protection against cancers.
Global warming has caused an increase of the average upper ocean temperature by 0.07°C per decade. These temperature increases affect marine species and ecosystems in many ways, including enhanced mortality of key habitat-forming species such as seagrass, changes in species distributions, and a ...
Dr. Jordi Mazon is professor of meteorology at the Department of physics in the Technical University of Catalonia (BarcelonaTech) and teaches higher-level physics in the international baccalaureate in Aula higher school in Barcelona.
A small team of researchers with members from institutions in Italy, France and the U.S. has found that most forests around the world are becoming less resilient to environmental changes due to global warming.
Life in the Arctic is harsh. Arctic temperatures are punishing, making life difficult for many animals to survive. Yet lots of insects, including mosquitoes, manage to thrive in the frozen region. So why don't they freeze themselves?
Climate change is destroying heritage sites across Europe and globally. Ancient historical landmarks could disappear completely unless swift action is taken to protect them from environmental damage, researchers are warning.
Snakes and lizards have distinct body movement patterns. Lizards bend from side to side as they retract their legs to walk or run. Snakes, on the other hand, slither and undulate, like a wave that travels down the body. However, there are species of lizards that have long, snakelike bodies, and ...
Urbanization is a primary threat to biodiversity. However, scientists know little about how urbanization affects biodiversity and ecosystem services in tropical regions of the Global South.
New University of Bristol-led research has highlighted several potential welfare concerns relating to how snakes are kept in private homes including issues with enclosure size, temperature and humidity.
Harmful fungi cause enormous agricultural losses. Conventional techniques for combating them involve the use of poisonous fungicides. Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), working with partners from Germany, France, and Switzerland on the DialogProTec project, have developed en ...
A team of researchers from Colorado State University, the Smithsonian Conservative Biology Institute and the Save the Elephants program in Kenya reports that social support by members of elephant herds in African savanna elephants reduces stress levels of orphaned youngsters.
To the uninitiated there are two types of ants in the U.K.: the red ones that bite and black ants which invade our kitchens. Even more alarming is when hundreds of local ant colonies swarm and create a regional "flying ant day."
In the fairy-tale landscape of the Isle of Skye off the north-west coast of Scotland, the skull of one of the most ancient salamanders ever discovered to date was excavated from Jurassic limestones. But it would be decades until scientists had the technology and the funding to piece the salamand ...
Investing in measures to protect the biodiversity of Southeast Asia’s forests and seas could produce benefits valued at more than $2.19 trillion a year - while slowing down climate change - according to a new study published by the Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM).
The EA says action will be required to address the levels of consumption in wealthy countries, which contribute to the loss of biodiversity, and that sustained effort will be required from many people and organisations at forums like the COP 15 meeting of the UN Convention on Biological Diversit ...
Sir James Bevan expected to warn later today that England faces a ‘silent spring’ without action on nature loss. The boss of the Environment Agency, Sir James Bevan, is to deliver a speech later today warning how the biodiversity crisis poses an existential threat to the human race if left unadd ...
Humanity is closer than ever to irreversible climate breakdown 60 years on from the birth of the modern environmental movement, the head of the Environment Agency will warn.
Humanity is closer than ever to irreversible climate breakdown 60 years on from the birth of the modern green movement, the head of the Environment Agency will warn today.
On Saturday, July 9, the Ninth Session of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) approved the methodological assessment regarding the diverse conceptualization of multiple values of nature and its benefits, including biodiversity and ecosyst ...
When governments make decisions, economic considerations often trump everything else — human well-being, social connections, the health of the environment. According to a new report from the United Nations, this imbalance is driving the global biodiversity crisis and the human suffering associa ...
It was a perfect morning in Pigeon Island National Park in eastern Sri Lanka, where a group of tourists in a boat was taking in the rich marine life in the water around them.
Habitat differences help determine changes in the nervous system of tropical butterflies, scientists at the University of Bristol have found.
A new study shows that social isolation changes the behavior and brain development of bumblebees, but not in the way researchers expected.
In calculations designed to help nations hurt by climate change get compensation for decades of carbon pollution from rich, high-emitting nations, researchers have calculated just how much losses and benefits each country has caused to others.
An atmospheric scientist with Colorado State University has gained confirmation of his discovery of a bioluminescent "milky sea" event through testimony of a crew aboard a private yacht.
With rising global temperatures and dwindling pollinator populations, food production has become increasingly difficult for the world's growers.
Plants protect themselves from environmental hazards like insects, drought and heat by producing salicylic acid, also known as aspirin. A new understanding of this process may help plants survive increasing stress caused by climate change.
The first widespread census of the genetic diversity of common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) populations living along 3000km of Australia's southern coastline has raised key pointers for future conservation efforts.
Senckenberg researchers Serena Abel and Angelika Brandt, together with colleagues from the Alfred Wegener Institute—Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and Goethe University in Frankfurt, have investigated microplastic pollution in the Western Pacific Kuril-Kamchatka Trench.
In watching the reaction of advocates and experts to the Supreme Court's decision in EPA v. West Virginia, I was struck by their dismay that the EPA would no longer be able to implement rapid sweeping change in the nation's energy system.
Researchers at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science recently discovered rare deep-sea brine pools in the Gulf of Aqaba, a northern extension to the Red Sea.
The U.K. should name heatwaves as part of an effective early warning system to protect the most vulnerable, says leading U.K. scientists.
Main article: Blinded by greed, human beings have literally dug their graves as their indiscriminate consumption gravely impacted the natural ecosystem over the years.
The focus of the report by IPBES - the body that covers biodiversity as the IPCC does climate change - is to highlight the vast array of ways in which different people value nature
The Intergovernmental Science–Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) approved the Summary for Policy Makers of the Assessment Report on the Diverse Values and Valuation of Nature on 9 July 2022 in its ninth plenary meeting in Bonn, Germany.
IPBES research calls for science-based valuation of nature to be placed at the heart of economic decision-making in order to reverse the biodiversity crisis
Biodiversity experts are calling for the preservation of often endangered wild species, which could provide food and income for billions worldwide.
Located between Australia and New Zealand, the Tasman Sea is an important but so far neglected component of the global ocean conveyor belt.
Kitesurfers and windsurfers dot picturesque Lake Neusiedl on the Austrian-Hungarian border –- but the water is so low some get stuck in the mud.